Andrew Johnson: State of the Union Written Message - December 4, 1865

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    44,503
  • Sentences
    276
  • Words
    9,323
  • Syllables
    14,993
  • Words Per Sentence
    9,323
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Andrew Johnson
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    3.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    50
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    18
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
To express gratitude to God in the name of the people for the preservation of the United States is my first duty in addressing you. Our thoughts next revert to the death of the late President by an act of parricidal treason. The grief of the nation is still fresh. It finds some solace in the consideration that he lived to enjoy the highest proof of its confidence by entering on the renewed term of the Chief Magistracy to which he had been elected;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.7
  • Gunning Fog
    12.7
  • Coleman Liau
    9.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    364
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    124
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.45

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.72
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • People & Society/Religion & Belief

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Magistracy
    [Person]
Andrew Johnson
That he brought the civil war substantially to a close; that his loss was deplored in all parts of the Union, and that foreign nations have rendered justice to his memory.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    138
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    31
  • Syllables
    46
  • Words Per Sentence
    31
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.42

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.42
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
His removal cast upon me a heavier weight of cares than ever devolved upon any one of his predecessors. To fulfill my trust I need the support and confidence of all who are associated with me in the various departments of Government and the support and confidence of the people. There is but one way in which I can hope to gain their necessary aid.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.7
  • Gunning Fog
    14.2
  • Coleman Liau
    9.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    281
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    17.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It is to state with frankness the principles which guide my conduct, and their application to the present state of affairs, well aware that the efficiency of my labors will in a great measure depend on your and their undivided approbation. The Union of the United States of America was intended by its authors to last as long as the States themselves shall last. "The Union shall be perpetual" are the words of the Confederation. "To form a more perfect Union," by an ordinance of the people of the United States, is the declared purpose of the Constitution.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    465
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    101
  • Syllables
    158
  • Words Per Sentence
    101
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Entities

  • Confederation
    [Country, City, State]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • The Union of the United States of America
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The hand of Divine Providence was never more plainly visible in the affairs of men than in the framing and the adopting of that instrument. It is beyond comparison the greatest event in American history, and, indeed, is it not of all events in modern times the most pregnant with consequences for every people of the earth?

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    262
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Andrew Johnson
The members of the Convention which prepared it brought to their work the experience of the Confederation, of their several States, and of other republican governments, old and new; but they needed and they obtained a wisdom superior to experience. And when for its validity it required the approval of a people that occupied a large part of a continent and acted separately in many distinct conventions, what is more wonderful than that, after earnest contention and long discussion, all feelings and all opinions were ultimately drawn in one way to its support?

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    462
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    93
  • Syllables
    156
  • Words Per Sentence
    93
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    14.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • republican
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Confederation
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The Constitution to which life was thus imparted contains within itself ample resources for its own preservation. It has power to enforce the laws, punish treason, and insure domestic tranquillity. In case of the usurpation of the government of a State by one man or an oligarchy, it becomes a duty of the United States to make good the guaranty to that State of a republican form of government, and so to maintain the homogeneousness of all.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.5
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    359
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.30
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • republican
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • State
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Does the lapse of time reveal defects? A simple mode of amendment is provided in the Constitution itself, so that its conditions can always be made to conform to the requirements of advancing civilization. No room is allowed even for the thought of a possibility of its coming to an end. And these powers of self-preservation have always been asserted in their complete integrity by every patriotic Chief Magistrate by Jefferson and Jackson not less than by Washington and Madison.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    396
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    81
  • Syllables
    140
  • Words Per Sentence
    81
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.32
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • Washington
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Jackson
    [Person]
  • Jefferson
    [Person]
  • Madison
    [Person]
Andrew Johnson
The parting advice of the Father of his Country, while yet President, to the people of the United States was that the free Constitution, which was the work of their hands, might be sacredly maintained; and the inaugural words of President Jefferson held up "the preservation of the General Government in its whole constitutional vigor as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safety abroad." The Constitution is the work of "the people of the United States," and it should be as indestructible as the people.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    429
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    92
  • Syllables
    140
  • Words Per Sentence
    92
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • the free Constitution
    [Law]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
  • Jefferson
    [Person]
Andrew Johnson
It is not strange that the framers of the Constitution, which had no model in the past, should not have fully comprehended the excellence of their own work. Fresh from a struggle against arbitrary power, many patriots suffered from harassing fears of an absorption of the State governments by the General Government, and many from a dread that the States would break away from their orbits.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    319
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    103
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.83
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
But the very greatness of our country should allay the apprehension of encroachments by the General Government. The subjects that come unquestionably within its jurisdiction are so numerous that it must ever naturally refuse to be embarrassed by questions that lie beyond it. Were it otherwise the Executive would sink beneath the burden, the channels of justice would be choked, legislation would be obstructed by excess, so that there is a greater temptation to exercise some of the functions of the General Government through the States than to trespass on their rightful sphere.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    484
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    93
  • Syllables
    158
  • Words Per Sentence
    93
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.88
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • the General Government
    [Organization]
  • the General Government through the States
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The "absolute acquiescence in the decisions of the majority" was at the beginning of the century enforced by Jefferson as "the vital principle of republics;" and the events of the last four years have established, we will hope forever, that there lies no appeal to force. The maintenance of the Union brings with it "the support of the State governments in all their rights," but it is not one of the rights of any State government to renounce its own place in the Union or to nullify the laws of the Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    428
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    97
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    97
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the beginning of the century
    [Date]
  • the last four years
    [Date]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
  • Jefferson
    [Person]
Andrew Johnson
The largest liberty is to be maintained in the discussion of the acts of the Federal Government, but there is no appeal from its laws except to the various branches of that Government itself, or to the people, who grant to the members of the legislative and of the executive departments no tenure but a limited one, and in that manner always retain the powers of redress. "The sovereignty of the States" is the language of the Confederacy, and not the language of the Constitution.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    396
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    86
  • Syllables
    135
  • Words Per Sentence
    86
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.36
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Confederacy
    [Organization]
  • the Federal Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The latter contains the emphatic words -- This Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made or which shall be made under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land, and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    321
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • State
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Certainly the Government of the United States is a limited government, and so is every State government a limited government. With us this idea of limitation spreads through every form of administration -- general, State, and municipal -- and rests on the great distinguishing principle of the recognition of the rights of man.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    266
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.82

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.65
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • State
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The ancient republics absorbed the individual in the state -- prescribed his religion and controlled his activity. The American system rests on the assertion of the equal right of every man to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, to freedom of conscience, to the culture and exercise of all his faculties.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    254
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.16

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Andrew Johnson
As a consequence the State government is limited -- as to the General Government in the interest of union, as to the individual citizen in the interest of freedom. States, with proper limitations of power, are essential to the existence of the Constitution of the United States. At the very commencement, when we assumed a place among the powers of the earth, the Declaration of Independence was adopted by States;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    335
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the Constitution of the United States
    [Law]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
  • the Declaration of Independence
    [Title]
Andrew Johnson
So also were the Articles of Confederation: and when "the people of the United States" ordained and established the Constitution it was the assent of the States, one by one, which gave it vitality.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    166
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    35
  • Syllables
    58
  • Words Per Sentence
    35
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.62
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • the Articles of Confederation
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
In the event, too, of any amendment to the Constitution, the proposition of Congress needs the confirmation of States. Without States one great branch of the legislative government would be wanting. And if we look beyond the letter of the Constitution to the character of our country, its capacity for comprehending within its jurisdiction a vast continental empire is due to the system of States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    326
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.51
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The best security for the perpetual existence of the States is the "supreme authority" of the Constitution of the United States. The perpetuity of the Constitution brings with it the perpetuity of the States; their mutual relation makes us what we are, and in our political system their connection is indissoluble.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    266
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.83

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • the "supreme authority" of the Constitution of the United States
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The whole can not exist without the parts, nor the parts without the whole. So long as the Constitution of the United States endures, the States will endure. The destruction of the one is the destruction of the other; the preservation of the one is the preservation of the other. I have thus explained my views of the mutual relations of the Constitution and the States, because they unfold the principles on which I have sought to solve the momentous questions and overcome the appalling difficulties that met me at the very commencement of my Administration.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    457
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    96
  • Syllables
    155
  • Words Per Sentence
    96
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.82
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • the Constitution of the United States
    [Law]
  • Administration
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It has been my steadfast object to escape from the sway of momentary passions and to derive a healing policy from the fundamental and unchanging principles of the Constitution. I found the States suffering from the effects of a civil war. Resistance to the General Government appeared to have exhausted itself.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.2
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    257
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.56
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The United States had recovered possession of their forts and arsenals, and their armies were in the occupation of every State which had attempted to secede. Whether the territory within the limits of those States should be held as conquered territory, under military authority emanating from the President as the head of the Army, was the first question that presented itself for decision.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    323
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.48
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Military
  • Reference/Humanities/History

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • The United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Army
    [Organization]
  • State
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Now military governments, established for an indefinite period, would have offered no security for the early suppression of discontent, would have divided the people into the vanquishers and the vanquished, and would have envenomed hatred rather than have restored affection. Once established, no precise limit to their continuance was conceivable.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    292
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    50
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    50
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.98

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.39
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • Law & Government/Military
Andrew Johnson
They would have occasioned an incalculable and exhausting expense. Peaceful emigration to and from that portion of the country is one of the best means that can be thought of for the restoration of harmony, and that emigration would have been prevented; for what emigrant from abroad, what industrious citizen at home, would place himself willingly under military rule?

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    305
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy
Andrew Johnson
The chief persons who would have followed in the train of the Army would have been dependents on the General Government or men who expected profit from the miseries of their erring fellow-citizens. The powers of patronage and rule which would have been exercised under the President, over a vast and populous and naturally wealthy region are greater than, unless under extreme necessity, I should be willing to intrust to any one man.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    356
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    121
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.49
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Military

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Army
    [Organization]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
They are such as, for myself, I could never, unless on occasions of great emergency, consent to exercise. The willful use of such powers, if continued through a period of years, would have endangered the purity of the general administration and the liberties of the States which remained loyal. Besides, the policy of military rule over a conquered territory would have implied that the States whose inhabitants may have taken part in the rebellion had by the act of those inhabitants ceased to exist.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    408
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • a period of years
    [Date]
Andrew Johnson
But the true theory is that all pretended acts of secession were from the beginning null and void. The States can not commit treason nor screen the individual citizens who may have committed treason any more than they can make valid treaties or engage in lawful commerce with any foreign power. The States attempting to secede placed themselves in a condition where their vitality was impaired, but not extinguished;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    344
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    120
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • Reference/Humanities/History
Andrew Johnson
Their functions suspended, but not destroyed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.4
  • Gunning Fog
    15.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    11.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    1.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    1.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    38
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    6
  • Syllables
    11
  • Words Per Sentence
    6
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.83

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.34
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.25
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.25
Andrew Johnson
But if any State neglects or refuses to perform its offices there is the more need that the General Government should maintain all its authority and as soon as practicable resume the exercise of all its functions. On this principle I have acted, and have gradually and quietly, and by almost imperceptible steps, sought to restore the rightful energy of the General Government and of the States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    324
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.15
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
To that end provisional governors have been appointed for the States, conventions called, governors elected, legislatures assembled, and Senators and Representatives chosen to the Congress of the United States. At the same time the courts of the United States, as far as could be done, have been reopened, so that the laws of the United States may be enforced through their agency.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    311
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    109
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.81
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Congress of the United States
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The blockade has been removed and the custom-houses reestablished in ports of entry, so that the revenue of the United States may be collected. The Post-Office Department renews its ceaseless activity, and the General Government is thereby enabled to communicate promptly with its officers and agents. The courts bring security to persons and property;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    292
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    104
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.64
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
  • The Post-Office Department
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The opening of the ports invites the restoration of industry and commerce; the post-office renews the facilities of social intercourse and of business.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Statistics

  • Characters
    126
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    24
  • Syllables
    46
  • Words Per Sentence
    24
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.21
Andrew Johnson
And is it not happy for us all that the restoration of each one of these functions of the General Government brings with it a blessing to the States over which they are extended? Is it not a sure promise of harmony and renewed attachment to the Union that after all that has happened the return of the General Government is known only as a beneficence?

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.4
  • Coleman Liau
    9.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    285
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.75
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
I know very well that this policy is attended with some risk; that for its success it requires at least the acquiescence of the States which it concerns; that it implies an invitation to those States, by renewing their allegiance to the United States, to resume their functions as States of the Union. But it is a risk that must be taken.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.9
  • Coleman Liau
    9.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    271
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.45

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.19
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Andrew Johnson
In the choice of difficulties it is the smallest risk; and to diminish and if possible to remove all danger, I have felt it incumbent on me to assert one other power of the General Government -- the power of pardon. As no State can throw a defense over the crime of treason, the power of pardon is exclusively vested in the executive government of the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.2
  • Coleman Liau
    9.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    292
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.78
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
In exercising that power I have taken every precaution to connect it with the clearest recognition of the binding force of the laws of the United States and an unqualified acknowledgment of the great social change of condition in regard to slavery which has grown out of the war. The next step which I have taken to restore the constitutional relations of the States has been an invitation to them to participate in the high office of amending the Constitution.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    380
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    134
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.15
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
Every patriot must wish for a general amnesty at the earliest epoch consistent with public safety. For this great end there is need of a concurrence of all opinions and the spirit of mutual conciliation. All parties in the late terrible conflict must work together in harmony. It is not too much to ask, in the name of the whole people, that on the one side the plan of restoration shall proceed in conformity with a willingness to cast the disorders of the past into oblivion, and that on the other the evidence of sincerity in the future maintenance of the Union shall be put beyond any doubt by the ratification of the proposed amendment to the Constitution, which provides for the abolition of slavery forever within the limits of our country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    608
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    132
  • Syllables
    212
  • Words Per Sentence
    132
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.62
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
So long as the adoption of this amendment is delayed, so long will doubt and jealousy and uncertainty prevail. This is the measure which will efface the sad memory of the past; this is the measure which will most certainly call population and capital and security to those parts of the Union that need them most.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.6
  • Coleman Liau
    10.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    253
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    85
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.75
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government
Andrew Johnson
Indeed, it is not too much to ask of the States which are now resuming their places in the family of the Union to give this pledge of perpetual loyalty and peace. Until it is done the past, however much we may desire it, will not be forgotten, The adoption of the amendment reunites us beyond all power of disruption;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.0
  • Coleman Liau
    8.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    252
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    87
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Jobs & Education/Jobs

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It heals the wound that is still imperfectly closed: it removes slavery, the element which has so long perplexed and divided the country; it makes of us once more a united people, renewed and strengthened, bound more than ever to mutual affection and support.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    210
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    44
  • Syllables
    74
  • Words Per Sentence
    44
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02
Andrew Johnson
The amendment to the Constitution being adopted, it would remain for the States whose powers have been so long in abeyance to resume their places in the two branches of the National Legislature, and thereby complete the work of restoration. Here it is for you, fellow-citizens of the Senate, and for you, fellow-citizens of the House of Representatives, to judge, each of you for yourselves, of the elections, returns, and qualifications of your own members.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    370
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • the National Legislature
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The full assertion of the powers of the General Government requires the holding of circuit courts of the United States within the districts where their authority has been interrupted. In the present posture of our public affairs strong objections have been urged to holding those courts in any of the States where the rebellion has existed;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    283
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.57
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Andrew Johnson
And it was ascertained by inquiry, that the circuit court of the United States would not be held within the district of Virginia during the autumn or early winter, nor until Congress should have "an opportunity to consider and act on the whole subject." To your deliberations the restoration of this branch of the civil authority of the United States is therefore necessarily referred, with the hope that early provision will be made for the resumption of all its functions.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    396
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    82
  • Syllables
    137
  • Words Per Sentence
    82
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.89
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Virginia
    [Country, City, State]
  • autumn
    [Date]
  • early winter
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It is manifest that treason, most flagrant in character, has been committed. Persons who are charged with its commission should have fair and impartial trials in the highest civil tribunals of the country, in order that the Constitution and the laws may be fully vindicated, the truth dearly established and affirmed that treason is a crime, that traitors should be punished and the offense made infamous, and, at the same time, that the question may be judicially settled, finally and forever, that no State of its own will has the right to renounce its place in the Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    465
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    98
  • Syllables
    150
  • Words Per Sentence
    98
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.66
  • AFINN
    -9.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • News/Politics

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
The relations of the General Government toward the 4,000,000 inhabitants whom the war has called into freedom have engaged my most serious consideration. On the propriety of attempting to make the freedmen electors by the proclamation of the Executive I took for my counsel the Constitution itself, the interpretations of that instrument by its authors and their contemporaries, and recent legislation by Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    339
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.48
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • 4,000,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
When, at the first movement toward independence, the Congress of the United States instructed the several States to institute governments of their own, they left each State to decide for itself the conditions for the enjoyment of the elective franchise. During the period of the Confederacy there continued to exist a very great diversity in the qualifications of electors in the several States, and even within a State a distinction of qualifications prevailed with regard to the officers who were to be chosen.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    424
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    83
  • Syllables
    149
  • Words Per Sentence
    83
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Confederacy
    [Organization]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the Congress of the United States
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The Constitution of the United States recognizes these diversities when it enjoins that in the choice of members of the House of Representatives of the United States "the electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature." After the formation of the Constitution it remained, as before, the uniform usage for each State to enlarge the body of its electors according to its own judgment, and under this system one State after another has proceeded to increase the number of its electors, until now universal suffrage, or something very near it, is the general rule.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    536
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    108
  • Syllables
    190
  • Words Per Sentence
    108
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.80
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • The Constitution of the United States
    [Law]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the House of Representatives of the United States
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
So fixed was this reservation of power in the habits of the people and so unquestioned has been the interpretation of the Constitution that during the civil war the late President never harbored the purpose -- certainly never evowed the purpose -- of disregarding it; and in the acts of Congress during that period nothing can be found which, during the continuance of hostilities much less after their close, would have sanctioned any departure by the Executive from a policy which has so uniformly obtained.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    417
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    83
  • Syllables
    143
  • Words Per Sentence
    83
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.76
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • the civil war
    [Event]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]