Andrew Johnson: State of the Union Written Message - December 3, 1867

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    57,710
  • Sentences
    390
  • Words
    12,135
  • Syllables
    19,490
  • Words Per Sentence
    12,135
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Andrew Johnson
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    3.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    50
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    18
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The continued disorganization of the Union, to which the President has so often called the attention of Congress, is yet a subject of profound and patriotic concern. We may, however, find some relief from that anxiety in the reflection that the painful political situation, although before untried by ourselves, is not new in the experience of nations.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    288
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.13
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Political science, perhaps as highly perfected in our own time and country as in any other, has not yet disclosed any means by which civil wars can be absolutely prevented. An enlightened nation, however, with a wise and beneficent constitution of free government, may diminish their frequency and mitigate their severity by directing all its proceedings in accordance with its fundamental law.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    326
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.82

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • People & Society/Social Sciences/Political Science
Andrew Johnson
When a civil war has been brought to a close, it is manifestly the first interest and duty of the state to repair the injuries which the war has inflicted, and to secure the benefit of the lessons it teaches as fully and as speedily as possible. This duty was, upon the termination of the rebellion, promptly accepted not only by the executive department, but by the insurrectionary States themselves, and restoration in the first moment of peace was believed to be as easy and certain as it was indispensable.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    413
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    143
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Military
  • Reference/Humanities/History
  • Sensitive Subjects

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • the executive department
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The expectations, however, then so reasonably and confidently entertained were disappointed by legislation from which I felt constrained by my obligations to the Constitution to withhold my assent. It is therefore a source of profound regret that in complying with the obligation imposed upon the President by the Constitution to give to Congress from time to time information of the state of the Union I am unable to communicate any definitive adjustment satisfactory to the American people, of the questions which since the close of the rebellion have agitated the public mind.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    483
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    92
  • Syllables
    166
  • Words Per Sentence
    92
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.84

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.37
  • AFINN
    -9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
On the contrary, candor compels me to declare that at this time there is no Union as our fathers understood the term, and as they meant it to be understood by us. The Union which they established can exist only where all the States are represented in both Houses of Congress; where one State is as free as another to regulate its internal concerns according to its own will, and where the laws of the central Government, strictly confined to matters of national jurisdiction, apply with equal force to all the people of every section.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    432
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    95
  • Syllables
    146
  • Words Per Sentence
    95
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.30
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Houses of Congress
    [Organization]
  • State
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
That such is not the present "state of the Union" is a melancholy fact, and we must all acknowledge that the restoration of the States to their proper legal relations with the Federal Government and with one another, according to the terms of the original compact, would be the greatest temporal blessing which God, in His kindest providence, could bestow upon this nation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    311
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    103
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Federal Government
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It becomes our imperative duty to consider whether or not it is impossible to effect this most desirable consummation. The Union and the Constitution are inseparable. As long as one is obeyed by all parties, the other will be preserved; and if one is destroyed, both must perish together. The destruction of the Constitution will be followed by other and still greater calamities.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.0
  • Gunning Fog
    12.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    311
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    109
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.03
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It was ordained not only to form a more perfect union between the States, but to "establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity." Nothing but implicit obedience to its requirements in all parts of the country will accomplish these great ends.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    314
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.99
  • AFINN
    16.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.18
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • People & Society/Religion & Belief

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
Andrew Johnson
Without that obedience we can look forward only to continual outrages upon individual rights, incessant breaches of the public peace, national weakness, financial dishonor, the total loss of our prosperity, the general corruption of morals, and the final extinction of popular freedom. To save our country from evils so appalling as these, we should renew our efforts again and again.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    316
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.82

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.23
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04
Andrew Johnson
To me the process of restoration seems perfectly plain and simple. It consists merely in a faithful application of the Constitution and laws. The execution of the laws is not now obstructed or opposed by physical force. There is no military or other necessity, real or pretended, which can prevent obedience to the Constitution, either North or South.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.6
  • Gunning Fog
    13.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    287
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.72
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • North or South
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Andrew Johnson
All the rights and all the obligations of States and individuals can be protected and enforced by means perfectly consistent with the fundamental law. The courts may be everywhere open, and if open their process would be unimpeded. Crimes against the United States can be prevented or punished by the proper judicial authorities in a manner entirely practicable and legal.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    309
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Andrew Johnson
There is therefore no reason why the Constitution should not be obeyed, unless those who exercise its powers have determined that it shall be disregarded and violated. The mere naked will of this Government, or of some one or more of its branches, is the only obstacle that can exist to a perfect union of all the States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.4
  • Coleman Liau
    10.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    259
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.56
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
On this momentous question and some of the measures growing out of it I have had the misfortune to differ from Congress, and have expressed my convictions without reserve, though with becoming deference to the opinion of the legislative department. Those convictions are not only unchanged, but strengthened by subsequent events and further reflection The transcendent importance of the subject will be a sufficient excuse for calling your attention to some of the reasons which have so strongly influenced my own judgment.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    437
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    82
  • Syllables
    144
  • Words Per Sentence
    82
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The hope that we may all finally concur in a mode of settlement consistent at once with our true interests and with our sworn duties to the Constitution is too natural and too just to be easily relinquished. It is clear to my apprehension that the States lately in rebellion are still members of the National Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.7
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    257
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • the National Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
When did they cease to be so? The "ordinances of secession" adopted by a portion (in most of them a very small portion) of their citizens were mere nullities. If we admit now that they were valid and effectual for the purpose intended by their authors, we sweep from under our feet the whole ground upon which we justified the war.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.8
  • Gunning Fog
    13.4
  • Coleman Liau
    9.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    271
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.10
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • under our feet
    [Quantity]
Andrew Johnson
Were those States afterwards expelled from the Union by the war? The direct contrary was averred by this Government to be its purpose, and was so understood by all those who gave their blood and treasure to aid in its prosecution. It can not be that a successful war, waged for the preservation of the Union, had the legal effect of dissolving it.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.8
  • Gunning Fog
    12.8
  • Coleman Liau
    10.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    279
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.46

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.76
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Entities

  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The victory of the nation's arms was not the disgrace of her policy; the defeat of secession on the battlefield was not the triumph of its lawless principle. Nor could Congress, with or without the consent of the Executive, do anything which would have the effect, directly or indirectly, of separating the States from each other.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    267
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    87
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.73
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
To dissolve the Union is to repeal the Constitution which holds it together, and that is a power which does not belong to any department of this Government, or to all of them united. This is so plain that it has been acknowledged by all branches of the Federal Government. The Executive (my predecessor as well as myself) and the heads of all the Departments have uniformly acted upon the principle that the Union is not only undissolved, but indissoluble.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.2
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    369
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    125
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.35
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Departments
    [Organization]
  • the Federal Government
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Congress submitted an amendment of the Constitution to be ratified by the Southern States, and accepted their acts of ratification as a necessary and lawful exercise of their highest function. If they were not States, or were States out of the Union, their consent to a change in the fundamental law of the Union would have been nugatory, and Congress in asking it committed a political absurdity.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    325
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.69
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The judiciary has also given the solemn sanction of its authority to the same view of the case. The judges of the Supreme Court have included the Southern States in their circuits, and they are constantly, in banc and elsewhere, exercising jurisdiction which does not belong to them unless those States are States of the Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    267
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government/Courts & Judiciary

    Entities

  • banc
    [Country, City, State]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Supreme Court
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
If the Southern States are component parts of the Union, the Constitution is the supreme law for them, as it is for all the other States. They are bound to obey it, and so are we. The right of the Federal Government, which is clear and unquestionable. to enforce the Constitution upon them implies the correlative obligation on our part to observe its limitations and execute its guaranties.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.8
  • Gunning Fog
    10.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.4

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.4

    Statistics

  • Characters
    316
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.74
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • the supreme law
    [Law]
  • the Federal Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Without the Constitution we are nothing; by, through, and under the Constitution we are what it makes us. We may doubt the wisdom of the law, we may not approve of its provisions, but we can not violate it merely because it seems to confine our powers within limits narrower than we could wish. It is not a question of individual or class or sectional interest, much less of party predominance, but of duty -- of high and sacred duty -- which we are all sworn to perform.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.7
  • Coleman Liau
    9.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    370
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    86
  • Syllables
    129
  • Words Per Sentence
    86
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
If we can not support the Constitution with the cheerful alacrity of those who love and believe in it, we must give to it at least the fidelity of public servants who act under solemn obligations and commands which they dare not disregard. The constitutional duty is not the only one which requires the States to be restored.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.7
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    265
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
There is another consideration which, though of minor importance, is yet of great weight. On the 22d day of July, 1861, Congress declared by an almost unanimous vote of both Houses that the war should be conducted solely for the purpose of preserving the Union and maintaining the supremacy of the Federal Constitution and laws, without impairing the dignity, equality, and rights of the States or of individuals.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    331
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.16
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the 22d day of July, 1861
    [Date]
  • the Federal Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Houses
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
And that when this was done the war should cease. I do not say that this declaration is personally binding on those who joined in making it, any more than individual members of Congress are personally bound to pay a public debt created under a law for which they voted. But it was a solemn. public, official pledge of the national honor, and I can not imagine upon what grounds the repudiation of it is to be justified.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.6
  • Gunning Fog
    12.4
  • Coleman Liau
    9.5
  • SMOG
    11.8
  • ARI
    8.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    335
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    121
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.67
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
If it be said that we are not bound to keep faith with rebels, let it be remembered that this promise was not made to rebels only. Thousands of true men in the South were drawn to our standard by it, and hundreds of thousands in the North gave their lives in the belief that it would be carried out. It was made on the day after the first great battle of the war had been fought and lost.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.6
  • Gunning Fog
    11.0
  • Coleman Liau
    6.9
  • SMOG
    6.6
  • ARI
    9.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.9
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.9
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    305
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    79
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    79
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.18

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.25
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03

    Entities

  • hundreds of thousands
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Thousands
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the day
    [Date]
  • North
    [Location]
  • South
    [Location]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Andrew Johnson
All patriotic and intelligent men then saw the necessity of giving such an assurance, and believed that without it the war would end in disaster to our cause. Having given that assurance in the extremity of our peril, the violation of it now, in the day of our power, would be a rude rending of that good faith which holds the moral world together;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.4
  • Coleman Liau
    9.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    279
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.62
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • the day
    [Date]
Andrew Johnson
Our country would cease to have any claim upon the confidence of men; it would make the war not only a failure, but a fraud.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.3
  • Gunning Fog
    11.6
  • Coleman Liau
    7.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    97
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    25
  • Syllables
    36
  • Words Per Sentence
    25
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.28

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.69
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.10
Andrew Johnson
Being sincerely convinced that these views are correct, I would be unfaithful to my duty if I did not recommend the repeal of the acts of Congress which place ten of the Southern States under the domination of military masters. If calm reflection shall satisfy a majority of your honorable bodies that the acts referred to are not only a violation of the national faith, but in direct conflict with the Constitution, I dare not permit myself to doubt that you will immediately strike them from the statute book.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    418
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    89
  • Syllables
    143
  • Words Per Sentence
    89
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • ten
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
To demonstrate the unconstitutional character of those acts I need do no more than refer to their general provisions. It must be seen at once that they are not authorized. To dictate what alterations shall be made in the constitutions of the several States; to control the elections of State legislators and State officers, members of Congress and electors of President and Vice-President, by arbitrarily declaring who shall vote and who shall be excluded from that privilege;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    393
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    136
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.27
  • AFINN
    -3.00

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • State
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
To dissolve State legislatures or prevent them from assembling; to dismiss judges and other civil functionaries of the State and appoint others without regard to State law; to organize and operate all the political machinery of the States; to regulate the whole administration of their domestic and local affairs according to the mere will of strange and irresponsible agents, sent among them for that purpose -- these are powers not granted to the Federal Government or to any one of its branches.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    410
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    81
  • Syllables
    140
  • Words Per Sentence
    81
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.65
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • State
    [Organization]
  • the Federal Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Not being granted, we violate our trust by assuming them as palpably as we would by acting in the face of a positive interdict; for the Constitution forbids us to do whatever it does not affirmatively authorize, either by express words or by clear implication. If the authority we desire to use does not come to us through the Constitution, we can exercise it only by usurpation, and usurpation is the most dangerous of political crimes.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    355
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    76
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    76
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.43
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
By that crime the enemies of free government in all ages have worked out their designs against public liberty and private right. It leads directly and immediately to the establishment of absolute rule, for undelegated power is always unlimited and unrestrained. The acts of Congress in question are not only objectionable for their assumption of ungranted power, but many of their provisions are in conflict with the direct prohibitions of the Constitution.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    381
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    131
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.45
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The Constitution commands that a republican form of government shall be guaranteed to all the States; that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, arrested without a judicial warrant, or punished without a fair trial before an impartial jury; that the privilege of habeas corpus shall not be denied in time of peace, and that no bill of attainder shall be passed even against a single individual.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    360
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.41
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • republican
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Andrew Johnson
Yet the system of measures established by these acts of Congress does totally subvert and destroy the form as well as the substance of republican government in the ten States to which they apply. It binds them hand and foot in absolute slavery, and subjects them to a strange and hostile power, more unlimited and more likely to be abused than any other now known among civilized men.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    313
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.90
  • AFINN
    -12.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • News/Politics

    Entities

  • ten
    [Cardinal Number]
  • republican
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It tramples down all those rights in which the essence of liberty consists, and which a free government is always most careful to protect. It denies the habeas corpus and the trial by jury. Personal freedom, property, and life, if assailed by the passion, the prejudice, or the rapacity of the ruler, have no security whatever.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.7
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    262
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.89
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
Andrew Johnson
It has the effect of a bill of attainder or bill of pains and penalties, not upon a few individuals, but upon whole masses, including the millions who inhabit the subject States, and even their unborn children. These wrongs, being expressly forbidden, can not be constitutionally inflicted upon any portion of our people, no matter how they may have come within our jurisdiction, and no matter whether they live in States, Territories, or districts.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    364
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    125
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.70
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • the millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
Andrew Johnson
I have no desire to save from the proper and just consequences of their great crime those who engaged in rebellion against the Government, but as a mode of punishment the measures under consideration are the most unreasonable that could be invented. Many of those people are perfectly innocent; many kept their fidelity to the Union untainted to the last;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    292
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    104
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.79
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Entities

  • Government
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Many were incapable of any legal offense; a large proportion even of the persons able to bear arms were forced into rebellion against their will, and of those who are guilty with their own consent the degrees of guilt are as various as the shades of their character and temper.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    225
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    50
  • Syllables
    79
  • Words Per Sentence
    50
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.91
  • AFINN
    -10.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Andrew Johnson
But these acts of Congress confound them all together in one common doom. Indiscriminate vengeance upon classes, sects, and parties, or upon whole communities, for offenses committed by a portion of them against the governments to which they owed obedience was common in the barbarous ages of the world; but Christianity and civilization have made such progress that recourse to a punishment so cruel and unjust would meet with the condemnation of all unprejudiced and right-minded men.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    402
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    136
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.97
  • AFINN
    -10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Christianity
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The punitive justice of this age, and especially of this country, does not consist in stripping whole States of their liberties and reducing all their people, without distinction, to the condition of slavery. It deals separately with each individual, confines itself to the forms of law, and vindicates its own purity by an impartial examination of every case before a competent judicial tribunal.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    327
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.36
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
Andrew Johnson
If this does not satisfy all our desires with regard to Southern rebels, let us console ourselves by reflecting that a free Constitution, triumphant in war and unbroken in peace, is worth far more to us and our children than the gratification of any present feeling. I am aware it is assumed that this system of government for the Southern States is not to be perpetual.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.4
  • Coleman Liau
    11.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    300
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    105
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.79
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Southern
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Andrew Johnson
It is true this military government is to be only provisional, but it is through this temporary evil that a greater evil is to be made perpetual. If the guaranties of the Constitution can be broken provisionally to serve a temporary purpose, and in a part only of the country, we can destroy them everywhere and for all time.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    10.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    262
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.96
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Military

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
Arbitrary measures often change, but they generally change for the worse. It is the curse of despotism that it has no halting place. The intermitted exercise of its power brings no sense of security to its subjects, for they can never know what more they will be called to endure when its red right hand is armed to plague them again.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.2
  • Gunning Fog
    11.4
  • Coleman Liau
    10.2
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Statistics

  • Characters
    269
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.43

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.80
  • AFINN
    -9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05
Andrew Johnson
Nor is it possible to conjecture how or where power, unrestrained by law, may seek its next victims. The States that are still free may be enslaved at any moment; for if the Constitution does not protect all, it protects none. It is manifestly and avowedly the object of these laws to confer upon Negroes the privilege of voting and to disfranchise such a number of white citizens as will give the former a clear majority at all elections in the Southern States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.9
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    373
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    83
  • Syllables
    132
  • Words Per Sentence
    83
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.59
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
This, to the minds of some persons, is so important that a violation of the Constitution is justified as a means of bringing it about. The morality is always false which excuses a wrong because it proposes to accomplish a desirable end. We are not permitted to do evil that good may come. But in this case the end itself is evil, as well as the means.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.6
  • Gunning Fog
    12.1
  • Coleman Liau
    8.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    6.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.2
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.2
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    278
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.64
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
The subjugation of the States to Negro domination would be worse than the military despotism under which they are now suffering. It was believed beforehand that the people would endure any amount of military oppression for any length of time rather than degrade themselves by subjection to the Negro race.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    254
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    50
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    50
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.85
  • AFINN
    -9.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Topics

  • Sensitive Subjects

    Entities

  • Negro
    [Person]
Andrew Johnson
Therefore they have been left without a choice. Negro suffrage was established by act of Congress, and the military officers were commanded to superintend the process of clothing the Negro race with the political privileges torn from white men. The blacks in the South are entitled to be well and humanely governed, and to have the protection of just laws for all their rights of person and property.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.5
  • Gunning Fog
    15.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    328
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    116
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.59
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Topics

  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • South
    [Location]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Negro
    [Person]
Andrew Johnson
If it were practicable at this time to give them a Government exclusively their own, under which they might manage their own affairs in their own way, it would become a grave question whether we ought to do so, or whether common humanity would not require us to save them from themselves. But under the circumstances this is only a speculative point.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.6
  • Coleman Liau
    11.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    284
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • Law & Government/Public Safety