Franklin Pierce: State of the Union Written Message - December 2, 1856

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    52,115
  • Sentences
    255
  • Words
    10,574
  • Syllables
    17,630
  • Words Per Sentence
    10,574
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Topics

  • News/Politics
  • Law & Government/Government
Franklin Pierce
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and of the House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.1
  • Gunning Fog
    4.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    7.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.4
  • Sprache
    2.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.4
  • Sprache
    2.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    55
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    11
  • Syllables
    20
  • Words Per Sentence
    11
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Entities

  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the House of Representatives
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
The Constitution requires that the President shall from time to time not only recommend to the consideration of Congress such measures as he may judge necessary and expedient, but also that he shall give information to them of the state of the Union. To do this fully involves exposition of all matters in the actual condition of the country, domestic or foreign, which essentially concern the general welfare.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    338
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.10
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
While performing his constitutional duty in this respect, the President does not speak merely to express personal convictions, but as the executive minister of the Government, enabled by his position and called upon by his official obligations to scan with an impartial eye the interests of the whole and of every part of the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    281
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
Of the condition of the domestic interests of the Union -- its agriculture, mines, manufactures, navigation, and commerce -- it is necessary only to say that the internal prosperity of the country, its continuous and steady advancement in wealth and population and in private as well as public well-being, attest the wisdom of our institutions and the predominant spirit of intelligence and patriotism which, notwithstanding occasional irregularities of opinion or action resulting from popular freedom, has distinguished and characterized the people of America.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    466
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    82
  • Syllables
    163
  • Words Per Sentence
    82
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.04

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    18.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • America
    [Country, City, State]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
In the brief interval between the termination of the last and the commencement of the present session of Congress the public mind has been occupied with the care of selecting for another constitutional term the President and Vice-President of the United States. The determination of the persons who are of right, or contingently, to preside over the administration of the Government is under our system committed to the States and the people.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    366
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    124
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
We appeal to them, by their voice pronounced in the forms of law, to call whomsoever they will to the high post of Chief Magistrate. And thus it is that as the Senators represent the respective States of the Union and the members of the House of Representatives the several constituencies of each State, so the President represents the aggregate population of the United States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    309
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    104
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.68
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Their election of him is the explicit and solemn act of the sole sovereign authority of the Union. It is impossible to misapprehend the great principles which by their recent political action the people of the United States have sanctioned and announced. They have asserted the constitutional equality of each and all of the States of the Union as States: they have affirmed the constitutional equality of each and all of the citizens of the United States as citizens, whatever their religion, wherever their birth or their residence;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    441
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    88
  • Syllables
    150
  • Words Per Sentence
    88
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • News/Politics
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the States of the Union as States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
They have maintained the inviolability of the constitutional rights of the different sections of the Union, and they have proclaimed their devoted and unalterable attachment to the Union and to the Constitution, as objects of interest superior to all subjects of local or sectional controversy, as the safeguard of the rights of all, as the spirit and the essence of the liberty, peace, and greatness of the Republic.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    343
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
In doing this they have at the same time emphatically condemned the idea of organizing in these United States mere geographical parties, of marshaling in hostile array toward each other the different parts of the country, North or South, East or West. Schemes of this nature, fraught with incalculable mischief, and which the considerate sense of the people has rejected, could have had countenance in no part of the country had they not been disguised by suggestions plausible in appearance, acting upon an excited state of the public mind, induced by causes temporary in their character and, it is to be hoped, transient in their influence.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    525
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    106
  • Syllables
    177
  • Words Per Sentence
    106
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.18
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • these United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • East
    [Location]
  • West
    [Location]
  • North or South
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Franklin Pierce
Perfect liberty of association for political objects and the widest scope of discussion are the received and ordinary conditions of government in our country. Our institutions, framed in the spirit of confidence in the intelligence and integrity of the people, do not forbid citizens, either individually or associated together, to attack by writing, speech, or any other methods short of physical force the Constitution and the very existence of the Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    379
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    132
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.93

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Franklin Pierce
Under the shelter of this great liberty, and protected by the laws and usages of the Government they assail, associations have been formed in some of the States of individuals who, pretending to seek only to prevent the spread of the institution of slavery into the present or future inchoate States of the Union, are really inflamed with desire to change the domestic institutions of existing States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    330
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.80
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03

    Topics

  • People & Society
Franklin Pierce
To accomplish their objects they dedicate themselves to the odious task of depreciating the government organization which stands in their way and of calumniating with indiscriminate invective not only the citizens of particular States with whose laws they find fault, but all others of their fellow citizens throughout the country who do not participate with them in their assaults upon the Constitution, framed and adopted by our fathers, and claiming for the privileges it has secured and the blessings it has conferred the steady support and grateful reverence of their children.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    488
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    91
  • Syllables
    161
  • Words Per Sentence
    91
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Franklin Pierce
They seek an object which they well know to be a revolutionary one. They are perfectly aware that the change in the relative condition of the white and black races in the slaveholding States which they would promote is beyond their lawful authority; that to them it is a foreign object; that it can not be effected by any peaceful instrumentality of theirs;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.7
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    291
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.91
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
Franklin Pierce
That for them and the States of which they are citizens the only path to its accomplishment is through burning cities, and ravaged fields, and slaughtered populations, and all there is most terrible in foreign complicated with civil and servile war; and that the first step in the attempt is the forcible disruption of a country embracing in its broad bosom a degree of liberty and an amount of individual and public prosperity to which there is no parallel in history, and substituting in its place hostile governments, driven at once and inevitably into mutual devastation and fratricidal carnage, transforming the now peaceful and felicitous brotherhood into a vast permanent camp of armed men like the rival monarchies of Europe and Asia.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    613
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    122
  • Syllables
    207
  • Words Per Sentence
    122
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.81
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Entities

  • Asia
    [Location]
  • Europe
    [Location]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Franklin Pierce
Well knowing that such, and such only, are the means and the consequences of their plans and purposes, they endeavor to prepare the people of the United States for civil war by doing everything in their power to deprive the Constitution and the laws of moral authority and to undermine the fabric of the Union by appeals to passion and sectional prejudice, by indoctrinating its people with reciprocal hatred, and by educating them to stand face to face as enemies, rather than shoulder to shoulder as friends.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    417
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    87
  • Syllables
    141
  • Words Per Sentence
    87
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.88
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Franklin Pierce
It is by the agency of such unwarrantable interference, foreign and domestic, that the minds of many otherwise good citizens have been so inflamed into the passionate condemnation of the domestic institutions of the Southern States as at length to pass insensibly to almost equally passionate hostility toward their fellow-citizens of those States, and thus finally to fall into temporary fellowship with the avowed and active enemies of the Constitution.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    381
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    134
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.30
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
Franklin Pierce
Ardently attached to liberty in the abstract, they do not stop to consider practically how the objects they would attain can be accomplished, nor to reflect that, even if the evil were as great as they deem it, they have no remedy to apply, and that it can be only aggravated by their violence and unconstitutional action.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    260
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    84
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.32
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
Franklin Pierce
A question which is one of the most difficult of all the problems of social institution, political economy, and statesmanship they treat with unreasoning intemperance of thought and language. Extremes beget extremes. Violent attack from the North finds its inevitable consequence in the growth of a spirit of angry defiance at the South.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Statistics

  • Characters
    280
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.87
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.10

    Entities

  • North
    [Location]
  • South
    [Location]
Franklin Pierce
Thus in the progress of events we had reached that consummation, which the voice of the people has now so pointedly rebuked, of the attempt of a portion of the States, by a sectional organization and movement, to usurp the control of the Government of the United States. I confidently believe that the great body of those who inconsiderately took this fatal step are sincerely attached to the Constitution and the Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    343
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • the Government of the United States
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
They would upon deliberation shrink with unaffected horror from any conscious act of disunion or civil war. But they have entered into a path which leads nowhere unless it be to civil war and disunion, and which has no other possible outlet. They have proceeded thus far in that direction in consequence of the successive stages of their progress having consisted of a series of secondary issues, each of which professed to be confined within constitutional and peaceful limits, but which attempted indirectly what few men were willing to do directly;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    455
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    91
  • Syllables
    155
  • Words Per Sentence
    91
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.32
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
Franklin Pierce
That is, to act aggressively against the constitutional rights of nearly one-half of the thirty-one States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.8
  • Gunning Fog
    11.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    10.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.6
  • Sprache
    3.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.6
  • Sprache
    3.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    88
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    18
  • Syllables
    28
  • Words Per Sentence
    18
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.32

    Entities

  • nearly one-half
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
In the long series of acts of indirect aggression, the first was the strenuous agitation by citizens of the Northern States, in Congress and out of it, of the question of Negro emancipation in the Southern States. The second step in this path of evil consisted of acts of the people of the Northern States, and in several instances of their governments, aimed to facilitate the escape of persons held to service in the Southern States and to prevent their extradition when reclaimed according to law and in virtue of express provisions of the Constitution.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    455
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    95
  • Syllables
    153
  • Words Per Sentence
    95
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.61
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • the Northern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • second
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Negro
    [Person]
Franklin Pierce
To promote this object, legislative enactments and other means were adopted to take away or defeat rights which the Constitution solemnly guaranteed. In order to nullify the then existing act of Congress concerning the extradition of fugitives from service, laws were enacted in many States forbidding their officers, under the severest penalties, to participate in the execution of any act of Congress whatever.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    344
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    120
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.87

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.61
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.10

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
In this way that system of harmonious cooperation between the authorities of the United States and of the several States, for the maintenance of their common institutions, which existed in the early years of the Republic was destroyed; conflicts of jurisdiction came to be frequent, and Congress found itself compelled, for the support of the Constitution and the vindication of its power, to authorize the appointment of new officers charged with the execution of its acts, as if they and the officers of the States were the ministers, respectively, of foreign governments in a state of mutual hostility rather than fellow-magistrates of a common country peacefully subsisting under the protection of one well-constituted Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    604
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    116
  • Syllables
    204
  • Words Per Sentence
    116
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.53
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the early years
    [Date]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Thus here also aggression was followed by reaction, and the attacks upon the Constitution at this point did but serve to raise up new barriers for its defense and security. The third stage of this unhappy sectional controversy was in connection with the organization of Territorial governments and the admission of new States into the Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    283
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.47
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • new States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • third
    [Ordinal Number]
Franklin Pierce
When it was proposed to admit the State of Maine, by separation of territory from that of Massachusetts, and the State of Missouri, formed of a portion of the territory ceded by France to the United States, representatives in Congress objected to the admission of the latter unless with conditions suited to particular views of public policy.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    281
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • France
    [Country, City, State]
  • Massachusetts
    [Country, City, State]
  • the State of Maine
    [Country, City, State]
  • the State of Missouri
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
The imposition of such a condition was successfully resisted; but at the same period the question was presented of imposing restrictions upon the residue of the territory ceded by France. That question was for the time disposed of by the adoption of a geographical line of limitation. In this connection it should not be forgotten that when France, of her own accord, resolved, for considerations of the most farsighted sagacity, to cede Louisiana to the United States, and that accession was accepted by the United States, the latter expressly engaged that "the inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States and admitted as soon as possible, according to the principles of the Federal Constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immunities of citizens of the United States;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    694
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    138
  • Syllables
    241
  • Words Per Sentence
    138
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Entities

  • France
    [Country, City, State]
  • Louisiana
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Federal Constitution
    [Law]
  • the Union of the United States
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
And in the meantime they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the religion which they profess;" that is to say, while it remains in a Territorial condition its inhabitants are maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty and property, with a right then to pass into the condition of States on a footing of perfect equality with the original States.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    345
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    118
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.99
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.04

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
The enactment which established the restrictive geographical line was acquiesced in rather than approved by the States of the Union. It stood on the statute book, however, for a number of years; and the people of the respective States acquiesced in the reenactment of the principle as applied to the State of Texas, and it was proposed to acquiesce in its further application to the territory acquired by the United States from Mexico.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    357
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    123
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Military
  • Reference/Humanities/History

    Entities

  • Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
  • the State of Texas
    [Country, City, State]
  • the States of the Union
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • a number of years
    [Date]
Franklin Pierce
But this proposition was successfully resisted by the representatives from the Northern States, who, regardless of the statute line, insisted upon applying restriction to the new territory generally, whether lying north or south of it, thereby repealing it as a legislative compromise, and, on the part of the North, persistently violating the compact, if compact there was.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    308
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.83
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • People & Society
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the Northern States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
Thereupon this enactment ceased to have binding virtue in any sense, whether as respects the North or the South, and so in effect it was treated on the occasion of the admission of the State of California and the organization of the Territories of New Mexico, Utah, and Washington. Such was the state of this question when the time arrived for the organization of the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    328
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.62
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • Kansas
    [Country, City, State]
  • Nebraska
    [Country, City, State]
  • New Mexico
    [Country, City, State]
  • the State of California
    [Country, City, State]
  • Utah
    [Country, City, State]
  • Washington
    [Country, City, State]
  • North
    [Location]
  • South
    [Location]
Franklin Pierce
In the progress of constitutional inquiry and reflection it had now at length come to be seen clearly that Congress does not possess constitutional power to impose restrictions of this character upon any present or future State of the Union. In a long series of decisions, on the fullest argument and after the most deliberate consideration, the Supreme Court of the United States had finally determined this point in every form under which the question could arise, whether as affecting public or private rights -- in questions of the public domain, of religion, of navigation, and of servitude.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    489
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    97
  • Syllables
    172
  • Words Per Sentence
    97
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the Supreme Court of the United States
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
The several States of the Union are by force of the Constitution coequal in domestic legislative power. Congress can not change a law of domestic relation in the State of Maine; no more can it in the State of Missouri. Any statute which proposes to do this is a mere nullity; it takes away no right, it confers none.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.7
  • Gunning Fog
    12.6
  • Coleman Liau
    9.3
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Statistics

  • Characters
    252
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    94
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.53
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the State of Maine
    [Country, City, State]
  • the State of Missouri
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
If it remains on the statute book unrepealed, it remains there only as a monument of error and a beacon of warning to the legislator and the statesman. To repeal it will be only to remove imperfection from the statutes, without affecting, either in the sense of permission, or of prohibition, the action of the States or of their citizens.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    273
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.62
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
Still, when the nominal restriction of this nature, already a dead letter in law, was in terms repealed by the last Congress, in a clause of the act organizing the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska, that repeal was made the occasion of a widespread and dangerous agitation. It was alleged that the original enactment being a compact of perpetual moral obligation, its repeal constituted an odious breach of faith.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    338
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.75
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Kansas
    [Country, City, State]
  • Nebraska
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
An act of Congress, while it remains unrepealed, more especially if it be constitutionally valid in the judgment of those public functionaries whose duty it is to pronounce on that point, is undoubtedly binding on the conscience of each good citizen of the Republic. But in what sense can it be asserted that the enactment in question was invested with perpetuity and entitled to the respect of a solemn Compact?

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    338
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.81
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Between whom was the compact? No distinct contending powers of the Government, no separate sections of the Union treating as such, entered into treaty stipulations on the subject. It was a mere clause of an act of Congress, and, like any other controverted matter of legislation, received its final shape and was passed by compromise of the conflicting opinions or sentiments of the members of Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    330
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.54
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Union
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
But if it had moral authority over men's consciences, to whom did this authority attach? Not to those of the North, who had repeatedly refused to confirm it by extension and who had zealously striven to establish other and incompatible regulations upon the subject. And if, as it thus appears, the supposed compact had no obligatory force as to the North, of course it could not have had any as to the South, for all such compacts must be mutual and of reciprocal obligation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    382
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    133
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.56
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • men's
    [Cardinal Number]
  • North
    [Location]
  • South
    [Location]
Franklin Pierce
It has not unfrequently happened that lawgivers, with undue estimation of the value of the law they give or in the view of imparting to it peculiar strength, make it perpetual in terms; but they can not thus bind the conscience, the judgment, and the will of those who may succeed them, invested with similar responsibilities and clothed with equal authority.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    292
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02
Franklin Pierce
More careful investigation may prove the law to be unsound in principle. Experience may show it to be imperfect in detail and impracticable in execution. And then both reason and right combine not merely to justify but to require its repeal. The Constitution, supreme, as it is, over all the departments of the Government -- legislative, executive, and judicial -- is open to amendment by its very terms;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.4
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    324
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    114
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.69
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
Franklin Pierce
And Congress or the States may, in their discretion, propose amendment to it, solemn compact though it in truth is between the sovereign States of the Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.2
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    4.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    127
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    27
  • Syllables
    39
  • Words Per Sentence
    27
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.25
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
In the present instance a political enactment which had ceased to have legal power or authority of any kind was repealed. The position assumed that Congress had no moral right to enact such repeal was strange enough, and singularly so in view of the fact that the argument came from those who openly refused obedience to existing laws of the land, having the same popular designation and quality as compromise acts;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    341
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    119
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.08
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • News/Politics
  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
Nay, more, who unequivocally disregarded and condemned the most positive and obligatory injunctions of the Constitution itself, and sought by every means within their reach to deprive a portion of their fellow-citizens of the equal enjoyment of those rights and privileges guaranteed alike to all by the fundamental compact of our Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    281
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.85

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.32
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Nay
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
This argument against the repeal of the statute line in question was accompanied by another of congenial character and equally with the former destitute of foundation in reason and truth. It was imputed that the measure originated in the conception of extending the limits of slave labor beyond those previously assigned to it, and that such was its natural as well as intended effect;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    319
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.53
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • People & Society
Franklin Pierce
And these baseless assumptions were made, in the Northern States, the ground of unceasing assault upon constitutional right.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.8
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    3.4

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    3.4

    Statistics

  • Characters
    104
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    18
  • Syllables
    34
  • Words Per Sentence
    18
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.59
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • the Northern States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
The repeal in terms of a statute, which was already obsolete and also null for unconstitutionality, could have no influence to obstruct or to promote the propagation of conflicting views of political or social institution. When the act organizing the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska was passed, the inherent effect upon that portion of the public domain thus opened to legal settlement was to admit settlers from all the States of the Union alike, each with his convictions of public policy and private interest, there to found, in their discretion, subject to such limitations as the Constitution and acts of Congress might prescribe, new States, hereafter to be admitted into the Union.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    569
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    112
  • Syllables
    193
  • Words Per Sentence
    112
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.30
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Kansas
    [Country, City, State]
  • Nebraska
    [Country, City, State]
  • new States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the States of the Union
    [Country, City, State]
  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Franklin Pierce
It was a free field, open alike to all, whether the statute line of assumed restriction were repealed or not. That repeal did not open to free competition of the diverse opinions and domestic institutions a field which without such repeal would have been closed against them; it found that field of competition already opened, in fact and in law.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.7
  • Coleman Liau
    11.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    281
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.13
  • Harvard IV
    -0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
Franklin Pierce
All the repeal did was to relieve the statute book of an objectionable enactment, unconstitutional in effect and injurious in terms to a large portion of the States. Is it the fact that in all the unsettled regions of the United States, if emigration be left free to act in this respect for itself, without legal prohibitions on either side, slave labor will spontaneously go everywhere in preference to free labor?

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    339
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Sensitive Subjects
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
Is it the fact that the peculiar domestic institutions of the Southern States possess relatively so much of vigor that wheresoever an avenue is freely opened to all the world they will penetrate to the exclusion of those of the Northern States? Is it the fact that the former enjoy, compared with the latter, such irresistibly superior vitality, independent of climate, soil, and all other accidental circumstances, as to be able to produce the supposed result in spite of the assumed moral and natural obstacles to its accomplishment and of the more numerous population of the Northern States?

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    489
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    98
  • Syllables
    172
  • Words Per Sentence
    98
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Reference

    Entities

  • the Northern States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Southern States
    [Country, City, State]
Franklin Pierce
The argument of those who advocate the enactment of new laws of restriction and condemn the repeal of old ones in effect avers that their particular views of government have no self-extending or self-sustaining power of their own, and will go nowhere unless forced by act of Congress. And if Congress do but pause for a moment in the policy of stern coercion;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    292
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.45
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]