Richard Nixon: State of the Union Written Message - January 20, 1972

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    84,906
  • Sentences
    753
  • Words
    17,426
  • Syllables
    28,776
  • Words Per Sentence
    17,426
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Topics

  • News/Politics
Richard Nixon
To the Congress of the United States:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    4.0
  • Gunning Fog
    2.8
  • Coleman Liau
    9.4
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    2.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    30
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    7
  • Syllables
    9
  • Words Per Sentence
    7
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.43

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.42
  • AFINN
    1.00

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Richard Nixon
It was just 3 years ago today that I took the oath of office as President. I opened my address that day by suggesting that some moments in history stand out "as moments of beginning," when "courses are set that shape decades or centuries." I went on to say that "this can be such a moment." Looking back 3 years later, I would suggest that it was such a moment -- a time in which new courses were set on which we now are traveling.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.9
  • Gunning Fog
    11.2
  • Coleman Liau
    7.4
  • SMOG
    9.7
  • ARI
    8.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    355
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.24

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Entities

  • 3 years later
    [Date]
  • centuries
    [Date]
  • decades
    [Date]
  • just 3 years ago
    [Date]
  • today
    [Date]
Richard Nixon
Just how profoundly these new courses will shape our decade or our century is still an unanswered question, however, as we enter the fourth year of this administration. For moments of beginning will mean very little in history unless we also have the determination to follow up on those beginnings. Setting the course is not enough.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.4
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.9
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.9
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    272
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.40
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Jobs & Education/Education

    Entities

  • our century
    [Date]
  • our decade
    [Date]
  • the fourth year
    [Date]
Richard Nixon
Staying the course is an equally important challenge. Good government involves both the responsibility for making fresh starts and the responsibility for perseverance. The responsibility for perseverance is one that is shared by the President, the public, and the Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.4
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    3.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    3.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    229
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    40
  • Syllables
    79
  • Words Per Sentence
    40
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.85

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Richard Nixon
-- We have come a long way, for example, on the road to ending the Vietnam war and to improving relations with our adversaries. But these initiatives will depend for their lasting meaning on our persistence in seeing them through.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    15.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    185
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    39
  • Syllables
    59
  • Words Per Sentence
    39
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.26
  • Harvard IV
    0.02

    Entities

  • the Vietnam war
    [Event]
Richard Nixon
-- The magnificent cooperation of the American people has enabled us to make substantial progress in curbing inflation and in reinvigorating our economy. But the new prosperity we seek can be completed only if the public continues in its commitment to economic responsibility and discipline.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    243
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    44
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    44
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.05

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    12.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.18
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.06

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Richard Nixon
-- Encouraging new starts have also been made over the last 3 years in treating our domestic ills. But continued progress now requires the Congress to act on its large and growing backlog of pending legislation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.4
  • Gunning Fog
    10.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    10.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    171
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    35
  • Syllables
    55
  • Words Per Sentence
    35
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.79
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • the last 3 years
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Richard Nixon
America's agenda for action is already well established as we enter 1972. It will grow in the weeks ahead as we present still more initiatives. But we dare not let the emergence of new business obscure the urgency of old business. Our new agenda will be little more than an empty gesture if we abandon -- or even de-emphasize-that part of the old agenda which is yet unfinished.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.4
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    9.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    7.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    298
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.71
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • 1972
    [Date]
  • the weeks ahead
    [Date]
Header
GETTING OURSELVES TOGETHER

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    1.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    0.1
  • Sprache
    1.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    0.1
  • Sprache
    1.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    24
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    3
  • Syllables
    8
  • Words Per Sentence
    3
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.33

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    13.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05
Richard Nixon
One measure of the Nation's progress in these first years of the seventies is the improvement in our national morale. While the 1960'S were a time of great accomplishment, they were also a time of growing confusion. Our recovery from that condition is not complete, but we have made a strong beginning. Then we were a shaken and uncertain people, but now we are recovering our confidence.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.7
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    309
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    108
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.55
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • 1960'S
    [Cardinal Number]
  • One
    [Cardinal Number]
  • these first years of the seventies
    [Date]
Richard Nixon
Then we were divided and suspicious, but now we are renewing our sense of common purpose. Then we were surrounded by shouting and posturing, but we have been learning once again to lower our voices. And we have also been learning to listen. A history of the 1960's was recently published under the title, Coming Apart.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.2
  • Gunning Fog
    11.3
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    6.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    251
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.39
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • 1960's
    [Cardinal Number]
Richard Nixon
But today we can say with confidence that we are coming apart no longer. The "center" of American life has held, and once again we are getting ourselves together.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.4
  • Gunning Fog
    10.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    7.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.4
  • Sprache
    3.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.4
  • Sprache
    3.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    137
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    30
  • Syllables
    49
  • Words Per Sentence
    30
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Entities

  • today
    [Date]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Header
THE SPIRIT OF REASON AND REALISM

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.4
  • Gunning Fog
    2.4
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    2.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.9
  • Sprache
    1.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.9
  • Sprache
    1.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    27
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    6
  • Syllables
    11
  • Words Per Sentence
    6
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.83

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.66
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04
Richard Nixon
Under the pressures of an election year, it would be easy to look upon the legislative program merely as a political device and not as a serious agenda. We must resist this temptation. The year ahead of us holds precious time in which to accomplish good for this Nation and we must not, we dare not, waste it.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.2
  • Gunning Fog
    12.6
  • Coleman Liau
    9.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    246
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    85
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.99
  • AFINN
    18.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • News/Politics

    Entities

  • an election year
    [Date]
  • The year ahead
    [Date]
Richard Nixon
Our progress depends on a continuing spirit of partnership between the President and the Congress, between the House and the Senate, between Republicans and Democrats. That spirit does not require us always to agree with one another but it does require us to approach our tasks, together, in a spirit of reason and realism.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    264
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    87
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.61
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • News/Politics

    Entities

  • Democrats
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Republicans
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • House
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Richard Nixon
Clear words are the great servant of reason. Intemperate words are the great enemy of reason. The cute slogan, the glib headline, the clever retort, the appeal to passion -- these are not the way to truth or to good public policy. To be dedicated to clear thinking, to place the interests of all above the interests of the few, to hold to ultimate values and to curb momentary passions, to think more about the next generation and less about the next election -- these are now our special challenges.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.8
  • Gunning Fog
    14.7
  • Coleman Liau
    10.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    397
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    88
  • Syllables
    136
  • Words Per Sentence
    88
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.28
  • AFINN
    -6.00

    Topics

  • Reference
Header
ENDING THE WAR

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    1.3
  • Gunning Fog
    1.2
  • Coleman Liau
    7.7
  • SMOG
    3.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    0.1
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    0.1
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    12
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    3
  • Syllables
    4
  • Words Per Sentence
    3
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.33

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.81
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Richard Nixon
The condition of a nation's spirit cannot be measured with precision, but some of the factors which influence that spirit can. I believe the most dramatic single measurement of the distance we have traveled in the last 36 months is found in the statistics concerning our involvement in the war in Vietnam.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    248
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    87
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.97
  • AFINN
    -16.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Vietnam
    [Country, City, State]
  • the last 36 months
    [Date]
Richard Nixon
On January 20, 1969 our authorized troop ceiling in Vietnam was 549,500. And there was no withdrawal plan to bring these men home. On seven occasions since that time, I have announced withdrawal decisions -- involving a total of 480,500 troops. As a result, our troop ceiling will be only 69,000 by May 1. This means that in 3 years we will have cut our troop strength in Vietnam by 87 percent.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    4.2
  • Gunning Fog
    9.2
  • Coleman Liau
    6.7
  • SMOG
    10.0
  • ARI
    4.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    3.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    3.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    283
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.19

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • 480,500
    [Cardinal Number]
  • only 69,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • seven
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Vietnam
    [Country, City, State]
  • 3 years
    [Date]
  • 549,500
    [Date]
  • January 20, 1969
    [Date]
  • May 1
    [Date]
  • 87 percent
    [Percent]
Richard Nixon
As we proceed toward our goal of a South Vietnam fully able to defend itself, we will reduce that level still further. In this same period, expenditures connected with the war have been cut drastically. There has been a drop of well over 50 percent in American air activity in all of Southeast Asia. Our ground combat role has been ended.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.0
  • Gunning Fog
    9.4
  • Coleman Liau
    10.3
  • SMOG
    10.3
  • ARI
    7.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    270
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    18.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • South Vietnam
    [Country, City, State]
  • Southeast Asia
    [Location]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • well over 50 percent
    [Percent]
Richard Nixon
Most importantly, there has been a reduction of 95 percent in combat deaths. Our aim is to cut the death and casualty toll by 100 percent, to obtain the release of those who are prisoners of war, and to end the fighting altogether. It is my hope that we can end this tragic conflict through negotiation. If we cannot, then we will end it through Vietnamization.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.5
  • Gunning Fog
    10.2
  • Coleman Liau
    9.4
  • SMOG
    10.8
  • ARI
    7.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    283
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.41

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.46
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Vietnamization
    [Location]
  • 100 percent
    [Percent]
  • 95 percent
    [Percent]
Richard Nixon
But end it we shall in a way which fulfills our commitment to the people of South Vietnam and which gives them the chance for which they have already sacrificed so much -- the chance to choose their own future.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.7
  • Coleman Liau
    9.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    168
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    39
  • Syllables
    54
  • Words Per Sentence
    39
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.26

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10

    Entities

  • South Vietnam
    [Country, City, State]
Header
THE LESSONS OF CHANGE

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    0.7
  • Gunning Fog
    1.6
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    3.3
  • ARI
    1.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    0.2
  • Sprache
    1.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    0.2
  • Sprache
    1.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    18
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    4
  • Syllables
    5
  • Words Per Sentence
    4
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.25

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05
Richard Nixon
The American people have learned many lessons in the wake of Vietnam-some helpful and some dangerous. One important lesson is that we can best serve our own interests in the world by setting realistic limits on what we try to accomplish unilaterally. For the peace of the world will be more secure, and its progress more rapid, as more nations come to share more fully in the responsibilities for peace and for progress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.9
  • Gunning Fog
    13.7
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    342
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    121
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.40
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • One
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Vietnam
    [Country, City, State]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Richard Nixon
At the same time, to conclude that the United States should now withdraw from all or most of its international responsibilities would be to make a dangerous error. There has been a tendency among some to swing from one extreme to the other in the wake of Vietnam, from wanting to do too much in the world to wanting to do too little.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.1
  • Coleman Liau
    9.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    267
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.4

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.40
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.21
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Vietnam
    [Country, City, State]
Richard Nixon
We must resist this temptation to over-react. We must stop the swinging pendulum before it moves to an opposite position, and forge instead an attitude toward the world which is balanced and sensible and realistic. America has an important role to play in international affairs, a great influence to exert for good.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.1
  • Gunning Fog
    15.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    258
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    90
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.76
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.25
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.10

    Entities

  • America
    [Country, City, State]
Richard Nixon
As we have throughout this century, we must continue our profound concern for advancing peace and freedom, by the most effective means possible, even as we shift somewhat our view of what means are most effective. This is our policy:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.2
  • Gunning Fog
    16.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    189
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    40
  • Syllables
    64
  • Words Per Sentence
    40
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.25
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.10

    Entities

  • this century
    [Date]
Richard Nixon
-- We will maintain a nuclear deterrent adequate to meet any threat to the security of the United States or of our allies.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.8
  • Gunning Fog
    14.3
  • Coleman Liau
    10.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    97
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    22
  • Syllables
    35
  • Words Per Sentence
    22
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Richard Nixon
-- We will help other nations develop the capability of defending themselves.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    2.4

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    2.4

    Statistics

  • Characters
    63
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    11
  • Syllables
    21
  • Words Per Sentence
    11
  • Syllables Per Word
    2
Richard Nixon
-- We will faithfully honor all of our treaty commitments.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.6
  • Gunning Fog
    12.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    7.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    2.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    2.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    46
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    15
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.74
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.10
Richard Nixon
-- We will act to defend our interests whenever and wherever they are threatened any place in the world.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.1
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.5
  • Sprache
    3.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.5
  • Sprache
    3.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    83
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    18
  • Syllables
    29
  • Words Per Sentence
    18
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.73
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07
Richard Nixon
-- But where our interests or our treaty commitments are not involved our role will be limited.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.4
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    3.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    3.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    76
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    16
  • Syllables
    28
  • Words Per Sentence
    16
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.13
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
Richard Nixon
-- We will not intervene militarily.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    7.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    1.4

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    1.4

    Statistics

  • Characters
    28
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    5
  • Syllables
    12
  • Words Per Sentence
    5
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.2

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.38
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01
Richard Nixon
-- But we will use our influence to prevent war.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    3.7
  • Gunning Fog
    8.0
  • Coleman Liau
    7.7
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    1.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    1.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    1.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    36
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    14
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.33

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.70
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04
Richard Nixon
-- If war comes we will use our influence to try to stop it.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    3.1
  • Gunning Fog
    8.3
  • Coleman Liau
    4.1
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    1.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    1.9
  • Sprache
    2.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    1.9
  • Sprache
    2.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    44
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    13
  • Syllables
    18
  • Words Per Sentence
    13
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.15

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    14.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03
Richard Nixon
-- Once war is over we will do our share in helping to bind up the wounds of those who have participated in it.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.3
  • Gunning Fog
    10.9
  • Coleman Liau
    6.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    7.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.5
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.5
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    85
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    23
  • Syllables
    32
  • Words Per Sentence
    23
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.26

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02
Header
OPENING NEW LINES OF COMMUNICATION

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    2.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    1.4

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    1.4

    Statistics

  • Characters
    30
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    5
  • Syllables
    12
  • Words Per Sentence
    5
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.2

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.71
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05
Richard Nixon
Even as we seek to deal more realistically with our partners, so we must also deal more realistically with those who have been our adversaries. In the last year we have made a number of notable advances toward this goal. In our dealings with the Soviet Union, for example, we have been able, together with our allies, to reach an historic agreement concerning Berlin.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.9
  • Gunning Fog
    14.8
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    4.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    296
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • Berlin
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Soviet Union
    [Country, City, State]
  • the last year
    [Date]
Richard Nixon
We have advanced the prospects for limiting strategic armaments. We have moved toward greater cooperation in space research and toward improving our economic relationships. There have been disappointments such as South Asia and uncertainties such as the Middle East. But there has also been progress we can build on.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.7
  • Gunning Fog
    12.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.8
  • ARI
    10.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    264
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.10
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • South Asia
    [Location]
  • the Middle East
    [Location]
Richard Nixon
It is to build on the progress of the past and to lay the foundations for greater progress in the future that I will soon be visiting the capitals of both the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. These visits will help to fulfill the promise I made in my Inaugural address when I said "that during this administration our lines of communication will be open," so that we can help create "an open world-open to ideas, open to the exchange of goods and people, a world in which no people, great or small, will live in angry isolation." It is in this spirit that I will undertake these journeys.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    495
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    117
  • Syllables
    165
  • Words Per Sentence
    117
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.43

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • the People's Republic of China
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Soviet Union
    [Country, City, State]
Richard Nixon
We must also be realistic, however, about the scope of our differences with these governments. My visits will mean. not that our differences have disappeared or will disappear in the near future. But peace depends on the ability of great powers to live together on the same planet despite their differences.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.8
  • Gunning Fog
    12.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.1
  • Sprache
    3.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.1
  • Sprache
    3.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    251
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.68
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
Richard Nixon
The important thing is that we talk about these differences rather than fight about them. It would be a serious mistake to say that nothing can come of our expanded communications with Peking and Moscow. But it would also be a mistake to expect too much too quickly. It would also be wrong to focus so much attention on these new opportunities that we neglect our old friends.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.6
  • Gunning Fog
    10.9
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    10.8
  • ARI
    8.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.7
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.7
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    305
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.67
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • Moscow
    [Country, City, State]
  • Peking
    [Country, City, State]
Richard Nixon
That is why I have met in the last few weeks with the leaders of two of our hemisphere neighbors, Canada and Brazil, with the leaders of three great European nations, and with the Prime Minister of Japan. I believe these meetings were extremely successful in cementing our understandings with these governments as we move forward together in a fast changing period.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    299
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.05
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • three
    [Cardinal Number]
  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Brazil
    [Country, City, State]
  • Canada
    [Country, City, State]
  • Japan
    [Country, City, State]
  • the last few weeks
    [Date]
  • European
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Richard Nixon
Our consultations with our allies may not receive as much attention as our talks with potential adversaries. But this makes them no less important. The cornerstone of our foreign policy remains -- and will remain -- our close bonds with our friends around the world.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.8
  • Gunning Fog
    12.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    3.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    3.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    215
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    43
  • Syllables
    68
  • Words Per Sentence
    43
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.61
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • People & Society
Header
A STRONG DEFENSE: THE GUARDIAN OF PEACE

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    5.7
  • Gunning Fog
    2.8
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    3.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.6
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.6
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    32
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    7
  • Syllables
    11
  • Words Per Sentence
    7
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03
Richard Nixon
There are two additional elements which are critical to our efforts to strengthen the structure of peace. The first of these is the military strength of the United States. In the last 3 years we have been moving from a wartime to a peacetime footing, from a period of continued confrontation and arms competition to a period of negotiation and potential arms limitation, from a period when America often acted as policeman for the world to a period when other nations are assuming greater responsibility for their own defense.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    432
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    89
  • Syllables
    151
  • Words Per Sentence
    89
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • America
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the last 3 years
    [Date]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Richard Nixon
I was recently encouraged, for example, by the decision of our European allies to increase their share of the NATO defense budget by some $1 billion. As a part of this process, we have ended the production of chemical and biological weaponry and have converted two of our largest facilities for such production to humanitarian research.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    274
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • some $1 billion
    [Money]
  • European
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • NATO
    [Organization]
Richard Nixon
We have been able to reduce and in some periods even to eliminate draft calls. In 1971, draft calls -- which were as high as 382,000 at the peak of the Vietnam war -- fell below 100,000, the lowest level since 1962. In the coming year they will be significantly lower. I am confident that by the middle of next year we can achieve our goal of reducing draft calls to zero.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    6.3
  • Gunning Fog
    10.0
  • Coleman Liau
    6.2
  • SMOG
    9.7
  • ARI
    5.2

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    269
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.26

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • 100,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • as high as 382,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • zero
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 1962
    [Date]
  • 1971
    [Date]
  • the coming year
    [Date]
  • the middle of next year
    [Date]
  • the Vietnam war
    [Event]
Richard Nixon
As a result of all these developments, our defense spending has fallen to 7 percent of our gross national product in the current fiscal year, compared with 8.3 percent in 1964 and 9.5 percent in 1968. That figure will be down to 6.4 percent in fiscal year 1973. Without sacrificing any of our security interests, we have been able to bring defense spending below the level of human resource spending for the first time in 20 years.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.0
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    9.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    325
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.4

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • 1964
    [Date]
  • 1968
    [Date]
  • 20 years
    [Date]
  • fiscal year 1973
    [Date]
  • the current fiscal year
    [Date]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • 6.4 percent
    [Percent]
  • 7 percent
    [Percent]
  • 8.3 percent
    [Percent]
  • 9.5 percent
    [Percent]
Richard Nixon
This condition is maintained in my new budget -- which also, for the first time, allocates more money to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare than to the Department of Defense. But just as we avoid extreme reactions in our political attitudes toward the world, so we must avoid over-reacting as we plan for our defense.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.6
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    265
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.99
  • AFINN
    30.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • the Department of Defense
    [Organization]
  • the Department of Health, Education
    [Organization]
  • Welfare
    [Organization]