Franklin Pierce: State of the Union Written Message - December 5, 1853

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    47,078
  • Sentences
    233
  • Words
    9,676
  • Syllables
    15,891
  • Words Per Sentence
    9,676
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Franklin Pierce
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and of the House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.1
  • Gunning Fog
    4.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    7.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.4
  • Sprache
    2.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.4
  • Sprache
    2.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    55
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    11
  • Syllables
    20
  • Words Per Sentence
    11
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Entities

  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the House of Representatives
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
The interest with which the people of the Republic anticipate the assembling of Congress and the fulfillment on that occasion of the duty imposed upon a new President is one of the best evidences of their capacity to realize the hopes of the founders of a political system at once complex and symmetrical.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    252
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    7.00

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
While the different branches of the Government are to a certain extent independent of each other, the duties of all alike have direct reference to the source of power. Fortunately, under this system no man is so high and none so humble in the scale of public station as to escape from the scrutiny or to be exempt from the responsibility which all official functions imply.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    304
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.25
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
Franklin Pierce
Upon the justice and intelligence of the masses, in a government thus organized, is the sole reliance of the confederacy and the only security for honest and earnest devotion to its interests against the usurpations and encroachment of power on the one hand and the assaults of personal ambition on the other.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    255
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05
Franklin Pierce
The interest of which I have spoken is inseparable from an inquiring, self-governing community, but stimulated, doubtless, at the present time by the unsettled condition of our relations with several foreign powers, by the new obligations resulting from a sudden extension of the field of enterprise, by the spirit with which that field has been entered and the amazing energy with which its resources for meeting the demands of humanity have been developed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    378
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
Franklin Pierce
Although disease, assuming at one time the characteristics of a widespread and devastating pestilence, has left its sad traces upon some portions of our country, we have still the most abundant cause for reverent thankfulness to God for an accumulation of signal mercies showered upon us as a nation. It is well that a consciousness of rapid advancement and increasing strength be habitually associated with an abiding sense of dependence upon Him who holds in His hands the destiny of men and of nations.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    417
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    148
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.27
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
Franklin Pierce
Recognizing the wisdom of the broad principle of absolute religious toleration proclaimed in our fundamental law, and rejoicing in the benign influence which it has exerted upon our social and political condition, I should shrink from a clear duty did I fail to express my deepest conviction that we can place no secure reliance upon any apparent progress if it be not sustained by national integrity, resting upon the great truths affirmed and illustrated by divine revelation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    398
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    143
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    12.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.17
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • People & Society/Religion & Belief
Franklin Pierce
In the midst of our sorrow for the afflicted and suffering, it has been consoling to see how promptly disaster made true neighbors of districts and cities separated widely from each other, and cheering to watch the strength of that common bond of brotherhood which unites all hearts, in all parts of this Union, when danger threatens from abroad or calamity impends over us at home.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    312
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.67
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Topics

  • People & Society
Franklin Pierce
Our diplomatic relations with foreign powers have undergone no essential changesince the adjournment of the last Congress. With some of them questions of a disturbing character are still pending, but there are good reasons to believe that these may all be amicably adjusted. For some years past Great Britain has so construed the first article of the convention of the 20th of April, 1818, in regard to the fisheries on the northeastern coast, as to exclude our citizens from some of the fishing grounds to which they freely resorted for nearly a quarter of a century subsequent to the date of that treaty.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    491
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    103
  • Syllables
    159
  • Words Per Sentence
    103
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.88
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • some years
    [Date]
  • the northeastern coast
    [Location]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the convention of the 20th of
    [Title]
Franklin Pierce
The United States have never acquiesced in this construction, but have always claimed for their fishermen all the rights which they had so long enjoyed without molestation. With a view to remove all difficulties on the subject, to extend the rights of our fishermen beyond the limits fixed by the convention of 1818, and to regulate trade between the United States and the British North American Provinces, a negotiation has been opened with a fair prospect of a favorable result.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    391
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    132
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • The United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1818
    [Date]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • North American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Franklin Pierce
To protect our fishermen in the enjoyment of their rights and prevent collision between them and British fishermen, I deemed it expedient to station a naval force in that quarter during the fishing season. Embarrassing questions have also arisen between the two Governments in regard to Central America. Great Britain has proposed to settle them by an amicable arrangement, and our minister at London is instructed to enter into negotiations on that subject.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    381
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    127
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.74
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Hobbies & Leisure

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • London
    [Country, City, State]
  • that quarter
    [Date]
  • the fishing season
    [Date]
  • Central America
    [Location]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Franklin Pierce
A commission for adjusting the claims of our citizens against Great Britain and those of British subjects against the United States, organized under the convention of the 8th of February last, is now sitting in London for the transaction of business. It is in many respects desirable that the boundary line between the United States and the British Provinces in the northwest, as designated in the convention of the 15th of June, 1846, and especially that part which separates the Territory of Washington from the British possessions on the north, should be traced and marked.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    467
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    95
  • Syllables
    156
  • Words Per Sentence
    95
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • Great Britain
    [Country, City, State]
  • London
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Washington
    [Country, City, State]
  • the 15th of June, 1846
    [Date]
  • the 8th of February last
    [Date]
  • Territory
    [Location]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Franklin Pierce
I therefore present the subject to your notice. With France our relations continue on the most friendly footing. The extensive commerce between the United States and that country might, it is conceived, be released from some unnecessary restrictions to the mutual advantage of both parties. With a view to this object, some progress has been made in negotiating a treaty of commerce and navigation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.4
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.4

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.4

    Statistics

  • Characters
    328
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Entities

  • France
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
Independently of our valuable trade with Spain, we have important political relations with her growing out of our neighborhood to the islands of Cuba and Porto Rico. I am happy to announce that since the last Congress no attempts have been made by unauthorized expeditions within the United States against either of those colonies.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    275
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • Cuba
    [Country, City, State]
  • Porto Rico
    [Country, City, State]
  • Spain
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Should any movement be manifested within our limits, all the means at my command will be vigorously exerted to repress it. Several annoying occurrences have taken place at Havana, or in the vicinity of the island of Cuba, between our citizens and the Spanish authorities. Considering the proximity of that island to our shores, lying, as it does, in the track of trade between some of our principal cities, and the suspicious vigilance with which foreign intercourse, particularly that with the United States, is there guarded, a repetition of such occurrences may well be apprehended.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    478
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    95
  • Syllables
    166
  • Words Per Sentence
    95
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.68
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Cuba
    [Country, City, State]
  • Havana
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Spanish
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Franklin Pierce
As no diplomatic intercourse is allowed between our consul at Havana and the Captain-General of Cuba, ready explanations can not be made or prompt redress afforded where injury has resulted. All complaint on the part of our citizens under the present arrangement must be, in the first place, presented to this Government and then referred to Spain.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    286
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.57
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Cuba
    [Country, City, State]
  • Havana
    [Country, City, State]
  • Spain
    [Country, City, State]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Franklin Pierce
Spain again refers it to her local authorities in Cuba for investigation, and postpones an answer till she has heard from those authorities. To avoid these irritating and vexatious delays, a proposition has been made to provide for a direct appeal for redress to the Captain-General by our consul in behalf of our injured fellow-citizens.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    278
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.84
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Topics

  • Sensitive Subjects

    Entities

  • Cuba
    [Country, City, State]
  • Spain
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
Hitherto the Government of Spain has declined to enter into any such arrangement. This course on her part is deeply regretted, for without some arrangement of this kind the good understanding between the two countries may be exposed to occasional interruption. Our minister at Madrid is instructed to renew the proposition and to press it again upon the consideration of Her Catholic Majesty's Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    337
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.78

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.36
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Madrid
    [Country, City, State]
  • Spain
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
For several years Spain has been calling the attention of this Government to a claim for losses by some of her subjects in the case of the schooner Amistad. This claim is believed to rest on the obligations imposed by our existing treaty with that country. Its justice was admitted in our diplomatic correspondence with the Spanish Government as early as March, 1847, and one of my predecessors, in his annual message of that year, recommended that provision should be made for its payment.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    396
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.38
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Spain
    [Country, City, State]
  • several years
    [Date]
  • that year
    [Date]
  • Amistad
    [Organization]
  • the Spanish Government
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
In January last it was again submitted to Congress by the Executive. It has received a favorable consideration by committees of both branches, but as yet there has been no final action upon it. I conceive that good faith requires its prompt adjustment, and I present it to your early and favorable consideration.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.1
  • Gunning Fog
    12.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    255
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    93
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Entities

  • January
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Martin Koszta, a Hungarian by birth, came to this country in 1850, and declared his intention in due form of law to become a citizen of the United States. After remaining here nearly two years he visited Turkey. While at Smyrna he was forcibly seized, taken on board an Austrian brig of war then lying in the harbor of that place, and there confined in irons, with the avowed design to take him into the dominions of Austria.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.9
  • Gunning Fog
    14.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    335
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.67
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Austria
    [Country, City, State]
  • Smyrna
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Turkey
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1850
    [Date]
  • nearly two years
    [Date]
  • Austrian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Hungarian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Martin Koszta
    [Person]
Franklin Pierce
Our consul at Smyrna and legation at Constantinople interposed for his release, but their efforts were ineffectual. While thus in prison Commander Ingraham, with the United States ship of war St. Louis, arrived at Smyrna, and after inquiring into the circumstances of the case came to the conclusion that Koszta was entitled to the protection of this Government, and took energetic and prompt measures for his release.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    344
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.53
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Smyrna
    [Country, City, State]
  • St. Louis
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constantinople
    [Infrastructure]
  • Ingraham
    [Person]
  • Koszta
    [Person]
Franklin Pierce
Under an arrangement between the agents of the United States and of Austria, he was transferred to the custody of the French consul-general at Smyrna, there to remain until he should be disposed of by the mutual agreement of the consuls of the respective Governments at that place. Pursuant to that agreement, he has been released, and is now in the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    295
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • Austria
    [Country, City, State]
  • Smyrna
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • French
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Franklin Pierce
The Emperor of Austria has made the conduct of our officers who took part in this transaction a subject of grave complaint. Regarding Koszta as still his subject, and claiming a right to seize him within the limits of the Turkish Empire, he has demanded of this Government its consent to the surrender of the prisoner, a disavowal of the acts of its agents, and satisfaction for the alleged outrage.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.6
  • Coleman Liau
    11.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    324
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.83
  • AFINN
    -9.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.09

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Austria
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Turkish Empire
    [Country, City, State]
  • Koszta
    [Person]
Franklin Pierce
After a careful consideration of the case I came to the conclusion that Koszta was seized without legal authority at Smyrna; that he was wrongfully detained on board of the Austrian brig of war; that at the time of his seizure he was clothed with the nationality of the United States, and that the acts of our officers, under the circumstances of the case, were justifiable, and their conduct has been fully approved by me, and a compliance with the several demands of the Emperor of Austria has been declined.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    413
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    141
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.18
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Austria
    [Country, City, State]
  • Smyrna
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Austrian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Koszta
    [Person]
Franklin Pierce
For a more full account of this transaction and my views in regard to it I refer to the correspondence between the charge d'affaires of Austria and the Secretary of State, which is herewith transmitted. The principles and policy therein maintained on the part of the United States will, whenever a proper occasion occurs, be applied and enforced.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    283
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.42
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Entities

  • Austria
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • therein
    [Person]
Franklin Pierce
The condition of China at this time renders it probable that some important changes will occur in that vast Empire which will lead to a more unrestricted intercourse with it. The commissioner to that country who has been recently appointed is instructed to avail himself of all occasions to open and extend our commercial relations, not only with the Empire of China, but with other Asiatic nations.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    329
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    109
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.19
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • China
    [Country, City, State]
  • Empire
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Empire of China
    [Organization]
  • Asiatic
    [Product]
Franklin Pierce
In 1852 an expedition was sent to Japan, under the command of Commodore Perry, for the purpose of opening commercial intercourse with that Empire. Intelligence has been received of his arrival there and of his having made known to the Emperor of Japan the object of his visit. But it is not yet ascertained how far the Emperor will be disposed to abandon his restrictive policy and open that populous country to a commercial intercourse with the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    373
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    79
  • Syllables
    132
  • Words Per Sentence
    79
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • Empire
    [Country, City, State]
  • Japan
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1852
    [Date]
  • Intelligence
    [Organization]
  • Perry
    [Person]
Franklin Pierce
It has been my earnest desire to maintain friendly intercourse with the Governments upon this continent and to aid them in preserving good understanding among themselves. With Mexico a dispute has arisen as to the true boundary line between our Territory of New Mexico and the Mexican State of Chihuahua.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    253
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    50
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    50
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05

    Entities

  • Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
  • Territory of New Mexico
    [Location]
  • Governments
    [Organization]
  • the Mexican State of Chihuahua
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
A former commissioner of the United States, employed in running that line pursuant to the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, made a serious mistake in determining the initial point on the Rio Grande; but inasmuch as his decision was clearly a departure from the directions for tracing the boundary contained in that treaty, and was not concurred in by the surveyor appointed on the part of the United States, whose concurrence was necessary to give validity to that decision, this Government is not concluded thereby;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    421
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    149
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.81
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Guadalupe Hidalgo
    [Person]
Franklin Pierce
But that of Mexico takes a different view of the subject.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    5.9
  • Gunning Fog
    8.0
  • Coleman Liau
    8.8
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    3.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.0
  • Sprache
    2.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.0
  • Sprache
    2.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    46
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    11
  • Syllables
    17
  • Words Per Sentence
    11
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.45

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    -0.15
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Entities

  • Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
There are also other questions of considerable magnitude pending between the two Republics. Our minister in Mexico has ample instructions to adjust them. Negotiations have been opened, but sufficient progress has not been made therein to enable me to speak of the probable result. Impressed with the importance of maintaining amicable relations with that Republic and of yielding with liberality to all her just claims, it is reasonable to expect that an arrangement mutually satisfactory to both countries may be concluded and a lasting friendship between them confirmed and perpetuated.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    493
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    166
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.84

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.15
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
  • Republics
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
Congress having provided for a full mission to the States of Central America, a minister was sent thither in July last. As yet he has had time to visit only one of these States (Nicaragua), where he was received in the most friendly manner. It is hoped that his presence and good offices will have a benign effect in composing the dissensions which prevail among them, and in establishing still more intimate and friendly relations between them respectively and between each of them and the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    411
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    87
  • Syllables
    140
  • Words Per Sentence
    87
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Nicaragua
    [Country, City, State]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the States of Central America
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • July
    [Date]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Considering the vast regions of this continent and the number of states which would be made accessible by the free navigation of the river Amazon, particular attention has been given to this subject. Brazil, through whose territories it passes into the ocean, has hitherto persisted in a policy so restricted in regard to the use of this river as to obstruct and nearly exclude foreign commercial intercourse with the States which lie upon its tributaries and upper branches.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    393
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    134
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.01
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • Brazil
    [Country, City, State]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Amazon
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Our minister to that country is instructed to obtain a relaxation of that policy and to use his efforts to induce the Brazilian Government to open to common use, under proper safeguards, this great natural highway for international trade. Several of the South American States are deeply interested in this attempt to secure the free navigation of the Amazon, and it is reasonable to expect their cooperation in the measure.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    349
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    123
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.19
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the South American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • the Brazilian Government
    [Organization]
  • Amazon
    [Product]
Franklin Pierce
As the advantages of free commercial intercourse among nations are better understood, more liberal views are generally entertained as to the common rights of all to the free use of those means which nature has provided for international communication. To these more liberal and enlightened views it is hoped that Brazil will conform her policy and remove all unnecessary restrictions upon the free use of a river which traverses so many states and so large a part of the continent.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    399
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • Brazil
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
I am happy to inform you that the Republic of Paraguay and the Argentine Confederation have yielded to the liberal policy still resisted by Brazil in regard to the navigable rivers within their respective territories. Treaties embracing this subject, among others, have been negotiated with these Governments, which will be submitted to the Senate at the present session.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    309
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.83

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.76
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • News/Politics

    Entities

  • Brazil
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Republic of Paraguay
    [Country, City, State]
  • Governments
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the Argentine Confederation
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
A new branch of commerce, important to the agricultural interests of the United States, has within a few years past been opened with Peru. Notwithstanding the inexhaustible deposits of guano upon the islands of that country, considerable difficulties are experienced in obtaining the requisite supply. Measures have been taken to remove these difficulties and to secure a more abundant importation of the article.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    345
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    121
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.87

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.51
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Peru
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • a few years past
    [Date]
Franklin Pierce
Unfortunately, there has been a serious collision between our citizens who have resorted to the Chincha Islands for it and the Peruvian authorities stationed there. Redress for the outrages committed by the latter was promptly demanded by our minister at Lima. This subject is now under consideration, and there is reason to believe that Peru is disposed to offer adequate indemnity to the aggrieved parties.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    339
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    118
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.82

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.57
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Entities

  • Lima
    [Country, City, State]
  • Peru
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Chincha Islands
    [Location]
  • Peruvian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Franklin Pierce
We are thus not only at peace with all foreign countries, but, in regard to political affairs, are exempt from any cause of serious disquietude in our domestic relations. The controversies which have agitated the country heretofore are passing away with the causes which produced them and the passions which they had awakened;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    269
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.12
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • People & Society
Franklin Pierce
Or, if any trace of them remains, it may be reasonably hoped that it will only be perceived in the zealous rivalry of all good citizens to testify their respect for the rights of the States, their devotion to the Union, and their common determination that each one of the States, its institutions, its welfare, and its domestic peace, shall be held alike secure under the sacred aegis of the Constitution.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    326
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    13.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
This new league of amity and of mutual confidence and support into which the people of the Republic have entered happily affords inducement and opportunity for the adoption of a more comprehensive and unembarrassed line of policy and action as to the great material interests of the country, whether regarded in themselves or in connection with the powers of the civilized world.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    316
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    12.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.15
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.06
Franklin Pierce
The United States have continued gradually and steadily to expand through acquisitions of territory, which, how much soever some of them may have been questioned, are now universally seen and admitted to have been wise in policy, just in character, and a great element in the advancement of our country, and with it of the human race, in freedom, in prosperity, and in happiness.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    306
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Entities

  • The United States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
The thirteen States have grown to be thirty-one, with relations reaching to Europe on the one side and on the other to the distant realms of Asia. I am deeply sensible of the immense responsibility which the present magnitude of the Republic and the diversity and multiplicity of its interests devolves upon me, the alleviation of which so far as relates to the immediate conduct of the public business, is, first, in my reliance on the wisdom and patriotism of the two Houses of Congress, and, secondly, in the directions afforded me by the principles of public polity affirmed by our fathers of the epoch of 1798, sanctioned by long experience, and consecrated anew by the overwhelming voice of the people of the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    588
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    126
  • Syllables
    198
  • Words Per Sentence
    126
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.84
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • 1798
    [Cardinal Number]
  • thirteen
    [Cardinal Number]
  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • thirty-one
    [Date]
  • Asia
    [Location]
  • Europe
    [Location]
  • Republic
    [Location]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • secondly
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Recurring to these principles, which constitute the organic basis of union, we perceive that vast as are the functions and the duties of the Federal Government, vested in or intrusted to its three great departments -- the legislative, executive, and judicial -- yet the substantive power, the popular force, and the large capacities for social and material development exist in the respective States, which, all being of themselves well-constituted republics, as they preceded so they alone are capable of maintaining and perpetuating the American Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    454
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    160
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.88

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.89
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • three
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the American Union
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Federal Government
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
The Federal Government has its appropriate line of action in the specific and limited powers conferred on it by the Constitution, chiefly as to those things in which the States have a common interest in their relations to one another and to foreign governments, while the great mass of interests which belong to cultivated men -- the ordinary business of life, the springs of industry, all the diversified personal and domestic affairs of society -- rest securely upon the general reserved powers of the people of the several States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    436
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    87
  • Syllables
    152
  • Words Per Sentence
    87
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • The Federal Government
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
There is the effective democracy of the nation, and there the vital essence of its being and its greatness. Of the practical consequences which flow from the nature of the Federal Government, the primary one is the duty of administering with integrity and fidelity the high trust reposed in it by the Constitution, especially in the application of the public funds as drawn by taxation from the people and appropriated to specific objects by Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    372
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    126
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.88
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the Federal Government
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Happily, I have no occasion to suggest any radical changes in the financial policy of the Government. Ours is almost, if not absolutely, the solitary power of Christendom having a surplus revenue drawn immediately from imposts on commerce, and therefore measured by the spontaneous enterprise and national prosperity of the country, with such indirect relation to agriculture, manufactures, and the products of the earth and sea as to violate no constitutional doctrine and yet vigorously promote the general welfare.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    430
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    79
  • Syllables
    154
  • Words Per Sentence
    79
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.92

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.03
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • Christendom
    [Country, City, State]
  • earth
    [Location]
  • Ours
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Neither as to the sources of the public treasure nor as to the manner of keeping and managing it does any grave controversy now prevail, there being a general acquiescence in the wisdom of the present system. The report of the Secretary of the Treasury will exhibit in detail the state of the public finances and the condition of the various branches of the public service administered by that Department of the Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    348
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.59
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Department of the Government
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
The revenue of the country, levied almost insensibly to the taxpayer, goes on from year to year, increasing beyond either the interests or the prospective wants of the Government. At the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1852, there remained in the Treasury a balance of $14,632,136. The public revenue for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1853, amounted to $58,931,865 from customs and to $2,405,708 from public lands and other miscellaneous sources, amounting together to $61,337,574, while the public expenditures for the same period, exclusive of payments on account of the public debt, amounted to $43,554,262, leaving a balance of $32,425,447 of receipts above expenditures.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    8.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    487
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    120
  • Syllables
    167
  • Words Per Sentence
    120
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.35

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.20
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Finance/Accounting & Auditing/Tax Preparation & Planning

    Entities

  • from year to year
    [Date]
  • the fiscal year ending June 30, 1852
    [Date]
  • the fiscal year ending June 30, 1853
    [Date]
  • 14,632,136
    [Money]
  • 2,405,708
    [Money]
  • 32,425,447
    [Money]
  • 43,554,262
    [Money]
  • 58,931,865
    [Money]
  • 61,337,574
    [Money]
  • customs
    [Organization]
  • Treasury
    [Organization]