Rutherford B. Hayes: State of the Union Written Message - December 6, 1880

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    65,623
  • Sentences
    419
  • Words
    13,278
  • Syllables
    22,085
  • Words Per Sentence
    13,278
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Rutherford B. Hayes
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    3.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    50
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    18
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I congratulate you on the continued and increasing prosperity of our country. By the favor of Divine Providence we have been blessed during the past year with health, with abundant harvests, with profitable employment for all our people, and with contentment at home, and with peace and friendship with other nations.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    261
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    85
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    13.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.18
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Entities

  • the past year
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The occurrence of the twenty-fourth election of Chief Magistrate has afforded another opportunity to the people of the United States to exhibit to the world a significant example of the peaceful and safe transmission of the power and authority of government from the public servants whose terms of office are about to expire to their newly chosen successors.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    299
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    103
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • News/Politics

    Entities

  • twenty-fourth
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Rutherford B. Hayes
This example can not fail to impress profoundly thoughtful people of other countries with the advantages which republican institutions afford. The immediate, general, and cheerful acquiescence of all good citizens in the result of the election gives gratifying assurance to our country and to its friends throughout the world that a government based on the free consent of an intelligent and patriotic people possesses elements of strength, stability, and permanency not found in any other form of government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    426
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    136
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    17.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Topics

  • News/Politics

    Entities

  • republican
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Continued opposition to the full and free enjoyment of the rights of citizenship conferred upon the colored people by the recent amendments to the Constitution still prevails in several of the late slaveholding States. It has, perhaps, not been manifested in the recent election to any large extent in acts of violence or intimidation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    278
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It has, however, by fraudulent practices in connection with the ballots, with the regulations as to the places and manner of voting, and with counting, returning, and canvassing the votes cast, been successful in defeating the exercise of the right preservative of all rights -- the right of suffrage -- which the Constitution expressly confers upon our enfranchised citizens.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    306
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.25
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It is the desire of the good people of the whole country that sectionalism as a factor in our politics should disappear. They prefer that no section of the country should be united in solid opposition to any other section. The disposition to refuse a prompt and hearty obedience to the equal-rights amendments to the Constitution is all that now stands in the way of a complete obliteration of sectional lines in our political contests.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    358
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    76
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    76
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.57
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
As long as either of these amendments is flagrantly violated or disregarded, it is safe to assume that the people who placed them in the Constitution, as embodying the legitimate results of the war for the Union, and who believe them to be wise and necessary, will continue to act together and to insist that they shall be obeyed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    267
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.60
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The paramount question still is as to the enjoyment of the fight by every American citizen who has the requisite qualifications to freely cast his vote and to have it honestly counted. With this question rightly settled, the country will be relieved of the contentions of the past; bygones will indeed be bygones, and political and party issues, with respect to economy and efficiency of administration, internal improvements, the tariff, domestic taxation, education, finance, and other important subjects, will then receive their full share of attention;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    458
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    86
  • Syllables
    155
  • Words Per Sentence
    86
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Rutherford B. Hayes
But resistance to and nullification of the results of the war will unite together in resolute purpose for their support all who maintain the authority of the Government and the perpetuity of the Union, and who adequately appreciate the value of the victory achieved.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    221
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    44
  • Syllables
    77
  • Words Per Sentence
    44
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.82

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.79
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • Union
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
This determination proceeds from no hostile sentiment or feeling to any part of the people of our country or to any of their interests. The inviolability of the amendments rests upon the fundamental principle of our Government. They are the solemn expression of the will of the people of the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.6
  • Gunning Fog
    13.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    4.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    4.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    252
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    80
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The sentiment that the constitutional rights of all our citizens must be maintained does not grow weaker. It will continue to control the Government of the country. Happily, the history of the late election shows that in many parts of the country where opposition to the fifteenth amendment has heretofore prevailed it is diminishing, and is likely to cease altogether if firm and well-considered action is taken by Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    351
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    121
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.72
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
  • News/Politics

    Entities

  • fifteenth
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I trust the House of Representatives and the Senate, which have the right to judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of their own members, will see to it that every case of violation of the letter or spirit of the fifteenth amendment is thoroughly investigated, and that no benefit from such violation shall accrue to any person or party.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    285
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.29
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • fifteenth
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the House of Representatives
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It will be the duty of the Executive, with sufficient appropriations for the purpose, to prosecute unsparingly all who have been engaged in depriving citizens of the rights guaranteed to them by the Constitution. It is not, however, to be forgotten that the best and surest guaranty of the primary rights of citizenship is to be found in that capacity for self-protection which can belong only to a people whose right to universal suffrage is supported by universal education.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    391
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    138
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.60
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The means at the command of the local and State authorities are in many cases wholly inadequate to furnish free instruction to all who need it. This is especially true where before emancipation the education of the people was neglected or prevented, in the interest of slavery. Firmly convinced that the subject of popular education deserves the earnest attention of the people of the whole country, with a view to wise and comprehensive action by the Government of the United States, I respectfully recommend that Congress, by suitable legislation and with proper safeguards, supplement the local educational funds in the several States where the grave duties and responsibilities of citizenship have been devolved on uneducated people by devoting to the purpose grants of the public lands and, if necessary, by appropriations from the Treasury of the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    720
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    138
  • Syllables
    249
  • Words Per Sentence
    138
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the Government of the United States
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Whatever Government can fairly do to promote free popular education ought to be done. Wherever general education is found, peace, virtue, and social order prevail and civil and religious liberty are secure. In my former annual messages I have asked the attention of Congress to the urgent necessity of a reformation of the civil-service system of the Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    298
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    109
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.83

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • annual
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
My views concerning the dangers of patronage, or appointments for personal or partisan considerations, have been strengthened by my observation and experience in the Executive office, and I believe these dangers threaten the stability of the Government. Abuses so serious in their nature can not be permanently tolerated.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    269
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    48
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    48
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.92

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.89
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07
Rutherford B. Hayes
They tend to become more alarming with the enlargement of administrative service, as the growth of the country in population increases the number of officers and placemen employed. The reasons are imperative for the adoption of fixed rules for the regulation of appointments, promotions, and removals, establishing a uniform method having exclusively in view in every instance the attainment of the best qualifications for the position in question.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    375
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.9

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.74
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01
Rutherford B. Hayes
Such a method alone is consistent with the equal rights of all citizens and the most economical and efficient administration of the public business. Competitive examinations in aid of impartial appointments and promotions have been conducted for some years past in several of the Executive Departments, and by my direction this system has been adopted in the custom-houses and post-offices of the larger cities of the country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    355
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    124
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.41
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • some years past
    [Date]
  • the Executive Departments
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
In the city of New York over 2,000 positions in the civil service have been subject in their appointments and tenure of place to the operation of published rules for this purpose during the past two years. The results of these practical trials have been very satisfactory, and have confirmed my opinion in favor of this system of selection.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    274
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.67
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • 2,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • New York
    [Country, City, State]
  • the past two years
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
All are subjected to the same tests, and the result is free from prejudice by personal favor or partisan influence. It secures for the position applied for the best qualifications attainable among the competing applicants. It is an effectual protection from the pressure of importunity, which under any other course pursued largely exacts the time and attention of appointing officers, to their great detriment in the discharge of other official duties preventing the abuse of the service for the mere furtherance of private or party purposes, and leaving the employee of the Government, freed from the obligations imposed by patronage, to depend solely upon merit for retention and advancement, and with this constant incentive to exertion and improvement.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    630
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    118
  • Syllables
    218
  • Words Per Sentence
    118
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government
Rutherford B. Hayes
These invaluable results have been attained in a high degree in the offices where the rules for appointment by competitive examination have been applied. A method which has so approved itself by experimental tests at points where such tests may be fairly considered conclusive should be extended to all subordinate positions under the Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    291
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.65
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05

    Topics

  • Jobs & Education/Education/Standardized & Admissions Tests

    Entities

  • Government
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I believe that a strong and growing public sentiment demands immediate measures for securing and enforcing the highest possible efficiency in the civil service and its protection from recognized abuses, and that the experience referred to has demonstrated the feasibility of such measures. The examinations in the custom-houses and post-offices have been held under many embarrassments and without provision for compensation for the extra labor performed by the officers who have conducted them, and whose commendable interest in the improvement of the public service has induced this devotion of time and labor without pecuniary reward.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    537
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    97
  • Syllables
    186
  • Words Per Sentence
    97
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.87

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government
Rutherford B. Hayes
A continuance of these labors gratuitously ought not to be expected, and without an appropriation by Congress for compensation it is not practicable to extend the system of examinations generally throughout the civil service. It is also highly important that all such examinations should be conducted upon a uniform system and under general supervision.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    297
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    104
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.98

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.15
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Section 1753 of the Revised Statutes authorizes the President to prescribe the regulations for admission to the civil service of the United States, and for this purpose to employ suitable persons to conduct the requisite inquiries with reference to "the fitness of each candidate, in respect to age, health, character, knowledge, and ability for the branch of service into which he seeks to enter;" but the law is practically inoperative for want of the requisite appropriation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    397
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    137
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.68
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Section 1753 of the Revised Statutes
    [Law]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I therefore recommend an appropriation of $25,000 per annum to meet the expenses of a commission, to be appointed by the President in accordance with the terms of this section, whose duty it shall be to devise a just, uniform, and efficient system of competitive examinations and to supervise the application of the same throughout the entire civil service of the Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    302
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    108
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.72
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • 25,000
    [Money]
  • Government
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I am persuaded that the facilities which such a commission will afford for testing the fitness of those who apply for office will not only be as welcome a relief to members of Congress as it will be to the President and heads of Departments, but that it will also greatly tend to remove the causes of embarrassment which now inevitably and constantly attend the conflicting claims of patronage between the legislative and executive departments.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    368
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    127
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.59
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Departments
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The most effectual check upon the pernicious competition of influence and official favoritism in the bestowal of office will be the substitution of an open competition of merit between the applicants, in which everyone can make his own record with the assurance that his success will depend upon this alone.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    256
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    50
  • Syllables
    90
  • Words Per Sentence
    50
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.81
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.07
Rutherford B. Hayes
I also recommend such legislation as, while leaving every officer as free as any other citizen to express his political opinions and to use his means for their advancement, shall also enable him to feel as safe as any private citizen in refusing all demands upon his salary for political purposes. A law which should thus guarantee true liberty and justice to all who are engaged in the public service, and likewise contain stringent provisions against the use of official authority to coerce the political action of private citizens or of official subordinates, is greatly to be desired.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    485
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    98
  • Syllables
    175
  • Words Per Sentence
    98
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Topics

  • News/Politics
Rutherford B. Hayes
The most serious obstacle, however, to an improvement of the civil service, and especially to a reform in the method of appointment and removal, has been found to be the practice, under what is known as the spoils system, by which the appointing power has been so largely encroached upon by members of Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    251
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    84
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.10
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The first step in the reform of the civil service must be a complete divorce between Congress and the Executive in the matter of appointments. The corrupting doctrine that "to the victors belong the spoils" is inseparable from Congressional patronage as the established rule and practice of parties in power.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    263
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.42
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Congressional
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It comes to be understood by applicants for office and by the people generally that Representatives and Senators are entitled to disburse the patronage of their respective districts and States. It is not necessary to recite at length the evils resulting from this invasion of the Executive functions. The true principles of Government on the subject of appointments to office, as stated in the national conventions of the leading parties of the country, have again and again been approved by the American people, and have not been called in question in any quarter.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    467
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    93
  • Syllables
    159
  • Words Per Sentence
    93
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • any quarter
    [Date]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Executive
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
These authentic expressions of public opinion upon this all-important subject are the statement of principles that belong to the constitutional structure of the Government. Under the Constitution the President and heads of Departments are to make nominations for office. The Senate is to advise and consent to appointments, and the House of Representatives is to accuse and prosecute faithless officers.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    339
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.56
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Departments
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the House of Representatives
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The best interest of the public service demands that these distinctions be respected; that Senators and Representatives, who may be judges and accusers, should not dictate appointments to office. To this end the cooperation of the legislative department. of the Government is required alike by the necessities of the case and by public opinion.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    285
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.88
  • AFINN
    5.00

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Rutherford B. Hayes
Members of Congress will not be relieved from the demands made upon them with reference to appointments to office until by legislative enactment the pernicious practice is condemned and forbidden. It is therefore recommended that an act be passed defining the relations of members of Congress with respect to appointment to office by the President;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    292
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.46
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
And I also recommend that the provisions of section 1767 and of the sections following of the Revised Statutes, comprising the tenure-of-office act of March 2, 1867, be repealed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    9.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    135
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    31
  • Syllables
    47
  • Words Per Sentence
    31
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.36
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04

    Entities

  • 1767
    [Cardinal Number]
  • March 2, 1867
    [Date]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Believing that to reform the system and methods of the civil service in our country is one of the highest and most imperative duties of statesmanship, and that it can be permanently done only by the cooperation of the legislative and executive departments of the Government, I again commend the whole subject to your considerate attention.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    281
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.70
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Rutherford B. Hayes
It is the recognized duty and purpose of the people of the United States to suppress polygamy where it now exists in our Territories and to prevent its extension. Faithful and zealous efforts have been made by the United States authorities in Utah to enforce the laws against it. Experience has shown that the legislation upon this subject, to be effective, requires extensive modification and amendment.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    334
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Utah
    [Country, City, State]
Rutherford B. Hayes
The longer action is delayed the more difficult it will be to accomplish what is desired. Prompt and decided measures are necessary. The Mormon sectarian organization which upholds polygamy has the whole power of making and executing the local legislation of the Territory. By its control of the grand and petit juries it possesses large influence over the administration of justice.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    319
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    116
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.84

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.77
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • Mormon
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Territory
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Exercising, as the heads of this sect do, the local political power of the Territory, they are able to make effective their hostility to the law of Congress on the subject of polygamy, and, in fact, do prevent its enforcement. Polygamy will not be abolished if the enforcement of the law depends on those who practice and uphold the crime.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.3
  • Coleman Liau
    10.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    272
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.59
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Territory
    [Location]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It can only be suppressed by taking away the political power of the sect which encourages and sustains it. The power of Congress to enact suitable laws to protect the Territories is ample. It is not a case for halfway measures. The political power of the Mormon sect is increasing. It controls now one of our wealthiest and most populous Territories.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.3
  • Gunning Fog
    9.5
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    10.9
  • ARI
    6.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    285
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • Territories
    [Location]
  • Mormon
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
It is extending steadily into other Territories. Wherever it goes it establishes polygamy and sectarian political power. The sanctity of marriage and the family relation are the corner stone of our American society and civilization. Religious liberty and the separation of church and state are among the elementary ideas of free institutions.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    4.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    4.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    287
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    103
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.15

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.77
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09

    Entities

  • Territories
    [Location]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Rutherford B. Hayes
To reestablish the interests and principles which polygamy and Mormonism have imperiled, and to fully reopen to intelligent and virtuous immigrants of all creeds that part of our domain which has been in a great degree closed to general immigration by intolerant and immoral institutions, it is recommended that the government of the Territory of Utah be reorganized.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    307
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    105
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.9

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.89
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • People & Society/Religion & Belief

    Entities

  • Utah
    [Country, City, State]
  • Mormonism
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Territory
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I recommend that Congress provide for the government of Utah by a governor and judges, or commissioners, appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate -- a government analogous to the provisional government established for the territory northwest of the Ohio by the ordinance of 1787. If, however, it is deemed best to continue the existing form of local government, I recommend that the right to vote, hold office, and sit on juries in the Territory of Utah be confined to those who neither practice nor uphold polygamy.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    427
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    88
  • Syllables
    154
  • Words Per Sentence
    88
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Ohio
    [Country, City, State]
  • Utah
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1787
    [Date]
  • Territory
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
If thorough measures are adopted, it is believed that within a few years the evils which now afflict Utah will be eradicated, and that this Territory will in good time become one of the most prosperous and attractive of the new States of the Union. Our relations with all foreign countries have been those of undisturbed peace, and have presented no occasion for concern as to their continued maintenance.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    332
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.79
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • Utah
    [Country, City, State]
  • a few years
    [Date]
  • Territory
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Rutherford B. Hayes
My anticipation of an early reply from the British Government to the demand of indemnity to our fishermen for the injuries suffered by that industry at Fortune Bay in January, 1878, which I expressed in my last annual message, was disappointed. This answer was received only in the latter part of April in the present year, and when received exhibited a failure of accord between the two Governments as to the measure of the inshore fishing privilege secured to our fishermen by the treaty of Washington of so serious a character that I made it the subject of a communication to Congress, in which I recommended the adoption of the measures which seemed to me proper to be taken by this Government in maintenance of the rights accorded to our fishermen under the treaty and toward securing an indemnity for the injury these interests had suffered.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    691
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    146
  • Syllables
    239
  • Words Per Sentence
    146
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.80
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Washington
    [Country, City, State]
  • April
    [Date]
  • January, 1878
    [Date]
  • the present year
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Fortune Bay
    [Organization]
  • the British Government
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
A bill to carry out these recommendations was under consideration by the House of Representatives at the time of the adjournment of Congress in June last. Within a few weeks I have received a communication from Her Majesty's Government renewing the consideration of the subject, both of the indemnity for the injuries at Fortune Bay and of the interpretation of the treaty in which the previous correspondence had shown the two Governments to be at variance.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    379
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    76
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    76
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • a few weeks
    [Date]
  • June last
    [Date]
  • Fortune Bay
    [Infrastructure]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the House of Representatives
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
Upon both these topics the disposition toward a friendly agreement is manifested by a recognition of our right to an indemnity for the transaction at Fortune Bay, leaving the measure of such indemnity to further conference, and by an assent to the view of this Government, presented in the previous correspondence, that the regulation of conflicting interests of the shore fishery of the provincial seacoasts and the vessel fishery of our fishermen should be made the subject of conference and concurrent arrangement between the two Governments.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    455
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    86
  • Syllables
    153
  • Words Per Sentence
    86
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.69
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Fortune Bay
    [Infrastructure]
Rutherford B. Hayes
I sincerely hope that the basis may be found for a speedy adjustment of the very serious divergence of views in the interpretation of the fishery clauses of the treaty of Washington, which, as the correspondence between the two Governments stood at the close of the last session of Congress, seemed to be irreconcilable.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    263
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.66
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Reference

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Washington
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Governments
    [Organization]
Rutherford B. Hayes
In the important exhibition of arts and industries which was held last year at Sydney, New South Wales, as well as in that now in progress at Melbourne, the United States have been efficiently and honorably represented. The exhibitors from this country at the former place received a large number of awards in some of the most considerable departments, and the participation of the United States was recognized by a special mark of distinction.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    365
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    124
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05

    Topics

  • Arts & Entertainment/Events & Listings/Expos & Conventions

    Entities

  • Melbourne
    [Country, City, State]
  • New South Wales
    [Country, City, State]
  • Sydney
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • last year
    [Date]