William McKinley: State of the Union Written Message - December 5, 1899

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    113,180
  • Sentences
    718
  • Words
    23,011
  • Syllables
    38,301
  • Words Per Sentence
    23,011
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial
  • Law & Government/Government
William McKinley
To the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.4
  • Gunning Fog
    2.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    6.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    36
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    7
  • Syllables
    13
  • Words Per Sentence
    7
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
William McKinley
At the threshold of your deliberations you are called to mourn with your countrymen the death of Vice-President Hobart, who passed from this life on the morning of November 21 last. His great soul now rests in eternal peace. His private life was pure and elevated. while his public career was ever distinguished by large capacity, stainless integrity, and exalted motives.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.7
  • Gunning Fog
    11.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.8
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    302
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.54
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • Hobart
    [Person]
  • the morning of November 21 last
    [Time]
William McKinley
He has been removed from the high office which he honored and dignified, but his lofty character, his devotion to duty, his honesty of purpose, and noble virtues remain with us as a priceless legacy and example. The Fifty-sixth Congress convenes in its first regular session with the country in a condition of unusual prosperity, of universal good will among the people at home, and in relations of peace and friendship with every government of the world.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    370
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    129
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.99
  • AFINN
    16.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • Fifty-sixth
    [Cardinal Number]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
William McKinley
Our foreign commerce has shown great increase in volume and value. The combined imports and exports for the year are the largest ever shown by a single year in all our history. Our exports for 1899 alone exceeded by more than a billion dollars our imports and exports combined in 1870. The imports per capita are 20 per cent less than in 1870, while the exports per capita are 58 per cent more than in 1870, showing the enlarged capacity of the United States to satisfy the wants of its own increasing population, as well as to contribute to those of the peoples of other nations.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.3
  • Gunning Fog
    14.8
  • Coleman Liau
    9.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    448
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    106
  • Syllables
    151
  • Words Per Sentence
    106
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.41

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • 58
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1870
    [Date]
  • 1899
    [Date]
  • a single year
    [Date]
  • the year
    [Date]
  • 20 per cent
    [Money]
  • more than a billion dollars
    [Money]
William McKinley
Exports of agricultural products were $784,776,142. Of manufactured products we exported in value $339,592,146, being larger than any previous year. It is a noteworthy fact that the only years in all our history when the products of our manufactories sold abroad exceeded those bought abroad were 1898 and 1899. Government receipts from all sources for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1899, including $11,798,314,14, part payment of the Central Pacific Railroad indebtedness, aggregated $610,982,004.35. Customs receipts were $206,128,481.75, and those from internal revenue $273,437,161.51. For the fiscal year the expenditures were $700,093,564.02, leaving a deficit of $89,111,559.67. The Secretary of the Treasury estimates that the receipts for the current fiscal year will aggregate $640,958,112, and upon the basis of present appropriations the expenditures will aggregate $600,958,112, leaving a surplus of $40,000,000. For the fiscal year ended June 30, 1899, the internal-revenue receipts were increased about $100,000,000. The present gratifying strength of the Treasury is shown by the fact that on December 1, 1899, the available cash balance was $278,004,837.72, Of which $239,744,905.36 was in gold coin and bullion.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.8
  • Gunning Fog
    14.4
  • Coleman Liau
    7.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    815
  • Sentences
    9
  • Words
    208
  • Syllables
    270
  • Words Per Sentence
    208
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.3

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Agriculture & Forestry

    Entities

  • 1898
    [Date]
  • 1899
    [Date]
  • December 1, 1899
    [Date]
  • previous year
    [Date]
  • the current fiscal year
    [Date]
  • the fiscal year
    [Date]
  • the fiscal year ended June 30, 1899
    [Date]
  • the only years
    [Date]
  • 11,798,314,14
    [Money]
  • 206,128,481.75
    [Money]
  • 239,744,905.36
    [Money]
  • 273,437,161.51
    [Money]
  • 278,004,837.72
    [Money]
  • 339,592,146
    [Money]
  • 40,000,000
    [Money]
  • 600,958,112
    [Money]
  • 610,982,004.35
    [Money]
  • 640,958,112
    [Money]
  • 700,093,564.02
    [Money]
  • 784,776,142
    [Money]
  • 89,111,559.67
    [Money]
  • about $100,000,000
    [Money]
  • Customs
    [Organization]
  • the Central Pacific Railroad
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
William McKinley
The conditions of confidence which prevail throughout the country have brought gold into more general use and customs receipts are now almost entirely paid in that coin. The strong position of the Treasury with respect to cash on band and the favorable showing made by the revenues have made it possible for the Secretary of the Treasury to take action under the provisions of section 3694, Revised Statutes, relating to the sinking fund.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    358
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    123
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • section 3694, Revised Statutes
    [Law]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
William McKinley
Receipts exceeded expenditures for the first five months of the current fiscal year by $13,413,389.91, and, as mentioned above, the Secretary of the Treasury estimates that there will be a surplus of approximately $40,000,000 at the end of the year. Under such conditions it was deemed advisable and proper to resume compliance with the provisions of the sinking-fund law, which for eight years has not been done because of deficiencies in the revenues.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    349
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.45

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.20
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • eight years
    [Date]
  • the end of the year
    [Date]
  • the first five months
    [Date]
  • 13,413,389.91
    [Money]
  • approximately $40,000,000
    [Money]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
William McKinley
The Treasury Department therefore offered to purchase during November $25,000,000 of the 5 per cent loan of 1904, or the 4 per cent funded loan of 1907, at the current market price. The amount offered and purchased during November was $18,408,600. The premium paid by the Government on such purchases was $2,263,521 and the net saving in interest was about $2,885,000. The success of this operation was sufficient to induce the Government to continue the offer to purchase bonds to and including the 23d day of December, instant, unless the remainder of the $25,000,000 called for should be presented in the meantime for redemption Increased activity in industry, with its welcome attendant -- a larger employment for labor at higher wages -- gives to the body of the people a larger power to absorb the circulating medium.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    8.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    609
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    145
  • Syllables
    209
  • Words Per Sentence
    145
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.44

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Finance
  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • 1904
    [Date]
  • 1907
    [Date]
  • November
    [Date]
  • the 23d day of December
    [Date]
  • 18,408,600
    [Money]
  • 2,263,521
    [Money]
  • 25,000,000
    [Money]
  • 5 per cent
    [Money]
  • about $2,885,000
    [Money]
  • November $25,000,000
    [Money]
  • the 4 per cent
    [Money]
  • Government
    [Organization]
  • The Treasury Department
    [Organization]
William McKinley
It is further true that year by year, with larger areas of land under cultivation, the increasing volume of agricultural products, cotton, corn, and wheat, calls for a larger volume of money supply. This is especially noticeable at the crop-harvesting and crop-moving period. In its earlier history the National Banking Act seemed to prove a reasonable avenue through which needful additions to the circulation could from time to time be made.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    362
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    121
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.42
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • year
    [Date]
  • the National Banking Act
    [Law]
William McKinley
Changing conditions have apparently rendered it now inoperative to that end. The high margin in bond securities required, resulting from large premiums which Government bonds command in the market, or the tax on note issues, or both operating together, appear to be the influences which impair its public utility.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    259
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.82

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.30
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
William McKinley
The attention of Congress is respectfully invited to this important matter, with the view of ascertaining whether or not such reasonable modifications can be made in the National Banking Act as will render its service in the particulars here referred to more responsive to the people's needs. I again urge that national banks be authorized to organize with a capital of $25,000. I urgently recommend that to support the existing gold standard, and to maintain "the parity in value of the coins of the two metals (gold and silver) and the equal power of every dollar at all times in the market and in the payment of debts," the Secretary of the Treasury be given additional power and charged with the duty to sell United States bonds and to employ such other effective means as may be necessary to these ends.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    658
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    144
  • Syllables
    227
  • Words Per Sentence
    144
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    13.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Topics

  • News/Politics
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the National Banking Act
    [Law]
  • 25,000
    [Money]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
William McKinley
The authority should include the power to sell bonds on long and short time, as conditions may require, and should provide for a rate of interest lower than that fixed by the act of January 14, 1875. While there is now no commercial fright which withdraws gold from the Government, but, on the contrary, such widespread confidence that gold seeks the Treasury demanding paper money in exchange, yet the very situation points to the present as the most fitting time to make adequate provision to insure the continuance of the gold standard and of public confidence in the ability and purpose of the Government to meet all its obligations in the money which the civilized world recognizes as the best.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    565
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    120
  • Syllables
    188
  • Words Per Sentence
    120
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    14.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing/Stocks & Bonds

    Entities

  • January 14, 1875
    [Date]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
William McKinley
The financial transactions of the Government are conducted upon a gold basis. We receive gold when we sell United States bonds and use gold for their payment. We are maintaining the parity of all the money issued or coined by authority of the Government. We are doing these things with the means at hand.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.2
  • Gunning Fog
    9.8
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    11.8
  • ARI
    6.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.2
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.2
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    247
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    84
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.74
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Finance/Investing

    Entities

  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
William McKinley
Happily at the present time we are not compelled to resort to loans to supply gold.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    6.9
  • Gunning Fog
    6.4
  • Coleman Liau
    8.8
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    6.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.8
  • Sprache
    3.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.8
  • Sprache
    3.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    67
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    16
  • Syllables
    24
  • Words Per Sentence
    16
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.38

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.53
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.06
William McKinley
It has been done in the past, however, and may have to be done in the future. It behooves us, therefore, to provide at once the best means to meet the emergency when it arises, and the best means are those which are the most certain and economical. Those now authorized have the virtue neither of directness nor economy.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.1
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    9.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.9
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.9
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    254
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.44

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
William McKinley
We have already eliminated one of the causes of our financial plight and embarrassment during the years 1893, 1894, 1895, and 1896. Our receipts now equal our expenditures; deficient revenues no longer create alarm Let us remove the only remaining cause by conferring the full and necessary power on the Secretary of the Treasury and impose upon him the duty to uphold the present gold standard and preserve the coins of the two metals on a parity with each other, which is the repeatedly declared policy of the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    414
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    144
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.71
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1896
    [Date]
  • the years 1893, 1894, 1895
    [Date]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
William McKinley
In this connection I repeat my former recommendations that a portion of the gold holdings shall be placed in a trust fund from which greenbacks shall be redeemed upon presentation, but when once redeemed shall not thereafter be paid out except for gold. The value of an American merchant marine to the extension of our commercial trade and the strengthening of our power upon the sea invites the immediate action of the Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    354
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    116
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
William McKinley
Our national development will be one-sided and unsatisfactory so long as the remarkable growth of our inland industries remains unaccompanied by progress on the seas. There is no lack of constitutional authority for legislation which shall give to the country maritime strength commensurate with its industrial achievements and with its rank among the nations of the earth, The past year has recorded exceptional activity in our shipyards.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    369
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.82

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • The past year
    [Date]
  • earth
    [Location]
William McKinley
And the promises of continual prosperity in shipbuilding are abundant. Advanced legislation for the protection of our seamen has been enacted. Our coast trade, under regulations wisely framed at the beginning of the Government and since, shows results for the past fiscal year unequaled in our records or those of any other power.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.6
  • Gunning Fog
    15.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Statistics

  • Characters
    273
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.78
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Transportation & Logistics/Maritime Transport

    Entities

  • the beginning of the
    [Date]
  • the past fiscal year
    [Date]
William McKinley
We shall fail to realize our opportunities, however, if we complacently regard only matters at home and blind ourselves to the necessity of securing our share in the valuable carrying trade of the world. Last year American vessels transported a smaller share of our exports and imports than during any former year in all our history, and the measure of our dependence upon foreign shipping was painfully manifested to our people.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    354
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • Last year
    [Date]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
William McKinley
Without any choice of our own, but from necessity, the Departments of the Government charged with military and naval operations in the East and West Indies had to obtain from foreign flags merchant vessels essential for those operations. The other great nations have not hesitated to adopt the required means to develop their shipping as a factor in national defense and as one of the surest and speediest means of obtaining for their producers a share in foreign markets.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    390
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    79
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    79
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • East
    [Location]
  • West
    [Location]
William McKinley
Like vigilance and effort on our part cannot fail to improve our situation, which is regarded with humiliation at home and with surprise abroad. Even the seeming sacrifices, which at the beginning may be involved, will be offset later by more than equivalent gains. The expense is as nothing compared to the advantage to be achieved.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.1
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    272
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.61
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02
William McKinley
The reestablishment of our merchant marine involves in a large measure our continued industrial progress and the extension of our commercial triumphs. I am satisfied the judgment of the country favors the policy of aid to our merchant marine, which will broaden our commerce and markets and upbuild our sea-carrying capacity for the products of agriculture and manufacture;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    312
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • Hobbies & Leisure/Water Activities/Boating
William McKinley
Which, with the increase of our Navy, mean more work and wages to our countrymen, as well as a safeguard to American interests in every part of the world.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.1
  • Coleman Liau
    9.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    122
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    29
  • Syllables
    43
  • Words Per Sentence
    29
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.79
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Navy
    [Organization]
William McKinley
Combinations of capital organized into trusts to control the conditions of trade among our citizens, to stifle competition, limit production, and determine the prices of products used and consumed by the people, are justly provoking public discussion, and should early claim the attention of the Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    254
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    46
  • Syllables
    87
  • Words Per Sentence
    46
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.85

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.32
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Topics

  • Finance/Financial Planning & Management

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
William McKinley
The Industrial Commission, created by the act of the Congress of June 18, 1898, has been engaged in extended hearings upon the disputed questions involved in the subject of combinations in restraint of trade and competition. They have not yet completed their investigation of this subject, and the conclusions and recommendations at which they may arrive are undetermined.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    303
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.32
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • June 18, 1898
    [Date]
  • The Industrial Commission
    [Organization]
William McKinley
The subject is one giving rise to many divergent views as to the nature and variety or cause and extent of the 111juries to the public which may result from large combinations concentrating more or less numerous enterprises and establishments, which previously to the formation of the combination were carried on separately.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    268
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.34
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • People & Society
William McKinley
It is universally conceded that combinations which engross or control the market of any particular kind of merchandise or commodity necessary to the general community, by suppressing natural and ordinary competition, whereby prices are unduly enhanced to the general consumer, are obnoxious not only to the common law but also to the public welfare.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    292
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.06

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.06
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • News
  • Sports/Team Sports/Soccer
William McKinley
There must be a remedy for the evils involved in such organizations. If the present law can be extended more certainly to control or check these monopolies or trusts, it should be done without delay. Whatever power the Congress possesses over this most important subject should be promptly ascertained and asserted.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.5
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    4.4

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    4.4

    Statistics

  • Characters
    261
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.63
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
William McKinley
President Harrison in his annual message of December 3, 1889, says: Earnest attention should be given by Congress to a consideration of the question how far the restraint of those combinations of capital commonly called 11 trusts" is matter of Federal jurisdiction. When organized, as they often are, to crush out all 'healthy competition and to monopolize the production or sale of an article of commerce and general necessity they are dangerous conspiracies against the public good, and should be made the subject of prohibitory and even penal legislation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    457
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    89
  • Syllables
    161
  • Words Per Sentence
    89
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.60
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Topics

  • News/Politics
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • 11
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 27healthy
    [Cardinal Number]
  • December 3, 1889
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Harrison
    [Person]
William McKinley
An act to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies was passed by Congress on the 2d of July, 1890. The provisions of this statute are comprehensive and stringent. It declares every contract or combination, in the form of a trust or otherwise, or conspiracy in the restraint of trade or commerce among the several States or with foreign nations, to be unlawful.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.6
  • Gunning Fog
    14.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    313
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    105
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.54
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.09

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the 2d of July, 1890
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
William McKinley
It denominates as a criminal every person who makes any such contract or engages in any such combination or conspiracy, and provides a punishment by fine or imprisonment. It invests the several circuit courts of the United States with jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of the act, and makes it the duty of the several United States district attorneys, under the direction of the Attorney General, to institute proceedings in equity to prevent and restrain such violations.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    403
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    144
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.82

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.85
  • AFINN
    -9.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.10

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
William McKinley
It further confers upon any person who shall be injured in his business or property by any other person or corporation by reason of anything forbidden or declared to be unlawful by the act, the power to sue therefore in any circuit court of the United States without respect to the amount in controversy, and to recover threefold the damages by him sustained and the costs of the suit, including reasonable attorney fees.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    345
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.80
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
William McKinley
It will be perceived that the act is aimed at every kind of combination in the nature of a trust or monopoly in restraint of interstate or international commerce. The prosecution by the United States of offenses under the act of 1890 has been frequently resorted to in the Federal courts, and notable efforts in the restraint of interstate commerce, such as the Trans-Missouri Freight Association and the joint Traffic Association, have been successfully opposed and suppressed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    392
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    133
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1890
    [Date]
  • the Trans-Missouri Freight Association
    [Organization]
  • Traffic Association
    [Organization]
William McKinley
President Cleveland in his annual message of December 7, 1896 -- more than six years subsequent to the enactment of this law -- after stating the evils of these trust combinations, says: Though Congress has attempted to deal with this matter by legislation, the laws passed for that purpose thus far have proved ineffective, not because of any lack of disposition or attempt to enforce them, but simply because the laws themselves as interpreted by the courts do not reach the difficulty.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    391
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    133
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.10
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Cleveland
    [Country, City, State]
  • December 7, 1896
    [Date]
  • more than six years
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
William McKinley
If the insufficiencies of existing laws can be remedied by further legislation, it should be done. The fact must be recognized, however, that all Federal legislation on this subject may fall short of its purpose because of inherent obstacles, and also because of the complex character of our governmental system, which, while making the Federal authority supreme within its sphere, has carefully limited that sphere by metes and bounds which cannot be transgressed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    384
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    132
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
William McKinley
The decision of our highest court on this precise question renders it quite doubtful whether the evils of trusts and monopolies may be adequately treated through Federal action, unless they seek directly and purposely to include in their objects transportation or intercourse between States or between the United States and foreign countries.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    289
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.13
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
William McKinley
It does not follow, however, that this is the limit of the remedy that may be applied. Even though it may be found that Federal authority is not broad enough to fully reach the case, there can be no doubt of the power of the several States to act effectively in the premises, and there should be no reason to doubt their willingness to judiciously exercise such power.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    9.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    295
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.48
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Federal authority
    [Organization]
William McKinley
The State legislation to which President Cleveland looked for relief from the evils of trusts has failed to accomplish fully that object. This is probably due to a great extent to the fact that different States take different views as to the proper way to discriminate between evil and injurious combinations and those associations which are beneficial and necessary to the business prosperity of the country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    342
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • Cleveland
    [Country, City, State]
William McKinley
The great diversity of treatment in different States arising from this cause and the intimate relations of all parts of the country to each other without regarding State lines in the conduct of business have made the enforcement of State laws difficult. It is apparent that uniformity of legislation upon this subject in the several States is much to be desired.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    300
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    104
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.57
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • State
    [Organization]
William McKinley
It is to be hoped that such uniformity founded in a wise and just discrimination between what is injurious and what is useful and necessary in business operations may be obtained and that means may be found for the Congress within the limitations of its constitutional power so to supplement an effective code of State legislation as to make a complete system of laws throughout the United States adequate to compel a general observance of the salutary rules to which I have referred.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    401
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    83
  • Syllables
    146
  • Words Per Sentence
    83
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Topics

  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
William McKinley
The whole question is so important and far-reaching that I am sure no part of it will be lightly considered, but every phase of it will have the studied deliberation of the Congress, resulting in wise and judicious action. A review of our relations with foreign States is presented with such recommendations as are deemed appropriate.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    274
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.71
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
William McKinley
The long-pending boundary dispute between the Argentine Republic and Chile was settled in March last by the award of an arbitral commission, on which the United States minister at Buenos Ayres served as umpire. Progress has been made toward the conclusion of a convention of extradition with the Argentine Republic.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    262
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.75
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • Chile
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Argentine Republic
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • March
    [Date]
  • Buenos Ayres
    [Organization]
William McKinley
Having been advised and consented to by the United States Senate and ratified by Argentina, it only awaits the adjustment of some slight changes in the text before exchange. In my last annual message I adverted to the claim of the Austro-Hungarian Government for indemnity for the killing of certain Austrian and Hungarian subjects by the authorities of the State of Pennsylvania, at Lattimer, while suppressing an unlawful tumult of miners, September 10, 1897. In view of the verdict of acquittal rendered by the court before which the sheriff and his deputies were tried for murder, and following the established doctrine that the Government may not be held accountable for injuries suffered by individuals at the hands of the public authorities while acting in the line of duty in suppressing disturbance of the public peace, this Government, after due consideration of the claim advanced by the Austro-Hungarian Government, was constrained to decline liability to indemnify the sufferers.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    816
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    159
  • Syllables
    273
  • Words Per Sentence
    159
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.86
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Argentina
    [Country, City, State]
  • Austro
    [Country, City, State]
  • the State of Pennsylvania
    [Country, City, State]
  • September 10, 1897
    [Date]
  • Austrian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Hungarian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • the United States Senate
    [Organization]
  • Lattimer
    [Person]
William McKinley
It is gratifying to be able to announce that the Belgian Government has mitigated the restrictions on the importation of cattle from the United States, to which I referred in my last annual message. Having been invited by Belgium to participate in a congress, held at Brussels, to revise the provisions of the general act Of July 2, 1890, for the repression of the African slave trade, to which the United States was a signatory party, this Government preferred not to be represented by a plenipotentiary, but reserved the right of accession to the result.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    447
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    95
  • Syllables
    159
  • Words Per Sentence
    95
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.61
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Belgium
    [Country, City, State]
  • Brussels
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • July 2, 1890
    [Date]
  • African
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • the Belgian Government
    [Organization]
William McKinley
Notable changes were made, those especially concerning this country being in the line of the increased restriction of the deleterious trade in spirituous liquors with the native tribes, which this Government has from the outset urgently advocated. The amended general act will be laid before the Senate, with a view to its advice and consent.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    283
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Senate
    [Organization]
William McKinley
Early in the year the peace of Bolivia was disturbed by a successful insurrection. The United States minister remained at his post, attending to the American interests in that quarter, and using besides his good offices for the protection of the interests of British subjects in the absence of their national representative.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    269
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Bolivia
    [Country, City, State]
  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the year
    [Date]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
William McKinley
On the establishment of the new Government, our minister was directed to enter into relations therewith. General Pando was elected President of Bolivia on October 23. Our representative has been instructed to use all permissible friendly endeavors to induce the Government of Bolivia to amend its marriage laws so as to give legal status to the non-Catholic and civil marriages of aliens within its jurisdiction, and strong hopes are entertained that the Bolivian law in this regard will be brought, as was that of Peru some years ago, into harmony with the general practice of modern States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    486
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    98
  • Syllables
    171
  • Words Per Sentence
    98
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Bolivia
    [Country, City, State]
  • Peru
    [Country, City, State]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • October 23
    [Date]
  • some years ago
    [Date]
  • the non-Catholic and civil marriages of aliens
    [Law]
  • Bolivian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Pando
    [Person]
William McKinley
A convention of extradition with Brazil, signed May 14, 1897, has been rati6ed by the Brazilian Legislature. During the past summer two national ships of the United States have visited Brazilian ports on a friendly mission and been cordially received. The voyage of the Wilininglon up the Amazon River gave rise to a passing misunderstanding, owing to confusion in obtaining permission to visit the interior and make surveys in the general interest of navigation, but the incident found a ready adjustment in harmony with the close relations of amity which this Government has always sedulously sought to cultivate with the commonwealths of the Western Continent.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    544
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    105
  • Syllables
    191
  • Words Per Sentence
    105
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Brazil
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • May 14, 1897
    [Date]
  • the past summer
    [Date]
  • the Amazon River
    [Location]
  • the Western Continent
    [Location]
  • Brazilian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • rati6ed
    [Organization]
  • the Brazilian Legislature
    [Organization]
  • Wilininglon
    [Person]
William McKinley
The claim growing out of the seizure of the American-owned newspaper "The Panama Star and Herald" by the authorities of Colombia has been settled, after a controversy of several years, by an agreement assessing at $30,000 the indemnity to be paid by the Colombian Government, in three installments of $10,000 each.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    251
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    55
  • Syllables
    85
  • Words Per Sentence
    55
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.60
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • three
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Colombia
    [Country, City, State]
  • several years
    [Date]
  • 10,000
    [Money]
  • 30,000
    [Money]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • the Colombian Government
    [Organization]
  • The Panama Star and Herald
    [Title]