James Madison: State of the Union Written Message - December 3, 1816

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    16,568
  • Sentences
    72
  • Words
    3,369
  • Syllables
    5,614
  • Words Per Sentence
    3,369
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
James Madison
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    3.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    50
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    18
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
James Madison
In reviewing the present state of our country, our attention cannot be withheld from the effect produced by peculiar seasons which have very generally impaired the annual gifts of the earth and threatened scarcity in particular districts. Such, however, is the variety of soils, of climates, and of products within our extensive limits that the aggregate resources for subsistence are more than sufficient for the aggregate wants.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    357
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    120
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.34
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • annual
    [Date]
James Madison
And as far as an economy of consumption, more than usual, may be necessary, our thankfulness is due to Providence for what is far more than a compensation, in the remarkable health which has distinguished the present year. Amidst the advantages which have succeeded the peace of Europe, and that of the United States with Great Britain, in a general invigoration of industry among us and in the extension of our commerce, the value of which is more and more disclosing itself to commercial nations, it is to be regretted that a depression is experienced by particular branches of our manufactures and by a portion of our navigation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    515
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    108
  • Syllables
    182
  • Words Per Sentence
    108
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    13.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the present year
    [Date]
  • Europe
    [Location]
James Madison
As the first proceeds in an essential degree from an excess of imported merchandise, which carries a check in its own tendency, the cause in its present extent can not be very long in duration. The evil will not, however, be viewed by Congress without a recollection that manufacturing establishments, if suffered to sink too low or languish too long, may not revive after the causes shall have ceased, and that in the vicissitudes of human affairs situations may recur in which a dependence on foreign sources for indispensable supplies may be among the most serious embarrassments.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    478
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    97
  • Syllables
    162
  • Words Per Sentence
    97
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.94
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Madison
The depressed state of our navigation is to be ascribed in a material degree to its exclusion from the colonial ports of the nation most extensively connected with us in commerce, and from the indirect operation of that exclusion. Previous to the late convention at London between the United States and Great Britain the relative state of the navigation laws of the two countries, growing out of the treaty of 1794, had given to the British navigation a material advantage over the American in the intercourse between the American ports and British ports in Europe.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    462
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    95
  • Syllables
    158
  • Words Per Sentence
    95
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.44
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • London
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1794
    [Date]
  • Europe
    [Location]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
James Madison
The convention of London equalized the laws of the two countries relating to those ports, leaving the intercourse between our ports and the ports of the British colonies subject, as before, to the respective regulations of the parties. The British Government enforcing now regulations which prohibit a trade between its colonies and the United States in American vessels, whilst they permit a trade in British vessels, the American navigation loses accordingly, and the loss is augmented by the advantage which is given to the British competition over the American in the navigation between our ports and British ports in Europe by the circuitous voyages enjoyed by the one and not enjoyed by the other.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    582
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    114
  • Syllables
    198
  • Words Per Sentence
    114
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.74
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • London
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Europe
    [Location]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • The British Government
    [Organization]
James Madison
The reasonableness of the rule of reciprocity applied to one branch of the commercial intercourse has been pressed on our part as equally applicable to both branches; but it is ascertained that the British cabinet declines all negotiation on the subject, with a disavowal, however, of any disposition to view in an unfriendly light whatever countervailing regulations the United States may oppose to the regulations of which they complain.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    366
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.42
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.09

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
James Madison
The wisdom of the Legislature will decide on the course which, under these circumstances, is prescribed by a joint regard to the amicable relations between the two nations and to the just interests of the United States. I have the satisfaction to state, generally, that we remain in amity with foreign powers.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    252
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.88
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Legislature
    [Organization]
James Madison
An occurrence has indeed taken place in the Gulf of Mexico which, if sanctioned by the Spanish Government, may make an exception as to that power. According to the report of our naval commander on that station, one of our public armed vessels was attacked by an over-powering force under a Spanish commander, and the American flag, with the officers and crew, insulted in a manner calling for prompt reparation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    333
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    116
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.74
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • the Gulf of Mexico
    [Location]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Spanish
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • the Spanish Government
    [Organization]
James Madison
This has been demanded. In the mean time a frigate and a smaller vessel of war have been ordered into that Gulf for the protection of our commerce. It would be improper to omit that the representative of His Catholic Majesty in the United States lost no time in giving the strongest assurances that no hostile order could have emanated from his Government, and that it will be as ready to do as to expect whatever the nature of the case and the friendly relations of the two countries shall be found to require.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.9
  • Coleman Liau
    10.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    414
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    94
  • Syllables
    136
  • Words Per Sentence
    94
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.80
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Military

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Gulf
    [Location]
  • Catholic
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
James Madison
The posture of our affairs with Algiers at the present moment is not known. The Day, drawing pretexts from circumstances for which the United States were not answerable, addressed a letter to this Government declaring the treaty last concluded with him to have been annulled by our violation of it, and presenting as the alternative war or a renewal of the former treaty, which stipulated, among other things, an annual tribute.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    350
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    118
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.65
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • annual
    [Date]
  • The Day
    [Date]
  • Algiers
    [Organization]
James Madison
The answer, with an explicit declaration that the United States preferred war to tribute, required his recognition and observance of the treaty last made, which abolishes tribute and the slavery of our captured citizens. The result of the answer has not been received. Should he renew his warfare on our commerce, we rely on the protection it will find in our naval force actually in the Mediterranean.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    329
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.84
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Mediterranean
    [Location]
James Madison
With the other Barbary States our affairs have undergone no change. The Indian tribes within our limits appear also disposed to remain at peace. From several of them purchases of lands have been made particularly favorable to the wishes and security of our frontier settlements, as well as to the general interests of the nation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.9
  • Gunning Fog
    16.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Statistics

  • Characters
    271
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Barbary States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Indian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
James Madison
In some instances the titles, though not supported by due proof, and clashing those of one tribe with the claims of another, have been extinguished by double purchases, the benevolent policy of the United States preferring the augmented expense to the hazard of doing injustice or to the enforcement of justice against a feeble and untutored people by means involving or threatening an effusion of blood.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    334
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.09
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
James Madison
I am happy to ad that the tranquillity which has been restored among the tribes themselves, as well as between them and our own population, will favor the resumption of the work of civilization which had made an encouraging progress among some tribes, and that the facility is increasing for extending that divided and individual ownership, which exists now in movable property only, to the soil itself, and of thus establishing in the culture and improvement of it the true foundation for a transit from the habits of the savage to the arts and comforts of social life.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    466
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    98
  • Syllables
    158
  • Words Per Sentence
    98
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    16.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Topics

  • Travel
James Madison
As a subject of the highest importance to the national welfare, I must again earnestly recommend to the consideration of Congress a reorganization of the militia on a plan which will form it into classes according to the periods of life more or less adapted to military services. An efficient militia is authorized and contemplated by the Constitution and required by the spirit and safety of free government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    339
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    124
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Madison
The present organization of our militia is universally regarded as less efficient than it ought to be made, and no organization can be better calculated to give to it its due force than a classification which will assign the foremost place in the defense of the country to that portion of its citizens whose activity and animation best enable them to rally to its standard.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    307
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01
James Madison
Besides the consideration that a time of peace is the time when the change can be made with most convenience and equity, it will now be aided by the experience of a recent war in which the militia bore so interesting a part. Congress will call to mind that no adequate provision has yet been made for the uniformity of weights and measures also contemplated by the Constitution.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    308
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.11
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Arts & Entertainment

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Madison
The great utility of a standard fixed in its nature and founded on the easy rule of decimal proportions is sufficiently obvious. It led the Government at an early stage to preparatory steps for introducing it, and a completion of the work will be a just title to the public gratitude. The importance which I have attached to the establishment of a university within this District on a scale and for objects worthy of the American nation induces me to renew my recommendation of it to the favorable consideration of Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    430
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    91
  • Syllables
    152
  • Words Per Sentence
    91
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Science

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Madison
And I particularly invite again their attention to the expediency of exercising their existing powers, and, where necessary, of resorting to the prescribed mode of enlarging them, in order to effectuate a comprehensive system of roads and canals, such as will have the effect of drawing more closely together every part of our country by promoting intercourse and improvements and by increasing the share of every part in the common stock of national prosperity.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    383
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    134
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04
James Madison
Occurrences having taken place which shew that the statutory provisions for the dispensation of criminal justice are deficient in relation both to places and to persons under the exclusive cognizance of the national authority, an amendment of the law embracing such cases will merit the earliest attention of the Legislature.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    274
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    50
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    50
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.9

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • Legislature
    [Organization]
  • the national authority
    [Organization]
James Madison
It will be a seasonable occasion also for inquiring how far legislative interposition may be further requisite in providing penalties for offenses designated in the Constitution or in the statutes, and to which either no penalties are annexed or none with sufficient certainty. And I submit to the wisdom of Congress whether a more enlarged revisal of the criminal code be not expedient for the purpose of mitigating in certain cases penalties which were adopted into it antecedent to experiment and examples which justify and recommend a more lenient policy.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    467
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    169
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.88

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.14
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Madison
The United States, having been the first to abolish within the extent of their authority the transportation of the natives of Africa into slavery, by prohibiting the introduction of slaves and by punishing their citizens participating in the traffic, can not but be gratified at the progress made by concurrent efforts of other nations toward a general suppression of so great an evil.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    319
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.09
  • AFINN
    -4.00

    Entities

  • The United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Africa
    [Location]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
James Madison
They must feel at the same time the greater solicitude to give the fullest efficacy to their own regulations. With that view, the interposition of Congress appears to be required by the violations and evasions which it is suggested are chargeable on unworthy citizens who mingle in the slave trade under foreign flags and with foreign ports, and by collusive importations of slaves into the United States through adjoining ports and territories.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    370
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    125
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.27
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Madison
I present the subject to Congress with a full assurance of their disposition to apply all the remedy which can be afforded by an amendment of the law. The regulations which were intended to guard against abuses of a kindred character in the trade between the several States ought also to be rendered more effectual for their humane object.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    279
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.30
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
James Madison
To these recommendations I add, for the consideration of Congress, the expediency of a remodification of the judiciary establishment, and of an additional department in the executive branch of the Government. The first is called for by the accruing business which necessarily swells the duties of the Federal courts, and by the great and widening space within which justice is to be dispensed by them.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    331
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the Federal courts
    [Organization]
James Madison
The time seems to have arrived which claims for members of the Supreme Court a relief from itinerary fatigues, incompatible as well with the age which a portion of them will always have attained as with the researches and preparations which are due to their stations and to the juridical reputation of their country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    261
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.76
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • the Supreme Court
    [Organization]
James Madison
And considerations equally cogent require a more convenient organization of the subordinate tribunals, which may be accomplished without an objectionable increase of the number or expense of the judges. The extent and variety of executive business also accumulating with the progress of our country and its growing population call for an additional department, to be charged with duties now over- burdening other departments and with such as have not been annexed to any department.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    404
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.95

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.37
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
James Madison
The course of experience recommends, as another improvement in the executive establishment, that the provision for the station of Attorney-General, whose residence at the seat of Government, official connections with it, and the management of the public business before the judiciary preclude an extensive participation in professional emoluments, be made more adequate to his services and his relinquishments, and that, with a view to his reasonable accommodation and to a proper depository of his official opinions and proceedings, there be included in the provision the usual appurtenances to a public office.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    511
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    92
  • Syllables
    183
  • Words Per Sentence
    92
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.98

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.73
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal/Legal Services

    Entities

  • Government
    [Organization]
James Madison
In directing the legislative attention to the state of the finances it is a subject of great gratification to find that even within the short period which has elapsed since the return of peace the revenue has far exceeded all the current demands upon the Treasury, and that under any probable diminution of its future annual products which the vicissitudes of commerce may occasion it will afford an ample fund for the effectual and early extinguishment of the public debt.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    392
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    138
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • annual
    [Date]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
James Madison
It has been estimated that during the year 1816 the actual receipts of revenue at the Treasury, including the balance at the commencement of the year, and excluding the proceeds of loans and Treasury notes, will amount to about the sum of $47,000,000; that during the same year the actual payments at the Treasury, including the payment of the arrearages of the War Department as well as the payment of a considerable excess beyond the annual appropriations, will amount to about the sum of $38M, and that consequently at the close of the year there will be a surplus in the Treasury of about the sum of $9M. The operations of the Treasury continued to be obstructed by difficulties arising from the condition of the national currency, but they have nevertheless been effectual to a beneficial extent in the reduction of the public debt and the establishment of the public credit.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    700
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    153
  • Syllables
    228
  • Words Per Sentence
    153
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.67
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • annual
    [Date]
  • the close of the year
    [Date]
  • the same year
    [Date]
  • the year
    [Date]
  • the year 1816
    [Date]
  • $38M
    [Money]
  • 47,000,000
    [Money]
  • 9M.
    [Money]
  • the War Department
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
James Madison
The floating debt of Treasury notes and temporary loans will soon be entirely discharged. The aggregate of the funded debt, composed of debts incurred during the wars of 1776 and 1812, has been estimated with reference to the first of January next at a sum not exceeding $110M. The ordinary annual expenses of the Government for the maintenance of all its institutions, civil, military, and naval, have been estimated at a sum <$20M, and the permanent revenue to be derived from all the existing sources has been estimated at a sum of $25M. Upon this general view of the subject it is obvious that there is only wanting to the fiscal prosperity of the Government the restoration of an uniform medium of exchange.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    565
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    125
  • Syllables
    200
  • Words Per Sentence
    125
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.78
  • AFINN
    -1.00

    Topics

  • Finance/Credit & Lending

    Entities

  • 1776 and 1812
    [Date]
  • annual
    [Date]
  • the first of January next
    [Date]
  • 110M.
    [Money]
  • 25M.
    [Money]
  • sum <$20M
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
James Madison
The resources and the faith of the nation, displayed in the system which Congress has established, insure respect and confidence both at home and abroad. The local accumulations of the revenue have already enabled the Treasury to meet the public engagements in the local currency of most of the States, and it is expected that the same cause will produce the same effect throughout the Union;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    322
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.89
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
James Madison
But for the interests of the community at large, as well as for the purposes of the Treasury, it is essential that the nation should possess a currency of equal value, credit, and use wherever it may circulate.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    168
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    38
  • Syllables
    58
  • Words Per Sentence
    38
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.17

    Entities

  • Treasury
    [Organization]
James Madison
The Constitution has intrusted Congress exclusively with the power of creating and regulating a currency of that description, and the measures which were taken during the last session in execution of the power give every promise of success. The Bank of the United States has been organized under auspices the most favorable, and can not fail to be an important auxiliary to those measures.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    322
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • The Bank of the United States
    [Organization]
James Madison
For a more enlarged view of the public finances, with a view of the measures pursued by the Treasury Department previous to the resignation of the late Secretary, I transmit an extract from the last report of that officer. Congress will perceive in it ample proofs of the solid foundation on which the financial prosperity of the nation rests, and will do justice to the distinguished ability and successful exertions with which the duties of the Department were executed during a period remarkable for its difficulties and its peculiar perplexities.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    456
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    156
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    16.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Department
    [Organization]
  • the Treasury Department
    [Organization]
James Madison
The period of my retiring from the public service being at little distance, I shall find no occasion more proper than the present for expressing to my fellow citizens my deep sense of the continued confidence and kind support which I have received from them. My grateful recollection of these distinguished marks of their favorable regard can never cease, and with the consciousness that, if I have not served my country with greater ability, I have served it with a sincere devotion will accompany me as a source of unfailing gratification.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    445
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    91
  • Syllables
    152
  • Words Per Sentence
    91
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    23.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01
James Madison
Happily, I shall carry with me from the public theater other sources, which those who love their country most will best appreciate. I shall behold it blessed with tranquillity and prosperity at home and with peace and respect abroad. I can indulge the proud reflection that the American people have reached in safety and success their 40th year as an independent nation;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.1
  • Gunning Fog
    12.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    302
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.99
  • AFINN
    21.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05

    Entities

  • their 40th year
    [Date]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
James Madison
That for nearly an entire generation they have had experience of their present Constitution, the off-spring of their undisturbed deliberations and of their free choice; that they have found it to bear the trials of adverse as well as prosperous circumstances; to contain in its combination of the federate and elective principles a reconcilement of public strength with individual liberty, of national power for the defense of national rights with a security against wars of injustice, of ambition, and vain-glory in the fundamental provision which subjects all questions of war to the will of the nation itself, which is to pay its costs and feel its calamities.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    547
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    109
  • Syllables
    184
  • Words Per Sentence
    109
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.44
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
James Madison
Nor is it less a peculiar felicity of this Constitution, so dear to us all, that it is found to be capable, without losing its vital energies, of expanding itself over a spacious territory with the increase and expansion of the community for whose benefit it was established. And may I not be allowed to add to this gratifying spectacle that I shall read in the character of the American people, in their devotion to true liberty and to the Constitution which is its palladium, sure presages that the destined career of my country will exhibit a Government pursuing the public good as its sole object, and regulating its means by the great principles consecrated in its charger and by those moral principles to which they are so well allied;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    603
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    130
  • Syllables
    209
  • Words Per Sentence
    130
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.99
  • AFINN
    14.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
James Madison
A Government which watches over the purity of elections, the freedom of speech and of the press, the trial by jury, and the equal interdict against encroachments and compacts between religion and the state; which maintains inviolably the maxims of public faith, the security of persons and property, and encourages in every authorized mode the general diffusion of knowledge which guarantees to public liberty its permanency and to those who possess the blessing the true enjoyment of it;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    404
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    133
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • News/Politics
James Madison
A Government which avoids intrusions on the internal repose of other nations, and repels them from its own; which does justice to all nations with a readiness equal to the firmness with which it requires justice from them; and which, whilst it refines its domestic code from every ingredient not congenial with the precepts of an enlightened age and the sentiments of a virtuous people, seeks by appeals to reason and by its liberal examples to infuse into the law which governs the civilized world a spirit which may diminish the frequency or circumscribe the calamities of war, and meliorate the social and beneficent relations of peace;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    526
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    107
  • Syllables
    178
  • Words Per Sentence
    107
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
James Madison
A Government, in a word, whose conduct within and without may bespeak the most noble of ambitions - that of promoting peace on earth and good will to man.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.8
  • Gunning Fog
    14.1
  • Coleman Liau
    9.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    122
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    28
  • Syllables
    40
  • Words Per Sentence
    28
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.39

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    8.00

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
James Madison
These contemplations, sweetening the remnant of my days, will animate my prayers for the happiness of my beloved country, and a perpetuity of the institutions under which it is enjoyed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    152
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    30
  • Syllables
    51
  • Words Per Sentence
    30
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.88
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.06

    Topics

  • Arts & Entertainment
  • People & Society

    Entities

  • my days
    [Date]