James Buchanan: State of the Union Written Message - December 8, 1857

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    66,653
  • Sentences
    406
  • Words
    13,847
  • Syllables
    22,381
  • Words Per Sentence
    13,847
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
James Buchanan
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    3.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    50
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    18
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
In obedience to the command of the Constitution, it has now become my duty "to give to Congress information of the state of the Union and recommend to their consideration such measures" as I judge to be "necessary and expedient." But first and above all, our thanks are due to Almighty God for the numerous benefits which He has bestowed upon this people, and our united prayers ought to ascend to Him that He would continue to bless our great Republic in time to come as He has blessed it in time past.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    418
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    96
  • Syllables
    148
  • Words Per Sentence
    96
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    13.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
Since the adjournment of the last Congress our constituents have enjoyed an unusual degree of health. The earth has yielded her fruits abundantly and has bountifully rewarded the toil of the husbandman. Our great staples have commanded high prices, and up till within a brief period our manufacturing, mineral, and mechanical occupations have largely partaken of the general prosperity.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    322
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.85

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.89
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.06

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • earth
    [Location]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
We have possessed all the elements of material wealth in rich abundance, and yet, notwithstanding all these advantages, our country in its monetary interests is at the present moment in a deplorable condition. In the midst of unsurpassed plenty in all the productions of agriculture and in all the elements of national wealth, we find our manufactures suspended, our public works retarded, our private enterprises of different kinds abandoned, and thousands of useful laborers thrown out of employment and reduced to want.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    432
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    82
  • Syllables
    147
  • Words Per Sentence
    82
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.78
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • thousands
    [Cardinal Number]
James Buchanan
The revenue of the Government, which is chiefly derived from duties on imports from abroad, has been greatly reduced, whilst the appropriations made by Congress at its last session for the current fiscal year are very large in amount. Under these circumstances a loan may be required before the close of your present session;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    267
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the current fiscal year
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
But this, although deeply to be regretted, would prove to be only a slight misfortune when compared with the suffering and distress prevailing among the people.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    132
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    26
  • Syllables
    44
  • Words Per Sentence
    26
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.93
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.16
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07
James Buchanan
With this the Government can not fail deeply to sympathize, though it may be without the power to extend relief. It is our duty to inquire what has produced such unfortunate results and whether their recurrence can be prevented. In all former revulsions the blame might have been fairly attributed to a variety of cooperating causes, but not so upon the present occasion.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.9
  • Gunning Fog
    14.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    304
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    104
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.17
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05
James Buchanan
It is apparent that our existing misfortunes have proceeded solely from our extravagant and vicious system of paper currency and bank credits, exciting the people to wild speculations and gambling in stocks. These revulsions must continue to recur at successive intervals so long as the amount of the paper currency and bank loans and discounts of the country shall be left to the discretion of 1,400 irresponsible banking institutions, which from the very law of their nature will consult the interest of their stockholders rather than the public welfare.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    459
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    150
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.66
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • 1,400
    [Cardinal Number]
James Buchanan
The framers of the Constitution, when they gave to Congress the power "to coin money and to regulate the value thereof" and prohibited the States from coining money, emitting bills of credit, or making anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts, supposed they had protected the people against the evils of an excessive and irredeemable paper currency.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    311
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.08
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
They are not responsible for the existing anomaly that a Government endowed with the sovereign attribute of coining money and regulating the value thereof should have no power to prevent others from driving this coin out of the country and filling up the channels of circulation with paper which does not represent gold and silver.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    276
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.17
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial
James Buchanan
It is one of the highest and most responsible duties of Government to insure to the people a sound circulating medium, the amount of which ought to be adapted with the utmost possible wisdom and skill to the wants of internal trade and foreign exchanges. If this be either greatly above or greatly below the proper standard, the marketable value of every man's property is increased or diminished in the same proportion, and injustice to individuals as well as incalculable evils to the community are the consequence.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    425
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    87
  • Syllables
    148
  • Words Per Sentence
    87
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.49
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • Government
    [Organization]
  • man's
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
Unfortunately, under the construction of the Federal Constitution which has now prevailed too long to be changed this important and delicate duty has been dissevered from the coining power and virtually transferred to more than 1,400 State banks acting independently of each other and regulating their paper issues almost exclusively by a regard to the present interest of their stockholders.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    326
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.42
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • more than 1,400
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the Federal Constitution
    [Law]
  • State
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
Exercising the sovereign power of providing a paper currency instead of coin for the country, the first duty which these banks owe to the public is to keep in their vaults a sufficient amount of gold and silver to insure the convertibility of their notes into coin at all times and under all circumstances.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    251
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    86
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing/Currencies & Foreign Exchange

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
James Buchanan
No bank ought ever to be chartered without such restrictions on its business as to secure this result. All other restrictions are comparatively vain. This is the only true touchstone, the only efficient regulator of a paper currency -- the only one which can guard the public against overissues and bank suspensions.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.4
  • Gunning Fog
    13.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    259
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    90
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.46
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Finance
James Buchanan
As a collateral and eventual security, it is doubtless wise, and in all cases ought to be required, that banks shall hold an amount of United States or State securities equal to their notes in circulation and pledged for their redemption. This, however, furnishes no adequate security against overissue. On the contrary, it may be perverted to inflate the currency.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    297
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    108
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.64
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Entities

  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
James Buchanan
Indeed, it is possible by this means to convert all the debts of the United States and State Governments into bank notes, without reference to the specie required to redeem them. However valuable these securities may be in themselves, they can not be converted into gold and silver at the moment of pressure, as our experience teaches, in sufficient time to prevent bank suspensions and the depreciation of bank notes.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    342
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.72
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • State Governments
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
In England, which is to a considerable extent a paper-money country, though vastly behind our own in this respect, it was deemed advisable, anterior to the act of Parliament of 1844, which wisely separated the issue of notes from the banking department, for the Bank of England always to keep on hand gold and silver equal to one-third of its combined circulation and deposits.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    301
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    103
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Entities

  • one-third
    [Cardinal Number]
  • England
    [Country, City, State]
  • Parliament of 1844
    [Organization]
  • the Bank of England
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
If this proportion was no more than sufficient to secure the convertibility of its notes with the whole of Great Britain and to some extent the continent of Europe as a field for its circulation, rendering it almost impossible that a sudden and immediate run to a dangerous amount should be made upon it, the same proportion would certainly be insufficient under our banking system.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    315
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • Europe
    [Location]
James Buchanan
Each of our 1,400 banks has but a limited circumference for its circulation, and in the course of a very few days the depositors and note holders might demand from such a bank a sufficient amount in specie to compel it to suspend, even although it had coin in its vaults equal to one-third of its immediate liabilities.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    253
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.80
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • 1,400
    [Cardinal Number]
  • one-third
    [Cardinal Number]
  • a very few days
    [Date]
James Buchanan
And yet I am not aware, with the exception of the banks of Louisiana, that any State bank throughout the Union has been required by its charter to keep this or any other proportion of gold and silver compared with the amount of its combined circulation and deposits. What has been the consequence? In a recent report made by the Treasury Department on the condition of the banks throughout the different States, according to returns dated nearest to January, 1857, the aggregate amount of actual specie in their vaults is $58,349,838, of their circulation $214,778,822, and of their deposits $230,351,352. Thus it appears that these banks in the aggregate have considerably less than one dollar in seven of gold and silver compared with their circulation and deposits.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.1
  • Coleman Liau
    10.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    592
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    133
  • Syllables
    199
  • Words Per Sentence
    133
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.20
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • seven
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Louisiana
    [Country, City, State]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • January, 1857
    [Date]
  • 214,778,822
    [Money]
  • 230,351,352
    [Money]
  • 58,349,838
    [Money]
  • less than one dollar
    [Money]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the Treasury Department
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
It was palpable, therefore, that the very first pressure must drive them to suspension and deprive the people of a convertible currency, with all its disastrous consequences. It is truly wonderful that they should have so long continued to preserve their credit when a demand for the payment of one-seventh of their immediate liabilities would have driven them into insolvency.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    312
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.38
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Entities

  • one-seventh
    [Cardinal Number]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
James Buchanan
And this is the condition of the banks, notwithstanding that four hundred millions of gold from California have flowed in upon us within the last eight years, and the tide still continues to flow. Indeed, such has been the extravagance of bank credits that the banks now hold a considerably less amount of specie, either in proportion to their capital or to their circulation and deposits combined, than they did before the discovery of gold in California.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    373
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    126
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.36
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • four hundred millions
    [Cardinal Number]
  • California
    [Country, City, State]
  • the last eight years
    [Date]
James Buchanan
Whilst in the year 1848 their specie in proportion to their capital was more than equal to one dollar for four and a half, in 1857 it does not amount to one dollar for every six dollars and thirty-three cents of their capital. In the year 1848 the specie was equal within a very small fraction to one dollar in five of their circulation and deposits;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.0
  • Coleman Liau
    7.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    269
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.34

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing

    Entities

  • five
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 1857
    [Date]
  • four and a half
    [Date]
  • the year 1848
    [Date]
  • every six dollars
    [Money]
  • fraction to one dollar
    [Money]
  • one dollar
    [Money]
  • thirty-three cents
    [Money]
James Buchanan
In 1857 it is not equal to one dollar in seven and a half of their circulation and deposits.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.0
  • Gunning Fog
    11.8
  • Coleman Liau
    5.6
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    5.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    1.8
  • Sprache
    3.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    1.8
  • Sprache
    3.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    69
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    19
  • Syllables
    26
  • Words Per Sentence
    19
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.37

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Entities

  • seven and a half
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 1857
    [Date]
  • one dollar
    [Money]
James Buchanan
From this statement it is easy to account for our financial history for the last forty years. It has been a history of extravagant expansions in the business of the country, followed by ruinous contractions. At successive intervals the best and most enterprising men have been tempted to their ruin by excessive bank loans of mere paper credit, exciting them to extravagant importations of foreign goods, wild speculations, and ruinous and demoralizing stock gambling.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    388
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    127
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.75
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • the last forty years
    [Date]
James Buchanan
When the crisis arrives, as arrive it must, the banks can extend no relief to the people. In a vain struggle to redeem their liabilities in specie they are compelled to contract their loans and their issues, and at last, in the hour of distress, when their assistance is most needed, they and their debtors together sink into insolvency.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.5
  • Coleman Liau
    11.2
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    271
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    87
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.46

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.93
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Entities

  • the hour
    [Time]
James Buchanan
It is this paper system of extravagant expansion, raising the nominal price of every article far beyond its real value when compared with the cost of similar articles in countries whose circulation is wisely regulated, which has prevented us from competing in our own markets with foreign manufacturers, has produced extravagant importations, and has counteracted the effect of the large incidental protection afforded to our domestic manufactures by the present revenue tariff.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    402
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    144
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.96

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.65
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial
James Buchanan
But for this the branches of our manufactures composed of raw materials, the production of our own country -- such as cotton, iron, and woolen fabrics -- would not only have acquired almost exclusive possession of the home market, but would have created for themselves a foreign market throughout the world.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    248
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    85
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.42
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial
James Buchanan
Deplorable, however, as may be our present financial condition, we may yet indulge in bright hopes for the future. No other nation has ever existed which could have endured such violent expansions and contractions of paper credits without lasting injury; yet the buoyancy of youth, the energies of our population, and the spirit which never quails before difficulties will enable us soon to recover from our present financial embarrassments, and may even occasion us speedily to forget the lesson which they have taught.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    429
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    83
  • Syllables
    140
  • Words Per Sentence
    83
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.51
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy
James Buchanan
In the meantime it is the duty of the Government, by all proper means within its power, to aid in alleviating the sufferings of the people occasioned by the suspension of the banks and to provide against a recurrence of the same calamity. Unfortunately, in either aspect of the ease it can do but little.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.1
  • Coleman Liau
    10.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    245
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    86
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.01
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08
James Buchanan
Thanks to the independent treasury, the Government has not suspended payment, as it was compelled to do by the failure of the banks in 1837. It will continue to discharge its liabilities to the people in gold and silver.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    14.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.2
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.2
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    174
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    39
  • Syllables
    59
  • Words Per Sentence
    39
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.33
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Finance
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • 1837
    [Date]
  • Government
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
Its disbursements in coin will pass into circulation and materially assist in restoring a sound currency. From its high credit, should we be compelled to make a temporary loan, it can be effected on advantageous terms. This, however, shall if possible be avoided, but if not, then the amount shall be limited to the lowest practicable sum.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.5
  • Gunning Fog
    16.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    274
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.49
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing
James Buchanan
I have therefore determined that whilst no useful Government works already in progress shall be suspended, new works not already commenced will be postponed if this can be done without injury to the country. Those necessary for its defense shall proceed as though there had been no crisis in our monetary affairs.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    259
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    90
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.61
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Entities

  • Government
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
But the Federal Government can not do much to provide against a recurrence of existing evils. Even if insurmountable constitutional objections did not exist against the creation of a national bank, this would furnish no adequate preventive security. The history of the last Bank of the United States abundantly proves the truth of this assertion.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    288
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.84

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.65
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Bank of the United States
    [Organization]
  • the Federal Government
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
Such a bank could not, if it would, regulate the issues and credits of 1,400 State banks in such a manner as to prevent the ruinous expansions and contractions in our currency which afflicted the country throughout the existence of the late bank, or secure us against future suspensions. In 1825 an effort was made by the Bank of England to curtail the issues of the country banks under the most favorable circumstances.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    334
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.29
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • 1,400
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 1825
    [Date]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the Bank of England
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
The paper currency had been expanded to a ruinous extent, and the bank put forth all its power to contract it in order to reduce prices and restore the equilibrium of the foreign exchanges. It accordingly commenced a system of curtailment of its loans and issues, in the vain hope that the joint stock and private banks of the Kingdom would be compelled to follow its example.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.6
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    306
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    105
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.30
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing/Currencies & Foreign Exchange

    Entities

  • Kingdom
    [Country, City, State]
James Buchanan
It found, however, that as it contracted they expanded, and at the end of the process, to employ the language of a very high official authority, "whatever reduction of the paper circulation was effected by the Bank of England (in 1825) was more than made up by the issues of the country banks." But a bank of the United States would not, if it could, restrain the issues and loans of the State banks, because its duty as a regulator of the currency must often be in direct conflict with the immediate interest of its stockholders.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    425
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    98
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    98
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.72
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1825
    [Date]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the Bank of England
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
If we expect one agent to restrain or control another, their interests must, at least in some degree, be antagonistic. But the directors of a bank of the United States would feel the same interest and the same inclination with the directors of the State banks to expand the currency, to accommodate their favorites and friends with loans, and to declare large dividends.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    301
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • State
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
Such has been our experience in regard to the last bank. After all, we must mainly rely upon the patriotism and wisdom of the States for the prevention and redress of the evil. If they will afford us a real specie basis for our paper circulation by increasing the denomination of bank notes, first to twenty and afterwards to fifty dollars;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.9
  • Gunning Fog
    12.7
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    275
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.25
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • twenty
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • fifty dollars
    [Money]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
James Buchanan
If they will require that the banks shall at all times keep on hand at least one dollar of gold and silver for every three dollars of their circulation and deposits, and if they will provide by a self-executing enactment, which nothing can arrest, that the moment they suspend they shall go into liquidation, I believe that such provisions, with a weekly publication by each bank of a statement of its condition, would go far to secure us against future suspensions of specie payments.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    394
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    85
  • Syllables
    132
  • Words Per Sentence
    85
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.65
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • weekly
    [Date]
  • at least one dollar
    [Money]
  • every three dollars
    [Money]
James Buchanan
Congress, in my opinion, possess the power to pass a uniform bankrupt law applicable to all banking institutions throughout the United States, and I strongly recommend its exercise. This would make it the irreversible organic law of each bank's existence that a suspension of specie payments shall produce its civil death.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    266
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    86
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.44
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
The instinct of self-preservation would then compel it to perform its duties in such a manner as to escape the penalty and preserve its life. The existence of banks and the circulation of bank paper are so identified with the habits of our people that they can not at this day be suddenly abolished without much immediate injury to the country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.2
  • Coleman Liau
    10.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    281
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.01
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • this day
    [Date]
James Buchanan
If we could confine them to their appropriate sphere and prevent them from administering to the spirit of wild and reckless speculation by extravagant loans and issues, they might be continued with advantage to the public. But this I say, after long and much reflection: If experience shall prove it to be impossible to enjoy the facilities which well-regulated banks might afford without at the same time suffering the calamities which the excesses of the banks have hitherto inflicted upon the country, it would then be far the lesser evil to deprive them altogether of the power to issue a paper currency and confine them to the functions of banks of deposit and discount.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    555
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    115
  • Syllables
    186
  • Words Per Sentence
    115
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.90
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
James Buchanan
Our relations with foreign governments are upon the whole in a satisfactory condition. The diplomatic difficulties which existed between the Government of the United States and that of Great Britain at the adjournment of the last Congress have been happily terminated by the appointment of a British minister to this country, who has been cordially received.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    300
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
Whilst it is greatly to the interest, as I am convinced it is the sincere desire, of the Governments and people of the two countries to be on terms of intimate friendship with each other, it has been our misfortune almost always to have had some irritating, if not dangerous, outstanding question with Great Britain.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    256
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    84
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • Governments
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
Since the origin of the Government we have been employed in negotiating treaties with that power, and afterwards in discussing their true intent and meaning. In this respect the convention of April 19, 1850, commonly called the Clayton and Bulwer treaty, has been the most unfortunate of all, because the two Governments place directly opposite and contradictory constructions upon its first and most important article.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    342
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.43
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • April 19, 1850
    [Date]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Bulwer
    [Person]
  • Clayton
    [Person]
James Buchanan
Whilst in the United States we believed that this treaty would place both powers upon an exact equality by the stipulation that neither will ever "occupy, or fortify, or colonize, or assume, or exercise any dominion" over any part of Central America, it is contended by the British Government that the true construction of this language has left them in the rightful possession of all that portion of Central America which was in their occupancy at the date of the treaty;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    392
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    82
  • Syllables
    137
  • Words Per Sentence
    82
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.68
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • People & Society

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Central America
    [Location]
  • the British Government
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
In fact, that the treaty is a virtual recognition on the part of the United States of the right of Great Britain, either as owner or protector, to the whole extensive coast of Central America, sweeping round from the Rio Hondo to the port and harbor of San Juan de Nicaragua, together with the adjacent Bay Islands, except the comparatively small portion of this between the Sarstoon and Cape Honduras.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    326
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.78
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Reference
  • People & Society

    Entities

  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • San Juan de Nicaragua
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Rio Hondo
    [Infrastructure]
  • Bay Islands
    [Location]
  • Central America
    [Location]
  • Sarstoon
    [Location]
  • Cape Honduras
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
James Buchanan
According to their construction, the treaty does no more than simply prohibit them from extending their possessions in Central America beyond the present limits. It is not too much to assert that if in the United States the treaty had been considered susceptible of such a construction it never would have been negotiated under the authority of the President, nor would it have received the approbation of the Senate.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    345
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Central America
    [Location]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
James Buchanan
The universal conviction in the United States was that when our Government consented to violate its traditional and time-honored policy and to stipulate with a foreign government never to occupy or acquire territory in the Central American portion of our own continent, the consideration for this sacrifice was that Great Britain should, in this respect at least, be placed in the same position with ourselves.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    341
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.81
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Entities

  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Central American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]