Andrew Johnson: State of the Union Written Message - December 9, 1868

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    48,538
  • Sentences
    311
  • Words
    10,047
  • Syllables
    16,322
  • Words Per Sentence
    10,047
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Andrew Johnson
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    3.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    50
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    18
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Upon the reassembling of Congress it again becomes my duty to call your attention to the state of the Union and to its continued disorganized condition under the various laws which have been passed upon the subject of reconstruction. It may be safely assumed as an axiom in the government of states that the greatest wrongs inflicted upon a people are caused by unjust and arbitrary legislation, or by the unrelenting decrees of despotic rulers.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    368
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.44
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
And that the timely revocation of injurious and oppressive measures is the greatest good that can be conferred upon a nation. The legislator or ruler who has the wisdom and magnanimity to retrace his steps when convinced of error will sooner or later be rewarded with the respect and gratitude of an intelligent and patriotic people.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    276
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government
Andrew Johnson
Our own history, although embracing a period less than a century, affords abundant proof that most, if not all, of our domestic troubles are directly traceable to violations of the organic law and excessive legislation. The most striking illustrations of this fact are furnished by the enactments of the past three years upon the question of reconstruction.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    295
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.75
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • less than a century
    [Date]
  • the past three years
    [Date]
Andrew Johnson
After a fair trial they have substantially failed and proved pernicious in their results, and there seems to be no good reason why they should longer remain upon the statute book. States to which the Constitution guarantees a republican form of government have been reduced to military dependencies in each of which the people have been made subject to the arbitrary will of the commanding general.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    330
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.57
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • republican
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Andrew Johnson
Although the Constitution requires that each State shall be represented in Congress, Virginia, Mississippi, and Texas are yet excluded from the two Houses, and, contrary to the express provisions of that instrument were denied participation in the recent election for a President and Vice-President of the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    266
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.36
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Mississippi
    [Country, City, State]
  • Texas
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Virginia
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Houses
    [Organization]
  • State
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The attempt to place the white population under the domination of persons of color in the South has impaired, if not destroyed, the kindly relations that had previously existed between them: and mutual distrust has engendered a feeling of animosity which leading in some instances to collision and bloodshed, has prevented that cooperation between the two races so essential to the success of industrial enterprise in the Southern States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    365
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    123
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.48
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • South
    [Location]
Andrew Johnson
Nor have the inhabitants of those States alone suffered from the disturbed condition of affairs growing out of these Congressional enactments. The entire Union has been agitated by grave apprehensions of troubles which might again involve the peace of the nation; its interests have been injuriously affected by the derangement of business and labor, and the consequent want of prosperity throughout that portion of the country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    359
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    123
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.89
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congressional
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The Federal Constitution -- the magna charta of American rights, under whose wise and salutary provisions we have successfully conducted all our domestic and foreign affairs, sustained ourselves in peace and in war, and become a great nation among the powers of the earth -- must assuredly be now adequate to the settlement of questions growing out of the civil war, waged alone for its vindication.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    325
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • the civil war
    [Event]
  • The Federal Constitution
    [Law]
  • earth
    [Location]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Andrew Johnson
This great fact is made most manifest by the condition of the country when Congress assembled in the month of December, 1865. Civil strife had ceased, the spirit of rebellion had spent its entire force, in the Southern States the people had warmed into national life, and throughout the whole country a healthy reaction in public sentiment had taken place.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    287
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • the month of December, 1865
    [Date]
  • the Southern States
    [Location]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
By the application of the simple yet effective provisions of the Constitution the executive department, with the voluntary aid of the States, had brought the work of restoration as near completion as was within the scope of its authority, and the nation was encouraged by the prospect of an early and satisfactory adjustment of all its difficulties.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    289
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.81
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Andrew Johnson
Congress, however, intervened, and, refusing to perfect the work so nearly consummated, declined to admit members from the unrepresented States, adopted a series of measures which arrested the progress of restoration, frustrated all that had been so successfully accomplished, and, after three years of agitation and strife, has left the country further from the attainment of union and fraternal feeling than at the inception of the Congressional plan of reconstruction.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    391
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.84

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.71
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • News/Politics
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • three years
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Congressional
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It needs no argument to show that legislation which has produced such baneful consequences should be abrogated, or else made to conform to the genuine principles of republican government. Under the influence of party passion and sectional prejudice, other acts have been passed not warranted by the Constitution.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    261
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    48
  • Syllables
    90
  • Words Per Sentence
    48
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.85

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.54
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • republican
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Andrew Johnson
Congress has already been made familiar with my views respecting the "tenure-of-office bill." Experience has proved that its repeal is demanded by the best interests of the country, and that while it remains in force the President can not enjoin that rigid accountability of public officers so essential to an honest and efficient execution of the laws.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    298
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • News/Politics
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Its revocation would enable the executive department to exercise the power of appointment and removal in accordance with the original design of the Federal Constitution. The act of March 2, 1867, making appropriations for the support of the Army for the year ending June 30, 1868, and for other purposes, contains provisions which interfere with the President's constitutional functions as Commander in Chief of the Army and deny to States of the Union the right to protect themselves by means of their own militia.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    413
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    139
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.64
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • March 2, 1867
    [Date]
  • the year ending June 30, 1868
    [Date]
  • the Federal Constitution
    [Law]
  • Army
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
These provisions should be at once annulled; for while the first might, in times of great emergency, seriously embarrass the Executive in efforts to employ and direct the common strength of the nation for its protection and preservation, the other is contrary to the express declaration of the Constitution that "a well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed." It is believed that the repeal of all such laws would be accepted by the American people as at least a partial return to the fundamental principles of the Government, and an indication that hereafter the Constitution is to be made the nation's safe and unerring guide.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    600
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    126
  • Syllables
    199
  • Words Per Sentence
    126
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Executive
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
They can be productive of no permanent benefit to the country, and should not be permitted to stand as so many monuments of the deficient wisdom which has characterized our recent legislation. The condition of our finances demands the early and earnest consideration of Congress. Compared with the growth of our population, the public expenditures have reached an amount unprecedented in our history.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    333
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.72
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The population of the United States in 1790 was nearly 4,000,000 people. Increasing each decade about 33 per cent, it reached in 1860 31,000,000, an increase of 700 per cent on the population in 1790. In 1869 it is estimated that it will reach 38,000,000, or an increase of 868 per cent in seventy-nine years.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    5.2
  • Gunning Fog
    11.5
  • Coleman Liau
    2.7
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    3.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    195
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    69
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.08

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.78
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02

    Topics

  • Reference
  • People & Society

    Entities

  • 38,000,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • nearly 4,000,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1790
    [Date]
  • 1860 31,000,000
    [Date]
  • 1869
    [Date]
  • each decade
    [Date]
  • seventy-nine years
    [Date]
  • 700 per cent
    [Money]
  • 868 per cent
    [Money]
  • about 33 per cent
    [Money]
Andrew Johnson
The annual expenditures of the Federal Government in 1791 were $4,200,000; in 1820, $18.200,000; in 1850, forty-one millions; in 1860, sixty-three millions; in 1865, nearly thirteen hundred millions; and in 1869 it is estimated by the Secretary of the Treasury, in his last annual report, that they will be three hundred and seventy-two millions.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    7.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    233
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    79
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.42

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.20

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • 1791
    [Cardinal Number]
  • thirteen hundred millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • three hundred and seventy-two millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 1820
    [Date]
  • 1850
    [Date]
  • 1860
    [Date]
  • 1865
    [Date]
  • 1869
    [Date]
  • annual
    [Date]
  • 18.200,000
    [Money]
  • 4,200,000
    [Money]
  • the Federal Government
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
  • forty-one millions
    [Quantity]
  • sixty-three millions
    [Quantity]
Andrew Johnson
By comparing the public disbursements of 1869, as estimated, with those of 1791, it will be seen that the increase of expenditure since the beginning of the Government has been 8,618 per cent, while the increase of the population for the same period was only 868 per cent. Again, the expenses of the Government in 1860, the year of peace immediately preceding the war, were only sixty -- three millions, while in 1869, the year of peace three years after the war it is estimated they will be three hundred and seventy-two millions, an increase of 489 per cent, while the increase of population was only 21 per cent for the same period.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    8.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    478
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    114
  • Syllables
    160
  • Words Per Sentence
    114
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.4

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.75
  • AFINN
    4.00

    Entities

  • 1791
    [Cardinal Number]
  • sixty
    [Cardinal Number]
  • three hundred and seventy-two millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • three millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 1860
    [Date]
  • 1869
    [Date]
  • the year
    [Date]
  • three years
    [Date]
  • 21 per cent
    [Money]
  • 489 per cent
    [Money]
  • 8,618 per cent
    [Money]
  • only 868 per cent
    [Money]
Andrew Johnson
These statistics further show that in 1791 the annual national expenses, compared with the population, were little more than $1 per capita, and in 1860 but $2 per capita; while in 1869 they will reach the extravagant sum of $9.78 per capita. It will be observed that all these statements refer to and exhibit the disbursements of peace periods.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    259
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.42

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.71
  • AFINN
    3.00

    Topics

  • People & Society
  • Science/Mathematics/Statistics

    Entities

  • 1791
    [Date]
  • 1860
    [Date]
  • 1869
    [Date]
  • annual
    [Date]
  • 2
    [Money]
  • 9.78
    [Money]
  • little more than $1
    [Money]
Andrew Johnson
It may, therefore, be of interest to compare the expenditures of the three war periods -- the war with Great Britain, the Mexican War, and the War of the Rebellion. In 1814 the annual expenses incident to the War of 1812 reached their highest amount -- about thirty-one millions -- while our population slightly exceeded 8,000,000, showing an expenditure of only $3.80 per capita.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    281
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.93
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • 8,000,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • three
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1814
    [Date]
  • the Mexican War
    [Event]
  • the War of 1812
    [Event]
  • the War of the Rebellion
    [Event]
  • only $3.80
    [Money]
  • about thirty-one millions
    [Time]
Andrew Johnson
In 1847 the expenditures growing out of the war with Mexico reached fifty-five millions, and the population about 21,000,000, giving only $2.60 per capita for the war expenses of that year. In 1865 the expenditures called for by the rebellion reached the vast amount of twelve hundred and ninety millions, which, compared with a population of 34,000,000, gives $38.20 per capita.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    8.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    272
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.41

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.66
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02

    Entities

  • 34,000,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • about 21,000,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1847
    [Date]
  • 1865
    [Date]
  • that year
    [Date]
  • 38.2
    [Money]
  • only $2.60
    [Money]
  • fifty-five millions
    [Quantity]
  • twelve hundred and ninety millions
    [Quantity]
Andrew Johnson
From the 4th day of March, 1789, to the 30th of June, 1861, the entire expenditures of the Government were $1,700,000,000. During that period we were engaged in wars with Great Britain and Mexico, and were involved in hostilities with powerful Indian tribes; Louisiana was purchased from France at a cost of $15,000,000; Florida was ceded to us by Spain for five millions;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.1
  • Coleman Liau
    7.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    265
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.32

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.44
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03

    Entities

  • five millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Florida
    [Country, City, State]
  • France
    [Country, City, State]
  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • Louisiana
    [Country, City, State]
  • Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
  • Spain
    [Country, City, State]
  • the 30th of June, 1861
    [Date]
  • the 4th day of March, 1789
    [Date]
  • 1,700,000,000
    [Money]
  • 15,000,000
    [Money]
  • Indian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Andrew Johnson
California was acquired from Mexico for fifteen millions, and the territory of New Mexico was obtained from Texas for the sum of ten millions.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    117
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    24
  • Syllables
    43
  • Words Per Sentence
    24
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Entities

  • fifteen millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • ten millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • California
    [Country, City, State]
  • Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
  • New Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
  • Texas
    [Country, City, State]
Andrew Johnson
Early in 1861 the War of the Rebellion commenced; and from the 1st of July of that year to the 30th of June, 1865, the public expenditures reached the enormous aggregate of thirty-three hundred millions. Three years of peace have intervened, and during that time the disbursements of the Government have successively been five hundred and twenty millions, three hundred and forty-six millions, and three hundred and ninety-three millions.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    348
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.10
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • Reference/Humanities/History

    Entities

  • three hundred and forty-six millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • three hundred and ninety-three millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 1861
    [Date]
  • the 1st of July of that year to the 30th of June, 1865
    [Date]
  • Three years
    [Date]
  • the War of the Rebellion
    [Event]
  • five hundred and twenty millions
    [Quantity]
  • thirty-three hundred millions
    [Quantity]
Andrew Johnson
Adding to these amounts three hundred and seventy-two millions, estimated as necessary for the fiscal year ending the 30th of June, 1869, we obtain a total expenditure of $1,600,000,000 during the four years immediately succeeding the war, or nearly as much as was expended during the seventy-two years that preceded the rebellion and embraced the extraordinary expenditures already named.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    304
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.30
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • the fiscal year ending the 30th of June, 1869
    [Date]
  • the four years
    [Date]
  • the seventy-two years
    [Date]
  • 1,600,000,000
    [Money]
  • three hundred and seventy-two millions
    [Quantity]
Andrew Johnson
These startling facts clearly illustrate the necessity of retrenchment in all branches of the public service. Abuses which were tolerated during the war for the preservation of the nation will not be endured by the people, now that profound peace prevails. The receipts from internal revenues and customs have during the past three years gradually diminished, and the continuance of useless and extravagant expenditures will involve us in national bankruptcy, or else make inevitable an increase of taxes.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    422
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.36
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Reference
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy/Work & Labor Issues

    Entities

  • the past three years
    [Date]
Andrew Johnson
Already too onerous and in many respects obnoxious on account of their inquisitorial character. One hundred millions annually are expended for the military force, a large portion of which is employed in the execution of laws both unnecessary and unconstitutional; one hundred and fifty millions are required each year to pay the interest on the public debt: an army of taxgatherers impoverishes the nation, and public agents, placed by Congress beyond the control of the Executive, divert from their legitimate purposes large sums of money which they collect from the people in the name of the Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    501
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    97
  • Syllables
    175
  • Words Per Sentence
    97
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.84

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.15
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Military

    Entities

  • one hundred and fifty millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • One hundred millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • each year
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Judicious legislation and prudent economy can alone remedy defects and avert evils which, if suffered to exist, can not fail to diminish confidence in the public councils and weaken the attachment and respect of the people toward their political institutions. Without proper care the small balance which it is estimated will remain in the Treasury at the close of the present fiscal year will not be realized, and additional millions be added to a debt which is now enumerated by billions.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    404
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    81
  • Syllables
    140
  • Words Per Sentence
    81
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.79
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • and additional millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • billions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the present fiscal year
    [Date]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It is shown by the able and comprehensive report of the Secretary of the Treasury that the receipts for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1868, were $405,638,083, and that the expenditures for the same period were $377,340,284, leaving in the Treasury a surplus of $28,297,798. It is estimated that the receipts during the present fiscal year, ending June 30, 1869, will be $341,392,868 and the expenditures $336,152,470, showing a small balance of $5,240,398 in favor of the Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    4.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    316
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    91
  • Syllables
    109
  • Words Per Sentence
    91
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.18

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.74
  • AFINN
    4.00

    Entities

  • the fiscal year ending June 30, 1868
    [Date]
  • the present fiscal year, ending June 30, 1869
    [Date]
  • 28,297,798
    [Money]
  • 336,152,470
    [Money]
  • 341,392,868
    [Money]
  • 377,340,284
    [Money]
  • 405,638,083
    [Money]
  • 5,240,398
    [Money]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1870, it is estimated that the receipts will amount to $327,000,000 and the expenditures to $303,000,000, leaving an estimated surplus of $24,000,000. It becomes proper in this connection to make a brief reference to our public indebtedness, which has accumulated with such alarming rapidity and assumed such colossal proportions.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    264
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.13
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • the fiscal year ending June 30, 1870
    [Date]
  • 24,000,000
    [Money]
  • 303,000,000
    [Money]
  • 327,000,000
    [Money]
Andrew Johnson
In 1789, when the Government commenced operations under the Federal Constitution, it was burdened with an indebtedness of $75,000,000, created during the War of the Revolution. This amount had been reduced to $45,000,000 when, in 1812, war was declared against Great Britain. The three years' struggle that followed largely increased the national obligations, and in 1816 they had attained the sum of $127,000,000. Wise and economical legislation, however, enabled the Government to pay the entire amount within a period of twenty years, and the extinguishment of the national debt filled the land with rejoicing and was one of the great events of President Jackson's Administration.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.5
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    518
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    111
  • Syllables
    175
  • Words Per Sentence
    111
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.54
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • three
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1789
    [Date]
  • 1812
    [Date]
  • 1816
    [Date]
  • twenty years
    [Date]
  • the War of the Revolution
    [Event]
  • the Federal Constitution
    [Law]
  • 127,000,000
    [Money]
  • 45,000,000
    [Money]
  • 75,000,000
    [Money]
  • Jackson's Administration
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
After its redemption a large fund remained in the Treasury, which was deposited for safe-keeping with the several States. on condition that it should be returned when required by the public wants. In 1849 -- the year after the termination of an expensive war with Mexico -- we found ourselves involved in a debt of $64,000,000; and this was the amount owed by the Government in 1860, just prior to the outbreak of the rebellion.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.9
  • Gunning Fog
    13.8
  • Coleman Liau
    9.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    324
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    76
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    76
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.41

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.73
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1849
    [Date]
  • 1860
    [Date]
  • the year
    [Date]
  • 64,000,000
    [Money]
  • Government
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
In the spring of 1861 our civil war commenced. Each year of its continuance made an enormous addition to the debt: and when. in the spring of 1865, the nation successfully emerged from the conflict, the obligations of the Government had reached the immense sum of $2.873,992,909. The Secretary of the Treasury shows that on the 1st day of November, 1867, this amount had been reduced to $2,491,504,450; but at the same time his report exhibits an increase during the past year of $35,625,102, for the debt on the 1st day of November last is stated to have been $2,527,129,552. It is estimated by the Secretary that the returns for the past month will add to our liabilities the further sum of $11,000,000, making a total increase during thirteen months of $46,500,000. In my message to Congress December 4, 1865, it was suggested that a policy should be devised which, without being oppressive to the people, would at once begin to effect a reduction of the debt, and, if persisted in, discharge it fully within a definite number of years.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.6
  • Coleman Liau
    6.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    745
  • Sentences
    6
  • Words
    194
  • Syllables
    259
  • Words Per Sentence
    194
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.31

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.44
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • 1861
    [Date]
  • December 4, 1865
    [Date]
  • the 1st day of November
    [Date]
  • the 1st day of November, 1867
    [Date]
  • the past month
    [Date]
  • the past year
    [Date]
  • the spring of
    [Date]
  • the spring of 1865
    [Date]
  • thirteen months
    [Date]
  • years
    [Date]
  • 11,000,000
    [Money]
  • 2,491,504,450
    [Money]
  • 2,527,129,552
    [Money]
  • 2.873,992,909
    [Money]
  • 35,625,102
    [Money]
  • 46,500,000
    [Money]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The Secretary of the Treasury forcibly recommends legislation of this character, and justly urges that the longer it is deferred the more difficult must become its accomplishment. We should follow the wise precedents established in 1789 and 1816, and without further delay make provision for the payment of our obligations at as early a period as may be practicable.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    296
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    103
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.61
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • 1789 and 1816
    [Date]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The fruits of their labors should be enjoyed by our citizens rather than used to build up and sustain moneyed monopolies in our own and other lands. Our foreign debt is already computed by the Secretary of the Treasury at $850,000,000; citizens of foreign countries receive interest upon a large portion of our securities, and American taxpayers are made to contribute large sums for their support.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    317
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Topics

  • Reference/Humanities/History

    Entities

  • 850,000,000
    [Money]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
The idea that such a debt is to become permanent should be at all times discarded as involving taxation too heavy to be borne. and payment once in every sixteen years, at the present rate of interest, of an amount equal to the original sum. This vast debt, if permitted to become permanent and increasing, must eventually be gathered into the hands of a few, and enable them to exert a dangerous and controlling power in the affairs of the Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.2
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    363
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    81
  • Syllables
    129
  • Words Per Sentence
    81
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.64
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Topics

  • Finance/Credit & Lending

    Entities

  • every sixteen years
    [Date]
Andrew Johnson
The borrowers would become servants to the lenders, the lenders the masters of the people. We now pride ourselves upon having given freedom to 4,000,000 of the colored race; it will then be our shame that 40,000,000 of people, by their own toleration of usurpation and profligacy, have suffered themselves to become enslaved, and merely exchanged slave owners for new taskmasters in the shape of bondholders and taxgatherers.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    332
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.44

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.34
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Finance/Credit & Lending/Loans

    Entities

  • 4,000,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 40,000,000
    [Cardinal Number]
Andrew Johnson
Besides, permanent debts pertain to monarchical governments, and, tending to monopolies, perpetuities, and class legislation, are totally irreconcilable with free institutions. introduced into our republican system, they would gradually but surely sap its foundations, eventually subvert our governmental fabric, and erect upon its ruins a moneyed aristocracy.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    303
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    47
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    47
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.23

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.31
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • republican
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • sap
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It is our sacred duty to transmit unimpaired to our posterity the blessings of liberty which were bequeathed to us by the founders of the Republic. and by our example teach those who are to follow us carefully to avoid the dangers which threaten a free and independent people. Various plans have been proposed for the payment of the public debt.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.7
  • Gunning Fog
    14.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    282
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.30
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03
Andrew Johnson
However they may have varied as to the time and mode in which it should be redeemed. there seems to be a general concurrence as to the propriety and justness of a reduction in the present rate of interest. The Secretary of the Treasury in his report recommends 5 per cent; Congress, in a bill passed prior to adjournment on the 27th of July last.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.9
  • Gunning Fog
    13.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    274
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.45

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.79
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Entities

  • 5
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the 27th of July last
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
Agreed upon 4 and 4 1/2 per cent; while by many 3 per cent has been held to be an amply sufficient return for the investment. The general impression as to the exorbitancy of the existing rate of interest has led to an inquiry in the public mind respecting the consideration which the Government has actually received for its bonds, and the conclusion is becoming prevalent that the amount which it obtained was in real money three or four hundred per cent less than the obligations which it issued in return.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    408
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    92
  • Syllables
    134
  • Words Per Sentence
    92
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • 4
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 4 1/2
    [Cardinal Number]
  • three or four hundred
    [Cardinal Number]
  • many 3 per cent
    [Money]
  • Government
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
It can not be denied that we are paying an extravagant percentage for the use of the money borrowed, which was paper currency, greatly depreciated below the value of coin. This fact is made apparent when we consider that bondholders receive from the Treasury upon each dollar they own in Government securities 6 per cent in gold, which is nearly or quite equal to 9 per cent in currency;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    312
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.78
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • 6 per cent
    [Money]
  • 9 per cent
    [Money]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Andrew Johnson
That the bonds are then converted into capital for the national banks, upon which those institutions issue their circulation, bearing 6 per cent interest; and that they are exempt from taxation by the Government and the States, and thereby enhanced 2 per cent in the hands of the holders.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    233
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    77
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.53
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 2 per cent
    [Money]
  • 6 per cent
    [Money]
Andrew Johnson
We thus have an aggregate of 17 per cent which may be received upon each dollar by the owners of Government securities. A system that produces such results is justly regarded as favoring a few at the expense of the many, and has led to the further inquiry whether our bondholders, in view of the large profits which they have enjoyed, would themselves be averse to a settlement of our indebtedness upon a plan which would yield them a fair remuneration and at the same time be just to the taxpayers of the nation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    413
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    94
  • Syllables
    141
  • Words Per Sentence
    94
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • 17 per cent
    [Money]
Andrew Johnson
Our national credit should be sacredly observed, but in making provision for our creditors we should not forget what is due to the masses of the people. It may be assumed that the holders of our securities have already received upon their bonds a larger amount than their original investment, measured by a gold standard.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    263
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Topics

  • Finance/Credit & Lending
Andrew Johnson
Upon this statement of facts it would seem but just and equitable that the 6 per cent interest now paid by the Government should be applied to the reduction of the principal in semiannual installments, which in sixteen years and eight months would liquidate the entire national debt. Six per cent in gold would at present rates be equal to 9 per cent in currency, and equivalent to the payment of the debt one and a half times in a fraction less than seventeen years.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    377
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    85
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    85
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.41

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.36
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • one and a half
    [Cardinal Number]
  • eight months
    [Date]
  • semiannual
    [Date]
  • sixteen years
    [Date]
  • 6 per cent
    [Money]
  • 9 per cent
    [Money]
  • Six per cent
    [Money]
  • Government
    [Organization]
  • a fraction less than seventeen years
    [Quantity]
Andrew Johnson
This, in connection with all the other advantages derived from their investment, would afford to the public creditors a fair and liberal compensation for the use of their capital, and with this they should be satisfied. The lessons of the past admonish the lender that it is not well to be over-anxious in exacting from the borrower rigid compliance with the letter of the bond.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    308
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.65
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • Finance
  • Business & Industrial
Andrew Johnson
If provision be made for the payment of the indebtedness of the Government in the manner suggested, our nation will rapidly recover its wonted prosperity. Its interests require that some measure should be taken to release the large amount of capital invested in the securities of the Government. It is not now merely unproductive, but in taxation annually consumes $150,000,000, which would otherwise be used by our enterprising people in adding to the wealth of the nation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    380
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    79
  • Syllables
    135
  • Words Per Sentence
    79
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Topics

  • Finance
  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • 150,000,000
    [Money]