Rutherford B. Hayes: State of the Union Written Message - December 1, 1879

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    57,530
  • Sentences
    315
  • Words
    11,774
  • Syllables
    19,503
  • Words Per Sentence
    11,774
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Rutherford B. Hayes
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    3.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    50
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    18
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The members of the Forty-sixth Congress have assembled in their first regular session under circumstances calling for mutual congratulation and grateful acknowledgment to the Giver of All Good for the large and unusual measure of national prosperity which we now enjoy. The most interesting events which have occurred in our public affairs since my last annual message to Congress are connected with the financial operations of the Government, directly affecting the business interests of the country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    422
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    144
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.83

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    16.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the Forty-sixth Congress
    [Organization]
  • the Giver of All Good for the
    [Title]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I congratulate Congress on the successful execution of the resumption act. At the time fixed, and in the manner contemplated by law, United States notes began to be redeemed in coin. Since the 1st of January last they have been promptly redeemed on presentation, and in all business transactions, public and private, in all parts of the country, they are received and paid out as the equivalent of coin.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.8
  • Gunning Fog
    13.8
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    325
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    116
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the 1st of January
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The demand upon the Treasury for gold and silver in exchange for United States notes has been comparatively small, and the voluntary deposit of coin and bullion in exchange for notes has been very large. The excess of the precious metals deposited or exchanged for United States notes over the amount of United States notes redeemed is about $40,000,000. The resumption of specie payments has been followed by a very great revival of business.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    355
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    76
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    76
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing

    Entities

  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • about $40,000,000
    [Money]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
With a currency equivalent in value to the money of the commercial world, we are enabled to enter upon an equal competition with other nations in trade and production. The increasing foreign demand for our manufactures and agricultural products has caused a large balance of trade in our favor, which has been paid in gold, from the 1st of July last to November 15, to the amount of about $59,000,000. Since the resumption of specie payments there has also been a marked and gratifying improvement of the public credit.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.4
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    410
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    91
  • Syllables
    141
  • Words Per Sentence
    91
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing/Currencies & Foreign Exchange

    Entities

  • the 1st of July last to November 15
    [Date]
  • about $59,000,000
    [Money]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The bonds of the Government bearing only 4 per cent interest have been sold at or above par, sufficient in amount to pay off all of the national debt which was redeemable under present laws. The amount of interest saved annually by the process of refunding the debt since March 1, 1877, is $14,297,177. The bonds sold were largely in small sums, and the number of our citizens now holding the public securities is much greater than ever before.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.5
  • Gunning Fog
    15.7
  • Coleman Liau
    9.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    342
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    81
  • Syllables
    116
  • Words Per Sentence
    81
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.41

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.81
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Finance
  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • annually
    [Date]
  • March 1, 1877
    [Date]
  • 14,297,177
    [Money]
  • only 4 per cent
    [Money]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The amount of the national debt which matures within less than two years is $792,121,700, of which $500,000,000 bear interest at the rate of 5 per cent, and the balance is in bonds bearing 6 per cent interest. It is believed that this part of the public debt can be refunded by the issue of 4 per cent bonds, and, by the reduction of interest which will thus be effected, about $11,000,000 can be annually saved to the Treasury.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    5.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    305
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    85
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    85
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.19

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • annually
    [Date]
  • less than two years
    [Date]
  • 4 per cent
    [Money]
  • 5 per cent
    [Money]
  • 500,000,000
    [Money]
  • 6 per cent
    [Money]
  • 792,121,700
    [Money]
  • about $11,000,000
    [Money]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
To secure this important reduction of interest to be paid by the United States further legislation is required, which it is hoped will be provided by Congress during its present session. The coinage of gold by the mints of the United States during the last fiscal year was $40,986,912. The coinage of silver dollars since the passage of the act for that purpose up to November 1, 1879, was $45,000,850, of which $12,700,344 have been issued from the Treasury and are now in circulation, and $32,300,506 are still in the possession of the Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.7
  • Coleman Liau
    7.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    399
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    102
  • Syllables
    137
  • Words Per Sentence
    102
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.29

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Topics

  • Shopping/Antiques & Collectibles

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • November 1, 1879
    [Date]
  • the last fiscal year
    [Date]
  • 12,700,344
    [Money]
  • 32,300,506
    [Money]
  • 40,986,912
    [Money]
  • 45,000,850
    [Money]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The pendency of the proposition for unity of action between the United States and the principal commercial nations of Europe to effect a permanent system for the equality of gold and silver in the recognized money of the world leads me to recommend that Congress refrain from new legislation on the general subject.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    262
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.65
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Europe
    [Location]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The great revival of trade, internal and foreign, will supply during the coming year its own instructions, which may well be awaited before attempting further experimental measures with the coinage. I would, however, strongly urge upon Congress the importance of authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to suspend the coinage of silver dollars upon the present legal ratio.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    311
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    103
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.83

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Topics

  • Shopping/Antiques & Collectibles

    Entities

  • the coming year
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The market value of the silver dollar being uniformly and largely less than the market value of the gold dollar, it is obviously impracticable to maintain them at par with each other if both are coined without limit. If the cheaper coin is forced into circulation, it will, if coined without limit, soon become the sole standard of value, and thus defeat the desired object, which is a currency of both gold and silver which shall be of equivalent value, dollar for dollar, with the universally recognized money of the world.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    425
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    91
  • Syllables
    144
  • Words Per Sentence
    91
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.57
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing/Commodities & Futures Trading
  • Business & Industrial/Metals & Mining/Precious Metals
Rutherford B. Hayes
The retirement from circulation of United States notes with the capacity of legal tender in private contracts is a step to be taken in our progress toward a safe and stable currency which should be accepted as the policy and duty of the Government and the interest and security of the people. It is my firm conviction that the issue of legal-tender paper money based wholly upon the authority and credit of the Government, except in extreme emergency, is without warrant in the Constitution and a violation of sound financial principles.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    442
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    92
  • Syllables
    150
  • Words Per Sentence
    92
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Finance/Financial Planning & Management/Retirement & Pension

    Entities

  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Government
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The issue of United States notes during the late civil war with the capacity of legal tender between private individuals was not authorized except as a means of rescuing the country from imminent peril. The circulation of these notes as paper money for any protracted period of time after the accomplishment of this purpose was not contemplated by the framers of the law under which they were issued.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    331
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.51
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
Rutherford B. Hayes
They anticipated the redemption and withdrawal of these notes at the earliest practicable period consistent with the attainment of the object for which they were provided. The policy of the United States, steadily adhered to from the adoption of the Constitution, has been to avoid the creation of a national debt;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    260
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    87
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.08
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
And when, from necessity in time of war, debts have been created, they have been paid off, on the return of peace, as rapidly as possible.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.4
  • Gunning Fog
    15.0
  • Coleman Liau
    8.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.1
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.1
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    107
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    26
  • Syllables
    37
  • Words Per Sentence
    26
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.35

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.15
  • Harvard IV
    0.03

    Topics

  • Finance/Credit & Lending
Rutherford B. Hayes
With this view, and for this purpose, it is recommended that the existing laws for the accumulation of a sinking fund sufficient to extinguish the public debt within a limited period be maintained. If any change of the objects or rates of taxation is deemed necessary by Congress, it is suggested that experience has shown that a duty can be placed on tea and coffee which will not enhance the price of those articles to the consumer, and which will add several millions of dollars annually to the Treasury.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    413
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    89
  • Syllables
    141
  • Words Per Sentence
    89
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.20
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • annually
    [Date]
  • several millions of dollars
    [Money]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The continued deliberate violation by a large number of the prominent and influential citizens of the Territory of Utah of the laws of the United States for the prosecution and punishment of polygamy demands the attention of every department of the Government. This Territory has a population sufficient to entitle it to admission as a State, and the general interests of the nation, as well as the welfare of the citizens of the Territory, require its advance from the Territorial form of government to the responsibilities and privileges of a State.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    456
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    91
  • Syllables
    166
  • Words Per Sentence
    91
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.88

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.53
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Utah
    [Country, City, State]
  • Territory
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • State
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
This important change will not, however, be approved by the country while the citizens of Utah in very considerable number uphold a practice which is condemned as a crime by the laws of all civilized communities throughout the world. The law for the suppression of this offense was enacted with great unanimity by Congress more than seventeen years ago, but has remained until recently a dead letter in the Territory of Utah, because of the peculiar difficulties attending its enforcement.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    404
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    147
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.87
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • Utah
    [Country, City, State]
  • more than seventeen years ago
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The opinion widely prevailed among the citizens of Utah that the law was in contravention of the constitutional guaranty of religious freedom. This objection is now removed. The Supreme Court of the United States has decided the law to be within the legislative power of Congress and binding as a rule of action for all who reside within the Territories.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    292
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.89
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Utah
    [Country, City, State]
  • Territories
    [Location]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • The Supreme Court of
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
There is no longer any reason for delay or hesitation in its enforcement. It should be firmly and effectively executed. If not sufficiently stringent in its provisions, it should be amended; and in aid of the purpose in view I recommend that more comprehensive and more searching methods for preventing as well as punishing this crime be provided.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.5
  • Gunning Fog
    16.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    285
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.68
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Rutherford B. Hayes
If necessary to secure obedience to the law, the enjoyment and exercise of the rights and privileges of citizenship in the Territories of the United States may be withheld or withdrawn from those who violate or oppose the enforcement of the law on this subject. The elections of the past year, though occupied only with State officers, have not failed to elicit in the political discussions which attended them all over the country new and decisive evidence of the deep interest which the great body of citizens take in the progress of the country toward a more general and complete establishment, at whatever cost, of universal security and freedom in the exercise of the elective franchise.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    570
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    116
  • Syllables
    198
  • Words Per Sentence
    116
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the past year
    [Date]
  • State
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
While many topics of political concern demand great attention from our people, both in the sphere of national and State authority, I find no reason to qualify the opinion I expressed in my last annual message, that no temporary or administrative interests of government, however urgent or weighty, will ever displace the zeal of our people in defense of the primary rights of citizenship, and that the power of public opinion will override all political prejudices, and all sectional and State attachments in demanding that all over our wide territory the name and character of citizen of the United States shall mean one and the same thing and carry with them unchallenged security and respect.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    573
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    115
  • Syllables
    201
  • Words Per Sentence
    115
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • annual
    [Date]
  • State
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I earnestly appeal to the intelligence and patriotism of all good citizens of every part of the country, however much they maybe divided in opinions on other political subjects, to unite in compelling obedience to existing laws aimed at the protection of the right of suffrage. I respectfully urge upon Congress to supply any defects in these laws which experience has shown and which it is within its power to remedy.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    344
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    120
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.78
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I again invoke the cooperation of the executive and legislative authorities of the States in this great purpose. I am fully convinced that if the public mind can be set at rest on this paramount question of popular rights no serious obstacle will thwart or delay the complete pacification of the country or retard the general diffusion of prosperity.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    290
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.81
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
Rutherford B. Hayes
In a former message I invited the attention of Congress to the subject of the reformation of the civil service of the Government, and expressed the intention of transmitting to Congress as early as practicable a report upon this subject by the chairman of the Civil Service Commission. In view of the facts that during a considerable period the Government of Great Britain has been dealing with administrative problems and abuses in various particulars analogous to those presented in this country, and that in recent years the measures adopted were understood to have been effective and in every respect highly satisfactory, I thought it desirable to have fuller information upon the subject, and accordingly requested the chairman of the Civil Service Commission to make a thorough investigation for this purpose.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    680
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    130
  • Syllables
    235
  • Words Per Sentence
    130
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • recent years
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the Civil Service Commission
    [Organization]
  • the Government of Great Britain
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The result has been an elaborate and comprehensive report. The report sets forth the history of the partisan spoils system in Great Britain, and of the rise and fall of the parliamentary patronage, and of official interference with the freedom of elections. It shows that after long trials of various kinds of examinations those which are competitive and open on equal terms to all, and which are carried on under the superintendence of a single commission, have, with great advantage, been established as conditions of admission to almost every official place in the subordinate administration of that country and of British India.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    522
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    102
  • Syllables
    179
  • Words Per Sentence
    102
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    15.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • British India
    [Country, City, State]
  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The completion of the report, owing to the extent of the labor involved in its preparation and the omission of Congress to make any provision either for the compensation or the expenses of the Commission, has been postponed until the present time. It is herewith transmitted to Congress. While the reform measures of another government are of no authority for us, they are entitled to influence to the extent to which their intrinsic wisdom and their adaptation to our institutions and social life may commend them to our consideration.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    442
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    89
  • Syllables
    150
  • Words Per Sentence
    89
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.75
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Commission
    [Organization]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The views I have heretofore expressed concerning the defects and abuses in our civil administration remain unchanged, except in so far as an enlarged experience has deepened my sense of the duty both of officers and of the people themselves to cooperate for their removal. The grave evils and perils of a partisan spoils system of appointment to office and of office tenure are now generally recognized.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    334
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.91
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Rutherford B. Hayes
In the resolutions of the great parties, in the reports of Departments, in the debates and proceedings of Congress, in the messages of Executives, the gravity of these evils has been pointed out and the need of their reform has been admitted. To command the necessary support, every measure of reform must be based on common right and justice, and must be compatible with the healthy existence of great parties, which are inevitable and essential in a free state.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    376
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    79
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    79
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    12.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Departments
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
When the people have approved a policy at a national election, confidence on the part of the officers they have selected and of the advisers who, in accordance with our political institutions, should be consulted in the policy which it is their duty to carry into effect is indispensable. It is eminently proper that they should explain it before the people, as well as illustrate its spirit in the performance of their official duties.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    357
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    123
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03
Rutherford B. Hayes
Very different considerations apply to the greater number of those who fill the subordinate places in the civil service. Their responsibility is to their superiors in official position. It is their duty to obey the legal instructions of those upon whom that authority is devolved, and their best public service consists in the discharge of their functions irrespective of partisan politics.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    326
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.87

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03
Rutherford B. Hayes
Their duties are the same whatever party is in power and whatever policy prevails. As a consequence it follows that their tenure of office should not depend on the prevalence of any policy or the supremacy of any party, but should be determined by their capacity to serve the people most usefully quite irrespective of partisan interests.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    279
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    103
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
Rutherford B. Hayes
The same considerations that should govern the tenure should also prevail in the appointment, discipline, and removal of these subordinates. The authority of appointment and removal is not a perquisite, which may be used to aid a friend or reward a partisan, but is a trust, to be exercised in the public interest under all the sanctions which attend the obligation to apply the public funds only for public purposes.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    341
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    116
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01
Rutherford B. Hayes
Every citizen has an equal right to the honor and profit of entering the public service of his country. The only just ground of discrimination is the measure of character and capacity he has to make that service most useful to the people. Except in cases where, upon just and recognized principles -- as upon the theory of pensions -- offices and promotions are bestowed as rewards for past services, their bestowal upon any theory which disregards personal merit is an act of injustice to the citizen, as well as a breach of that trust subject to which the appointing power is held.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    471
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    101
  • Syllables
    167
  • Words Per Sentence
    101
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Topics

  • People & Society
Rutherford B. Hayes
In the light of these principles it becomes of great importance to provide just and adequate means, especially for every Department and large administrative office, where personal discrimination on the part of its head is not practicable, for ascertaining those qualifications to which appointments and removals should have reference.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    282
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.88

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Department
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
To fail to provide such means is not only to deny the opportunity of ascertaining the facts upon which the most righteous claim to office depends, but of necessity to discourage all worthy aspirants by handing over appointments and removals to mere influence and favoritism. If it is the right of the worthiest claimant to gain the appointment and the interest of the people to bestow it upon him, it would seem clear that a wise and just method of ascertaining personal fitness for office must be an important and permanent function of every just and wise government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    467
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    98
  • Syllables
    158
  • Words Per Sentence
    98
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
Rutherford B. Hayes
It has long since become impossible in the great offices for those having the duty of nomination and appointment to personally examine into the individual qualifications of more than a small proportion of those seeking office, and with the enlargement of the civil service that proportion must continue to become less.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    266
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.62
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
Rutherford B. Hayes
In the earlier years of the Government the subordinate offices were so few in number that it was quite easy for those making appointments and promotions to personally ascertain the merits of candidates. Party managers and methods had not then become powerful agencies of coercion, hostile to the free and just exercise of the appointing power.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    285
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the earlier years
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
A large and responsible part of the duty of restoring the civil service to the desired purity and efficiency rests upon the President, and it is my purpose to do what is within my power to advance such prudent and gradual measures of reform as will most surely and rapidly bring about that radical change of system essential to make our administrative methods satisfactory to a free and intelligent people.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    335
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04
Rutherford B. Hayes
By a proper exercise of authority it is in the power of the Executive to do much to promote such a reform. But it can not be too clearly understood that nothing adequate can be accomplished without cooperation on the part of Congress and considerate and intelligent support among the people. Reforms which challenge the generally accepted theories of parties and demand changes in the methods of Departments are not the work of a day.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    357
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    125
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Their permanent foundations must be laid in sound principles and in an experience which demonstrates their wisdom and exposes the errors of their adversaries. Every worthy officer desires to make his official action a gain and an honor to his country; but the people themselves, far more than their officers in public station, are interested in a pure, economical, and vigorous administration.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    325
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • People & Society
Rutherford B. Hayes
By laws enacted in 1853 and 1855, and now in substance incorporated in the Revised Statutes, the practice of arbitrary appointments to the several subordinate grades in the great Departments was condemned, and examinations as to capacity, to be conducted by departmental boards of examiners, were provided for and made conditions of admission to the public service.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    295
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    109
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.30
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • 1853
    [Date]
  • 1855
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
These statutes are a decision by Congress that examinations of some sort as to attainments and capacity are essential to the well-being of the public service. The important questions since the enactment of these laws have been as to the character of these examinations, and whether official favor and partisan influence or common right and merit were to control the access to the examinations.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    326
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.74
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
In practice these examinations have not always been open to worthy persons generally who might wish to be examined. Official favoritism and partisan influence, as a rule, appear to have designated those who alone were permitted to go before the examining boards, subjecting even the examiners to a pressure from the friends of the candidates very difficult to resist.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    304
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.53
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
Rutherford B. Hayes
As a consequence the standard of admission fell below that which the public interest demanded. It was also almost inevitable that a system which provided for various separate boards of examiners, with no common supervision or uniform method of procedure, should result in confusion, inconsistency, and inadequate tests of capacity, highly detrimental to the public interest.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    312
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.04

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.25
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08
Rutherford B. Hayes
A further and more radical change was obviously required. In the annual message of December, 1870, my predecessor declared that -- There is no duty which so much embarrasses the Executive and heads of Departments as that of appointments, nor is there any such arduous and thankless labor imposed on Senators and Representatives as that of finding places for constituents.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    301
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.67
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • December, 1870
    [Date]
  • Departments
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The present system does not secure the best men, and often not even fit men, for public place. The elevation and purification of the civil service of the Government will be hailed with approval by the whole people of the United States. Congress accordingly passed the act approved March 3, 1871, "to regulate the civil service of the United States and promote the efficiency thereof," giving the necessary authority to the Executive to inaugurate a civil-service reform.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    386
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    137
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    16.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • March 3, 1871
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Acting under this statute, which was interpreted as intended to secure a system of just and effectual examinations under uniform supervision, a number of eminently competent persons were selected for the purpose, who entered with zeal upon the discharge of their duties, prepared with an intelligent appreciation of the requirements of the service the regulations contemplated, and took charge of the examinations, and who in their capacity as a board have been known as the "Civil Service Commission." Congress for two years appropriated the money needed for the compensation and for the expense of carrying on the work of the Commission.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    537
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    103
  • Syllables
    187
  • Words Per Sentence
    103
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Topics

  • Arts & Entertainment

    Entities

  • two years
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the "Civil Service Commission
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It appears from the report of the Commission submitted to the President in April, 1874, that examinations had been held in various sections of the country, and that an appropriation of about $25,000 would be required to meet the annual expenses, including salaries, involved in discharging the duties of the Commission.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    252
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    86
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.02

    Topics

  • News
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • annual
    [Date]
  • April, 1874
    [Date]
  • about $25,000
    [Money]
  • Commission
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The report was transmitted to Congress by special message of April 18, 1874, with the following favorable comment upon the labors of the Commission: If sustained by Congress, I have no doubt the rules can, after the experience gained, be so improved and enforced as to still more materially benefit the public service and relieve the Executive, members of Congress, and the heads of Departments from influences prejudicial to good administration.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    361
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    127
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    10.00

    Entities

  • April 18, 1874
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Departments
    [Organization]