Calvin Coolidge: State of the Union Address - December 6, 1923

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.4
  • Gunning Fog
    14.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    33,479
  • Sentences
    368
  • Words
    6,748
  • Syllables
    11,428
  • Words Per Sentence
    6,748
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • People & Society
Calvin Coolidge
Since the close of the last Congress the Nation has lost President Harding. The world knew his kindness and his humanity, his greatness and his character. He has left his mark upon history. He has made justice more certain and peace more secure. The surpassing tribute paid to his memory as he was borne across the continent to rest at last at home revealed the place lie held in the hearts of the American people.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    6.8
  • Gunning Fog
    9.2
  • Coleman Liau
    10.4
  • SMOG
    10.0
  • ARI
    7.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    334
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.4

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Harding
    [Person]
Calvin Coolidge
But this is not the occasion for extended reference to the man or his work. In this presence, among these who knew and loved him, that is unnecessary. But we who were associated with him could not resume together the functions of our office without pausing for a moment, and in his memory reconsecrating ourselves to the service of our country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.7
  • Gunning Fog
    14.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    278
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.75
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
Calvin Coolidge
He is gone. We remain. It is our duty, under the inspiration of his example, to take up the burdens which he was permitted to lay down, and to develop and support the wise principles of government which he represented.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.6
  • Gunning Fog
    12.3
  • Coleman Liau
    9.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    5.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.8
  • Sprache
    3.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.8
  • Sprache
    3.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    173
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    40
  • Syllables
    60
  • Words Per Sentence
    40
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.77
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02
Header
FOREIGN AFFAIRS

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.8
  • Gunning Fog
    0.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    14
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    2
  • Syllables
    4
  • Words Per Sentence
    2
  • Syllables Per Word
    2

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    12.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01
Calvin Coolidge
For us peace reigns everywhere. We desire to perpetuate it always by granting full justice to others and requiring of others full justice to ourselves. Our country has one cardinal principle to maintain in its foreign policy. It is an American principle. It must be an American policy. We attend to our own affairs, conserve our own strength, and protect the interests of our own citizens;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.2
  • Gunning Fog
    10.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    6.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    316
  • Sentences
    6
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    109
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.55
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Topics

  • Sports/Combat Sports

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • us
    [Country, City, State]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Calvin Coolidge
But we recognize thoroughly our obligation to help others, reserving to the decision of our own Judgment the time, the place, and the method.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    114
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    24
  • Syllables
    39
  • Words Per Sentence
    24
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.30
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
Calvin Coolidge
We realize the common bond of humanity. We know the inescapable law of service. Our country has definitely refused to adopt and ratify the covenant of the League of Nations. We have not felt warranted in assuming the responsibilities which its members have assumed. I am not proposing any change in this policy;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.0
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    6.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    254
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Topics

  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • the League of Nations
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
Neither is the Senate.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    3.7
  • Gunning Fog
    1.6
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    1.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    1.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    1.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    18
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    4
  • Syllables
    6
  • Words Per Sentence
    4
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Senate
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
The incident, so far as we are concerned, is closed. The League exists as a foreign agency. We hope it will be helpful. But the United States sees no reason to limit its own freedom and independence of action by joining it. We shall do well to recognize this basic fact in all national affairs and govern ourselves accordingly.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    6.6
  • Gunning Fog
    8.8
  • Coleman Liau
    10.3
  • SMOG
    10.0
  • ARI
    5.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    262
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.72
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Header
WORLD COURT

    Grade Level Score

  • Gunning Fog
    0.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    3.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    0.1
  • Sprache
    1.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    0.1
  • Sprache
    1.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    10
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    2
  • Syllables
    2
  • Words Per Sentence
    2
  • Syllables Per Word
    1

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
Calvin Coolidge
Our foreign policy has always been guided by two principles. The one is the avoidance of permanent political alliances which would sacrifice our proper independence. The other is the peaceful settlement of controversies between nations. By example and by treaty we have advocated arbitration. For nearly 25 years we have been a member of The Hague Tribunal, and have long sought the creation of a permanent World Court of Justice.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.8
  • Gunning Fog
    13.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    353
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    120
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.77
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • People & Society/Social Sciences/Political Science
  • Reference

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • nearly 25 years
    [Date]
  • The Hague Tribunal
    [Organization]
  • World Court of Justice
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
I am in full accord with both of these policies. I favor the establishment of such a court intended to include the whole world. That is, and has long been, an American policy. Pending before the Senate is a proposal that this Government give its support to the Permanent Court of International Justice, which is a new and somewhat different plan.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.7
  • Gunning Fog
    10.7
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    7.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    279
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Autos & Vehicles

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the Permanent Court of International Justice
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
This is not a partisan question. It should not assume an artificial importance. The court is merely a convenient instrument of adjustment to which we could go, but to which we could not be brought. It should be discussed with entire candor, not by a political but by a judicial method, without pressure and without prejudice.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.8
  • Gunning Fog
    12.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.8
  • SMOG
    11.8
  • ARI
    7.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    263
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
Calvin Coolidge
Partisanship has no place in our foreign relations. As I wish to see a court established, and as the proposal presents the only practical plan on which many nations have ever agreed, though it may not meet every desire, I therefore commend it to the favorable consideration of the Senate, with the proposed reservations clearly indicating our refusal to adhere to the League of Nations.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    316
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.77
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • People & Society

    Entities

  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the League of Nations
    [Organization]
Header
RUSSIA

    Grade Level Score

  • Gunning Fog
    0.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    7.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    0.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    0.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    6
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    1
  • Syllables
    1
  • Words Per Sentence
    1
  • Syllables Per Word
    1

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • RUSSIA
    [Country, City, State]
Calvin Coolidge
Our diplomatic relations, lately so largely interrupted, are now being resumed, but Russia presents notable difficulties. We have every desire to see that great people, who are our traditional friends, restored to their position among the nations of the earth. We have relieved their pitiable destitution with an.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.5
  • Gunning Fog
    15.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    258
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    48
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    48
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.33
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Russia
    [Country, City, State]
Calvin Coolidge
Enormous charity. Our Government offers no objection to the carrying on of commerce by our citizens with the people of Russia. Our Government does not propose, however, to enter into relations with another regime which refuses to recognize the sanctity of international obligations. I do not propose to barter away for the privilege of trade any of the cherished rights of humanity.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.8
  • Gunning Fog
    15.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    315
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.51
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • Russia
    [Country, City, State]
Calvin Coolidge
I do not propose to make merchandise of any American principles. These rights and principles must go wherever the sanctions of our Government go. But while the favor of America is not for sale, I am willing to make very large concessions for the purpose of rescuing the people of Russia. Already encouraging evidences of returning to the ancient ways of society can be detected.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.7
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    309
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • America
    [Country, City, State]
  • Russia
    [Country, City, State]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Calvin Coolidge
But more are needed. Whenever there appears any disposition to compensate our citizens who were despoiled, and to recognize that debt contracted with our Government, not by the Czar, but by the newly formed Republic of Russia; whenever the active spirit of enmity to our institutions is abated; whenever there appear works mete for repentance;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    282
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.75
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Entities

  • Republic of Russia
    [Country, City, State]
Calvin Coolidge
Our country ought to be the first to go to the economic and moral rescue of Russia.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.0
  • Gunning Fog
    9.2
  • Coleman Liau
    7.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    5.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    3.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    3.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    66
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    17
  • Syllables
    22
  • Words Per Sentence
    17
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.35

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.22
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Entities

  • Russia
    [Country, City, State]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Calvin Coolidge
We have every desire to help and no desire to injure. We hope the time is near at hand when we can act.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    3.3
  • Gunning Fog
    6.3
  • Coleman Liau
    4.4
  • SMOG
    7.3
  • ARI
    0.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    1.3
  • Sprache
    2.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    1.3
  • Sprache
    2.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    79
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    23
  • Syllables
    31
  • Words Per Sentence
    23
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.22

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.15
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Sensitive Subjects
Header
DEBTS

    Grade Level Score

  • Gunning Fog
    0.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    2.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    0.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    0.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    5
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    1
  • Syllables
    1
  • Words Per Sentence
    1
  • Syllables Per Word
    1

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03
Calvin Coolidge
The current debt and interest due from foreign Governments, exclusive of the British debt of $4,600,000,000, is about $7,200,000,000. 1 do not favor the cancellation of this debt, but I see no objection to adjusting it in accordance with the principle adopted for the British debt. Our country would not wish to assume the role of an oppressive creditor, but would maintain the principle that financial obligations between nations are likewise moral obligations which international faith and honor require should be discharged.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    410
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    88
  • Syllables
    137
  • Words Per Sentence
    88
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • 1
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 4,600,000,000
    [Money]
  • about $7,200,000,000
    [Money]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Calvin Coolidge
Our Government has a liquidated claim against Germany for the expense of the army of occupation of over $255,000,000. Besides this, the Mixed Claims Commission have before them about 12,500 claims of American citizens, aggregating about $1,225,000,000. These claims have already been reduced by a recent decision, but there are valid claims reaching well toward $500,000,000. Our thousands of citizens with credits due them of hundreds of millions of dollars have no redress save in the action of our Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    12.9
  • Coleman Liau
    9.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    382
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    88
  • Syllables
    129
  • Words Per Sentence
    88
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.45

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • about 12,500
    [Cardinal Number]
  • thousands
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Germany
    [Country, City, State]
  • 255,000,000
    [Money]
  • 500,000,000
    [Money]
  • about $1,225,000,000
    [Money]
  • hundreds of millions of dollars
    [Money]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • the Mixed Claims Commission
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
These are very substantial interests, which it is the duty of our Government to protect as best it can. That course I propose to pursue. It is for these reasons that we have a direct interest in the economic recovery of Europe. They are enlarged by our desire for the stability of civilization and the welfare of humanity.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.2
  • Gunning Fog
    12.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    6.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.3
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.3
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    260
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.48
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.08

    Entities

  • Europe
    [Location]
Calvin Coolidge
That we are making sacrifices to that end none can deny. Our deferred interest alone amounts to a million dollars every day. But recently we offered to aid with our advice and counsel. We have reiterated our desire to see France paid and Germany revived. We have proposed disarmament. We have earnestly sought to compose differences and restore peace.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.8
  • Gunning Fog
    10.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.0
  • ARI
    6.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    287
  • Sentences
    6
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.29
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • France
    [Country, City, State]
  • Germany
    [Country, City, State]
  • a million dollars
    [Money]
Calvin Coolidge
We shall persevere in well-doing, not by force, but by reason.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    3.8
  • Gunning Fog
    8.1
  • Coleman Liau
    7.7
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    3.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    2.4

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    2.4

    Statistics

  • Characters
    48
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    12
  • Syllables
    16
  • Words Per Sentence
    12
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.25

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    16.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04
Header
FOREIGN PAPERS

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.8
  • Gunning Fog
    0.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    10.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    1.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    1.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    13
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    2
  • Syllables
    4
  • Words Per Sentence
    2
  • Syllables Per Word
    2

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.23
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02
Calvin Coolidge
Under the law the papers pertaining to foreign relations to be printed are transmitted as a part of this message. Other volumes of these papers will follow.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.0
  • Gunning Fog
    9.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    10.3
  • ARI
    7.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.2
  • Sprache
    2.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.2
  • Sprache
    2.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    128
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    27
  • Syllables
    46
  • Words Per Sentence
    27
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.68
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government
Header
FOREIGN SERVICE

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.8
  • Gunning Fog
    0.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    14
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    2
  • Syllables
    4
  • Words Per Sentence
    2
  • Syllables Per Word
    2

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
Calvin Coolidge
The foreign service of our Government needs to be reorganized and improved.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.8
  • Gunning Fog
    8.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    2.5

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    2.5

    Statistics

  • Characters
    63
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    12
  • Syllables
    21
  • Words Per Sentence
    12
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.60
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
Header
FISCAL CONDITION

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    0.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    15
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    2
  • Syllables
    5
  • Words Per Sentence
    2
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.66
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
Calvin Coolidge
Our main problems are domestic problems. Financial stability is the first requisite of sound government. We can not escape the effect of world conditions. We can not avoid the inevitable results of the economic disorders which have reached all nations. But we shall diminish their harm to us in proportion as we continue to restore our Government finances to a secure and endurable position.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.7
  • Gunning Fog
    14.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    323
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.33
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03
Calvin Coolidge
This we can and must do. Upon that firm foundation rests the only hope of progress and prosperity. From that source must come relief for the people. This is being, accomplished by a drastic but orderly retrenchment, which is bringing our expenses within our means. The origin of this has been the determination of the American people, the main support has been the courage of those in authority, and the effective method has been the Budget System.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.8
  • Gunning Fog
    11.4
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    11.7
  • ARI
    8.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    363
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.71
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • the Budget System
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
The result has involved real sacrifice by department heads, but it has been made without flinching. This system is a law of the Congress. It represents your will. It must be maintained, and ought to be strengthened by the example of your observance. Without a Budget System there can be no fixed responsibility and no constructive scientific economy.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.9
  • Gunning Fog
    10.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    10.9
  • ARI
    7.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    286
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.42
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
This great concentration of effort by the administration and Congress has brought the expenditures, exclusive of the self-supporting Post. Office Department, down to three billion dollars. It is possible, in consequence, to make a large reduction in the taxes of the people, which is the sole object of all curtailment.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.9
  • Gunning Fog
    14.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    261
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    86
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.36
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • three billion dollars
    [Money]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Office Department
    [Organization]
  • Post.
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
This is treated at greater length in the Budget message, and a proposed plan has been presented in detail in a statement by the Secretary of the Treasury which has my unqualified approval. I especially commend a decrease on earned incomes, and further abolition of admission, message, and nuisance taxes.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    249
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    50
  • Syllables
    87
  • Words Per Sentence
    50
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.77
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Treasury
    [Organization]
  • Budget
    [Person]
Calvin Coolidge
Tile amusement and educational value of moving pictures ought not to be taxed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.4
  • Gunning Fog
    11.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    8.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    2.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    2.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    65
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    13
  • Syllables
    26
  • Words Per Sentence
    13
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
Calvin Coolidge
Diminishing charges against moderate incomes from investment will afford immense relief, while a revision of the surtaxes will not only provide additional money for capital investment, thus stimulating industry and employing more but will not greatly reduce the revenue from that source, and may in the future actually increase it.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    278
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    50
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    50
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.88

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.50
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing
Calvin Coolidge
Being opposed to war taxes in time of peace, I am not in favor of excess-profits taxes. A very great service could be rendered through immediate enactment of legislation relieving the people of some of the burden of taxation. To' reduce war taxes is to give every home a better chance. For seven years the people have borne with uncomplaining courage the tremendous burden of national and local taxation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.5
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    329
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    121
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.54
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Finance/Accounting & Auditing/Tax Preparation & Planning

    Entities

  • seven years
    [Date]
Calvin Coolidge
These must both be reduced. The taxes of the Nation must be reduced now as much as prudence will permit, and expenditures must be reduced accordingly. High taxes reach everywhere and burden everybody. They gear most heavily upon the poor. They diminish industry and commerce. They make agriculture unprofitable.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.3
  • Gunning Fog
    10.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    10.3
  • ARI
    7.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    3.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    3.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    256
  • Sentences
    6
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.14
Calvin Coolidge
They increase the rates on transportation. They are a charge on every necessary of life. Of all services which the Congress can render to the country, I have no hesitation in declaring to neglect it, to postpone it, to obstruct it by unsound proposals, is to become unworthy of public confidence and untrue to public trust.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.7
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    261
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    87
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.36
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
The country wants this measure to have the right of way over an others. Another reform which is urgent in our fiscal system is the abolition of the right to issue tax-exempt securities. The existing system not only permits a large amount of the wealth of the Notion to escape its just burden but acts as a continual stimulant to municipal extravagance.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.7
  • Gunning Fog
    13.5
  • Coleman Liau
    11.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    287
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05

    Entities

  • Notion
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
This should be prohibited by constitutional amendment. All the wealth of the Nation ought to contribute its fair share to the expenses of the Nation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.2
  • Gunning Fog
    13.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    2.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    2.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    123
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    25
  • Syllables
    40
  • Words Per Sentence
    25
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government
Header
TARIFF LAW

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    2.9
  • Gunning Fog
    0.8
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    0.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    9
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    2
  • Syllables
    3
  • Words Per Sentence
    2
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.88
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03
Calvin Coolidge
The present tariff law has accomplished its two main objects. It has secured an abundant revenue and been productive of an abounding prosperity. Under it the country has had a very large export and import trade. A constant revision of the tariff by the Congress is disturbing and harmful. The present law contains an elastic provision authorizing the President to increase or decrease present schedules not in excess of 50 per centum to meet the difference in cost of production at home and abroad.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.1
  • Gunning Fog
    12.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    408
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    138
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.15
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • 50
    [Cardinal Number]
  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Calvin Coolidge
This does not, to my mind, warrant a rewriting of the whole law, but does mean, and will be so administered, that whenever the required investigation shows that inequalities of sufficient importance exist in any schedule, the power to change them should and will be applied.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    222
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    46
  • Syllables
    75
  • Words Per Sentence
    46
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.37
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government
Header
SHIPPING

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.4
  • Gunning Fog
    0.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    0.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    0.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    8
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    1
  • Syllables
    2
  • Words Per Sentence
    1
  • Syllables Per Word
    2

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.54
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
Calvin Coolidge
The entire well being of our country is dependent upon transportation by sea and land. Our Government during the war acquired a large merchant fleet which should be transferred, as soon as possible, to private ownership and operation under conditions which would secure two results: First, and of prime importance, adequate means for national defense;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    290
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.58
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • First
    [Ordinal Number]
Calvin Coolidge
Second, adequate service to American commerce.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    9.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    1.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    1.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    39
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    6
  • Syllables
    15
  • Words Per Sentence
    6
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.33

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Second
    [Ordinal Number]