Rutherford B. Hayes: State of the Union Written Message - December 3, 1877

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    52,294
  • Sentences
    289
  • Words
    10,776
  • Syllables
    17,686
  • Words Per Sentence
    10,776
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • News/Politics
Rutherford B. Hayes
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    3.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    50
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    18
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
With devout gratitude to the bountiful Giver of All Good, I congratulate you that at the beginning of your first regular session you find our country blessed with health and peace and abundant harvests, and with encouraging prospects of an early return of general prosperity. To complete and make permanent the pacification of the country continues to be, and until it is fully accomplished must remain, the most important of all our national interests.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    374
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    18.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.18
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The earnest purpose of good citizens generally to unite their efforts in this endeavor is evident. It found decided expression in the resolutions announced in 1876 by the national conventions of the leading political parties of the country. There was a widespread apprehension that the momentous results in our progress as a nation marked by the recent amendments to the Constitution were in imminent jeopardy;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    339
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.83

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.67
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • 1876
    [Date]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
That the good understanding which prompted their adoption, in the interest of a loyal devotion to the general welfare, might prove a barren truce, and that the two sections of the country, once engaged in civil strife, might be again almost as widely severed and disunited as they were when arrayed in arms against each other.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    265
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • People & Society/Family & Relationships/Family

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The course to be pursued, which, in my judgment, seemed wisest in the presence of this emergency, was plainly indicated in my inaugural address. It pointed to the time, which all our people desire to see, when a genuine love of our whole country and of all that concerns its true welfare shall supplant the destructive forces of the mutual animosity of races and of sectional hostility.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.2
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    312
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.15
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Rutherford B. Hayes
Opinions have differed widely as to the measures best calculated to secure this great end. This was to be expected. The measures adopted by the Administration have been subjected to severe and varied criticism. Any course whatever which might have been entered upon would certainly have encountered distrust and opposition.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.1
  • Gunning Fog
    12.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    270
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    50
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    50
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.76
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • Administration
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
These measures were, in my judgment, such as were most in harmony with the Constitution and with the genius of our people, and best adapted, under all the circumstances, to attain the end in view. Beneficent results, already apparent, prove that these endeavors are not to be regarded as a mere experiment, and should sustain and encourage us in our efforts.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    288
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Already, in the brief period which has elapsed, the immediate effectiveness, no less than the justice, of the course pursued is demonstrated, and I have an abiding faith that time will furnish its ample vindication in the minds of the great majority of my fellow-citizens. The discontinuance of the use of the Army for the purpose of upholding local governments in two States of the Union was no less a constitutional duty and requirement, under the circumstances existing at the time, than it was a much-needed measure for the restoration of local self-government and the promotion of national harmony.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    493
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    102
  • Syllables
    172
  • Words Per Sentence
    102
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Army
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The withdrawal of the troops from such employment was effected deliberately, and with solicitous care for the peace and good order of society and the protection of the property and persons and every right of all classes of citizens. The results that have followed are indeed significant and encouraging. All apprehension of danger from remitting those States to local self-government is dispelled, and a most salutary change in the minds of the people has begun and is in progress in every part of that section of the country once the theater of unhappy civil strife, substituting for suspicion, distrust, and aversion, concord, friendship, and patriotic attachment to the Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    559
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    110
  • Syllables
    190
  • Words Per Sentence
    110
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.64
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • concord
    [Country, City, State]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
No unprejudiced mind will deny that the terrible and often fatal collisions which for several years have been of frequent occurrence and have agitated and alarmed the public mind have almost entirely ceased, and that a spirit of mutual forbearance and hearty national interest has succeeded. There has been a general reestablishment of order and of the orderly administration of justice.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    324
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.82

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.78
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • several years
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Instances of remaining lawlessness have become of rare occurrence; political turmoil and turbulence have disappeared; useful industries have been resumed; public credit in the Southern States has been greatly strengthened, and the encouraging benefits of a revival of commerce between the sections of the country lately embroiled in civil war are fully enjoyed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    304
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    109
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Such are some of the results already attained, upon which the country is to be congratulated. They are of such importance that we may with confidence patiently await the desired consummation that will surely come with the natural progress of events. It may not be improper here to say that it should be our fixed and unalterable determination to protect by all available and proper means under the Constitution and the laws the lately emancipated race in the enjoyment of their rights and privileges;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    413
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    143
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
And I urge upon those to whom heretofore the colored people have sustained the relation of bondmen the wisdom and justice of humane and liberal local legislation with respect to their education and general welfare.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    179
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    35
  • Syllables
    67
  • Words Per Sentence
    35
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.15
Rutherford B. Hayes
A firm adherence to the laws, both national and State, as to the civil and political rights of the colored people, now advanced to full and equal citizenship; the immediate repression and sure punishment by the national and local authorities, within their respective jurisdictions, of every instance of lawlessness and violence toward them, is required for the security alike of both races, and is justly demanded by the public opinion of the country and the age.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    379
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    76
  • Syllables
    135
  • Words Per Sentence
    76
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.51
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • State
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
In this way the restoration of harmony and good will and the complete protection of every citizen in the full enjoyment of every constitutional right will surely be attained. Whatever authority rests with me to this end I shall not hesitate to put forth. Whatever belongs to the power of Congress and the jurisdiction of the courts of the Union, they may confidently be relied upon to provide and perform;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    332
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
And to the legislatures, the courts, and the executive authorities of the several States I earnestly appeal to secure, by adequate, appropriate, and seasonable means, Within their borders, these common and uniform rights of a united people which loves liberty, abhors oppression, and reveres justice.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    246
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    45
  • Syllables
    86
  • Words Per Sentence
    45
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.87

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Rutherford B. Hayes
These objects are very dear to my heart. I shall continue most earnestly to strive for their attainment. The cordial cooperation of all classes, of all sections of the country and of both races, is required for this purpose; and with these blessings assured, and not otherwise, we may safely hope to hand down our free institutions of government unimpaired to the generations that will succeed us.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.1
  • Gunning Fog
    15.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    323
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    12.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03
Rutherford B. Hayes
Among the other subjects of great and general importance to the people of this country, I can not be mistaken, I think, in regarding as preeminent the policy and measures which are designed to secure the restoration of the currency to that normal and healthful condition in which, by the resumption of specie payments, our internal trade and foreign commerce may be brought into harmony with the system of exchanges which is based upon the precious metals as the intrinsic money of the world.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    403
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    136
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
Rutherford B. Hayes
In the public judgment that this end should be sought and compassed as speedily and securely as the resources of the people and the wisdom of their Government can accomplish, there is a much greater degree of unanimity than is found to concur in the specific measures which will bring the country to this desired end or the rapidity of the steps by which it can be safely reached.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    310
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    103
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.43

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03
Rutherford B. Hayes
Upon a most anxious and deliberate examination, which I have felt it my duty to give to the subject, I am but the more confirmed in the opinion which I expressed in accepting the nomination for the Presidency, and again upon my inauguration, that the policy of resumption should be pursued by every suitable means, and that no legislation would be wise that should disparage the importance or retard the attainment of that result.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    351
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    123
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.31
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Health
Rutherford B. Hayes
I have no disposition, and certainly no right, to question the sincerity or the intelligence of opposing opinions, and would neither conceal nor undervalue the considerable difficulties, and even occasional distresses, which may attend the progress of the nation toward this primary condition to its general and permanent prosperity.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    279
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.98

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.03
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05
Rutherford B. Hayes
I must, however, adhere to my most earnest conviction that any wavering in purpose or unsteadiness in methods, so far from avoiding or reducing the inconvenience inseparable from the transition from an irredeemable to a redeemable paper currency, would only tend to increased and prolonged disturbance in values, and unless retrieved must end in serious disorder, dishonor, and disaster in the financial affairs of the Government and of the people.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    371
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.86

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.79
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.09

    Entities

  • Government
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The mischiefs which I apprehend and urgently deprecate are confined to no class of the people, indeed, but seem to me most certainly to threaten the industrious masses, whether their occupations are of skilled or common labor. To them, it seems to me, it is of prime importance that their labor should be compensated in money which is itself fixed in exchangeable value by being irrevocably measured by the labor necessary to its production.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    361
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.62
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Rutherford B. Hayes
This permanent quality of the money of the people is sought for, and can only be gained by the resumption of specie payments. The rich, the speculative, the operating, the money-dealing classes may not always feel the mischiefs of, or may find casual profits in, a variable currency, but the misfortunes of such a currency to those who are paid salaries or wages are inevitable and remediless.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    317
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.64
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01
Rutherford B. Hayes
Closely connected with this general subject of the resumption of specie payments is one of subordinate, but still of grave, importance; I mean the readjustment of our coinage system by the renewal of the silver dollar as an element in our specie currency, endowed by legislation with the quality of legal tender to a greater or less extent.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    278
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.59
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • Reference/Humanities/History
Rutherford B. Hayes
As there is no doubt of the power of Congress under the Constitution "to coin money and regulate the value thereof," and as this power covers the whole range of authority applicable to the metal, the rated value and the legal-tender quality which shall be adopted for the coinage, the considerations which should induce or discourage a particular measure connected with the coinage, belong clearly to the province of legislative discretion and of public expediency.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    391
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    140
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.73
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Without intruding upon this province of legislation in the least, I have yet thought the subject of such critical importance, in the actual condition of our affairs, as to present an occasion for the exercise of the duty imposed by the Constitution on the President of recommending to the consideration of Congress "such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient." Holding the opinion, as I do, that neither the interests of the Government nor of the people of the United States would be promoted by disparaging silver as one of the two precious metals which furnish the coinage of the world, and that legislation which looks to maintaining the volume of intrinsic money to as full a measure of both metals as their relative commercial values will permit would be neither unjust nor inexpedient, I must ask your indulgence to a brief and definite statement of certain essential features in any such legislative measure which I feel it my duty to recommend.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    800
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    165
  • Syllables
    272
  • Words Per Sentence
    165
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I do not propose to enter the debate, represented on both sides by such able disputants in Congress and before the people and in the press, as to the extent to which the legislation of any one nation can control this question, even within its own borders, against the unwritten laws of trade or the positive laws of other governments.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    270
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The wisdom of Congress in shaping any particular law that may be presented for my approval may wholly supersede the necessity of my entering into these considerations, and I willingly avoid either vague or intricate inquiries. It is only certain plain and practical traits of such legislation that I desire to recommend to your attention.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    281
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
In any legislation providing for a silver coinage, regulating its value, and imparting to it the quality of legal tender, it seems to me of great importance that Congress should not lose sight of its action as operating in a twofold capacity and in two distinct directions. If the United States Government were free from a public debt, its legislative dealing with the question of silver coinage would be purely sovereign and governmental, under no restraints but those of constitutional power and the public good as affected by the proposed legislation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    457
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    91
  • Syllables
    161
  • Words Per Sentence
    91
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.88
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09

    Topics

  • Hobbies & Leisure
  • Shopping/Antiques & Collectibles

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the United States Government
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
But in the actual circumstances of the nation, with a vast public debt distributed very widely among our own citizens and held in great amounts also abroad, the nature of the silver-coinage measure, as affecting this relation of the Government to the holders of the public debt, becomes an element, in any proposed legislation, of the highest concern.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    286
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.04
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Rutherford B. Hayes
The obligation of the public faith transcends all questions of profit or public advantage otherwise. Its unquestionable maintenance is the dictate as well of the highest expediency as of the most necessary duty, and will ever be carefully guarded by Congress and people alike. The public debt of the United States to the amount of $729,000,000 bears interest at the rate of 6 per cent, and $708,000,000 at the rate of 5 per cent, and the only way in which the country can be relieved from the payment of these high rates of interest is by advantageously refunding the indebtedness.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    450
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    104
  • Syllables
    152
  • Words Per Sentence
    104
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    12.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 5 per cent
    [Money]
  • 6 per cent
    [Money]
  • 708,000,000
    [Money]
  • 729,000,000
    [Money]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Whether the debt is ultimately paid in gold or in silver coin is of but little moment compared with the possible reduction of interest one-third by refunding it at such reduced rate. If the United States had the unquestioned right to pay its bonds in silver coin, the little benefit from that process would be greatly overbalanced by the injurious effect of such payment if made or proposed against the honest convictions of the public creditors.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    367
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    125
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • one-third
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Rutherford B. Hayes
All the bonds that have been issued since February 12, 1873, when gold became the only unlimited legal-tender metallic currency of the country, are justly payable in gold coin or in coin of equal value. During the time of these issues the only dollar that could be or was received by the Government in exchange for bonds was the gold dollar.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    269
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.45

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.34
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing

    Entities

  • February 12, 1873
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
To require the public creditors to take in repayment any dollar of less commercial value would be regarded by them as a repudiation of the full obligation assumed. The bonds issued prior to 1873 were issued at a time when the gold dollar was the only coin in circulation or contemplated by either the Government or the holders of the bonds as the coin in which they were to be paid.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.7
  • Coleman Liau
    9.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    306
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    108
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.28
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Finance/Credit & Lending

    Entities

  • 1873
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It is far better to pay these bonds in that coin than to seem to take advantage of the unforeseen fall in silver bullion to pay in a new issue of silver coin thus made so much less valuable. The power of the United States to coin money and to regulate the value thereof ought never to be exercised for the purpose of enabling the Government to pay its obligations in a coin of less value than that contemplated by the parties when the bonds were issued.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    8.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    365
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    87
  • Syllables
    126
  • Words Per Sentence
    87
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.46

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Metals & Mining/Precious Metals
  • Finance/Investing/Commodities & Futures Trading

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Any attempt to pay the national indebtedness in a coinage of less commercial value than the money of the world would involve a violation of the public faith and work irreparable injury to the public credit. It was the great merit of the act of March, 1869, in strengthening the public credit, that it removed all doubt as to the purpose of the United States to pay their bonded debt in coin.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.3
  • Coleman Liau
    9.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    311
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    105
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.88
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • March, 1869
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
That act was accepted as a pledge of public faith. The Government has derived great benefit from it in the progress thus far made in refunding the public debt at low rates of interest. An adherence to the wise and just policy of an exact observance of the public faith will enable the Government rapidly to reduce the burden of interest on the national debt to an amount exceeding $20,000,000 per annum, and effect an aggregate saving to the United States of more than $300,000,000 before the bonds can be fully paid.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.2
  • Coleman Liau
    8.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    399
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    96
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    96
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.42

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 20,000,000
    [Money]
  • more than $300,000,000
    [Money]
Rutherford B. Hayes
In adapting the new silver coinage to the ordinary uses of currency in the everyday transactions of life and prescribing the quality of legal tender to be assigned to it, a consideration of the first importance should be so to adjust the ratio between the silver and the gold coinage, which now constitutes our specie currency, as to accomplish the desired end of maintaining the circulation of the two metallic currencies and keeping up the volume of the two precious metals as our intrinsic money.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    411
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    85
  • Syllables
    139
  • Words Per Sentence
    85
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.89
  • AFINN
    13.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing/Currencies & Foreign Exchange
  • Hobbies & Leisure
  • Shopping/Antiques & Collectibles

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It is a mixed question, for scientific reasoning and historical experience to determine, how far and by what methods a practical equilibrium can be maintained which will keep both metals in circulation in their appropriate spheres of common use. An absolute equality of commercial value, free from disturbing fluctuations, is hardly attainable, and without it an unlimited legal tender for private transactions assigned to both metals would irresistibly tend to drive out of circulation the clearer coinage and disappoint the principal object proposed by the legislation in view.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    485
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    88
  • Syllables
    169
  • Words Per Sentence
    88
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.88

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.05
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Science
Rutherford B. Hayes
I apprehend, therefore, that the two conditions of a near approach to equality of commercial value between the gold and silver coinage of the same denomination and of a limitation of the amounts for which the silver coinage is to be a legal tender are essential to maintaining both in circulation. If these conditions can be successfully observed, the issue from the mint of silver dollars would afford material assistance to the community in the transition to redeemable paper money, and would facilitate the resumption of specie payment and its permanent establishment.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    474
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    92
  • Syllables
    161
  • Words Per Sentence
    92
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.60
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12

    Topics

  • Shopping/Antiques & Collectibles

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Without these conditions I fear that only mischief and misfortune would flow from a coinage of silver dollars with the quality of unlimited legal tender, even in private transactions. Any expectation of temporary ease from an issue of silver coinage to pass as a legal tender at a rate materially above its commercial value is, I am persuaded, a delusion.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    291
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.05
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Reference
  • Shopping/Antiques & Collectibles
Rutherford B. Hayes
Nor can I think that there is any substantial distinction between an original issue of silver dollars at a nominal value materially above their commercial value and the restoration of the silver dollar at a rate which once was, but has ceased to be, its commercial value. Certainly the issue of our gold coinage, reduced in weight materially below its legal-tender value, would not be any the less a present debasement of the coinage by reason of its equaling, or even exceeding, in weight a gold coinage which at some past time had been commercially equal to the legal-tender value assigned to the new issue.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    495
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    107
  • Syllables
    175
  • Words Per Sentence
    107
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing/Currencies & Foreign Exchange
  • Hobbies & Leisure
  • Shopping/Antiques & Collectibles
Rutherford B. Hayes
In recommending that the regulation of any silver coinage which may be authorized by Congress should observe these conditions of commercial value and limited legal tender, I am governed by the feeling that every possible increase should be given to the volume of metallic money which can be kept in circulation, and thereby every possible aid afforded to the people in the process of resuming specie payments.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    340
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.59
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Hobbies & Leisure
  • Shopping/Antiques & Collectibles

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It is because of my firm conviction that a disregard of these conditions would frustrate the good results which are desired from the proposed coinage, and embarrass with new elements of confusion and uncertainty the business of the country, that I urge upon your attention these considerations. I respectfully recommend to Congress that in any legislation providing for a silver coinage and imparting to it the quality of legal tender there be impressed upon the measure a firm provision exempting the public debt heretofore issued and now outstanding from payment, either of principal or interest, in any coinage of less commercial value than the present gold coinage of the country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    569
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    110
  • Syllables
    195
  • Words Per Sentence
    110
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    15.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Hobbies & Leisure
  • Reference/Humanities/History
  • Shopping/Antiques & Collectibles

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The organization of the civil service of the country has for a number of years attracted more and more of the public attention. So general has become the opinion that the methods of admission to it and the conditions of remaining in it are unsound that both the great political parties have agreed in the most explicit declarations of the necessity of reform and in the most emphatic demands for it.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    327
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • a number of years
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I have fully believed these declarations and demands to be the expression of a sincere conviction of the intelligent masses of the people upon the subject, and that they should be recognized and followed by earnest and prompt action on the part of the legislative and executive departments of the Government, in pursuance of the purpose indicated.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    288
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Government
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Before my accession to office I endeavored to have my own views distinctly understood, and upon my inauguration my accord with the public opinion was stated in terms believed to be plain and unambiguous. My experience in the executive duties has strongly confirmed the belief in the great advantage the country would find in observing strictly the plan of the Constitution, which imposes upon the Executive the sole duty and responsibility of the selection of those Federal officers who by law are appointed, not elected, and which in like manner assigns to the Senate the complete right to advise and consent to or to reject the nominations so made, whilst the House of Representatives stands as the public censor of the performance of official duties, with the prerogative of investigation and prosecution in all cases of dereliction.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    692
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    137
  • Syllables
    240
  • Words Per Sentence
    137
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.32
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the House of Representatives
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The blemishes and imperfections in the civil service may, as I think, be traced in most cases to a practical confusion of the duties assigned to the several Departments of the Government. My purpose in this respect has been to return to the system established by the fundamental law, and to do this with the heartiest cooperation and most cordial understanding with the Senate and House of Representatives.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    334
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.35
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Departments of the Government
    [Organization]
  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The practical difficulties in the selection of numerous officers for posts of widely varying responsibilities and duties are acknowledged to be very great. No system can be expected to secure absolute freedom from mistakes, and the beginning of any attempted change of custom is quite likely to be more embarrassed in this respect than any subsequent period.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    299
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.73
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government