Theodore Roosevelt: State of the Union Written Message - December 5, 1905

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    119,897
  • Sentences
    806
  • Words
    25,170
  • Syllables
    40,677
  • Words Per Sentence
    25,170
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • News/Politics
Theodore Roosevelt
To the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.4
  • Gunning Fog
    2.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    6.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    36
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    7
  • Syllables
    13
  • Words Per Sentence
    7
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
The people of this country continue to enjoy great prosperity. Undoubtedly there will be ebb and flow in such prosperity, and this ebb and flow will be felt more or less by all members of the community, both by the deserving and the undeserving. Against the wrath of the Lord the wisdom of man cannot avail;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.2
  • Gunning Fog
    12.5
  • Coleman Liau
    10.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.7

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.6
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    247
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    79
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.07
Theodore Roosevelt
In time of flood or drought human ingenuity can but partially repair the disaster.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.1
  • Gunning Fog
    14.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    8.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    2.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    2.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    68
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    14
  • Syllables
    24
  • Words Per Sentence
    14
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.77
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Theodore Roosevelt
A general failure of crops would hurt all of us. Again, if the folly of man mars the general well-being, then those who are innocent of the folly will have to pay part of the penalty incurred by those who are guilty of the folly. A panic brought on by the speculative folly of part of the business community would hurt the whole business community.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.0
  • Gunning Fog
    13.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Statistics

  • Characters
    278
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.44

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.95
  • AFINN
    -15.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Entities

  • mars
    [Location]
Theodore Roosevelt
But such stoppage of welfare, though it might be severe, would not be lasting. In the long run the one vital factor in the permanent prosperity of the country is the high individual character of the average American worker, the average American citizen, no matter whether his work be mental or manual, whether he be farmer or wage-worker, business man or professional man.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.4
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    301
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    108
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.18
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Theodore Roosevelt
In our industrial and social system the interests of all men are so closely intertwined that in the immense majority of cases a straight-dealing man who by his efficiency, by his ingenuity and industry, benefits himself must also benefit others. Normally the man of great productive capacity who becomes rich by guiding the labor of many other men does so by enabling them to produce more than they could produce without his guidance;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    357
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    125
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.08
Theodore Roosevelt
And both he and they share in the benefit, which comes also to the public at large.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    6.3
  • Gunning Fog
    9.2
  • Coleman Liau
    6.7
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    5.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    1.8
  • Sprache
    3.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    1.8
  • Sprache
    3.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    65
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    17
  • Syllables
    22
  • Words Per Sentence
    17
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.29

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.64
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.06
Theodore Roosevelt
The superficial fact that the sharing may be unequal must never blind us to the underlying fact that there is this sharing, and that the benefit comes in some degree to each man concerned. Normally the wage-worker, the man of small means, and the average consumer, as well as the average producer, are all alike helped by making conditions such that the man of exceptional business ability receives an exceptional reward for his ability.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    356
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    126
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.96
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01
Theodore Roosevelt
Something can be done by legislation to help the general prosperity; but no such help of a permanently beneficial character can be given to the less able and less fortunate, save as the results of a policy which shall inure to the advantage of all industrious and efficient people who act decently; and this is only another way of saying that any benefit which comes to the less able and less fortunate must of necessity come even more to the more able and more fortunate.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    384
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    85
  • Syllables
    138
  • Words Per Sentence
    85
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    18.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.06
Theodore Roosevelt
If, therefore, the less fortunate man is moved by envy of his more fortunate brother to strike at the conditions under which they have both, though unequally, prospered, the result will assuredly be that while danger may come to the one struck at, it will visit with an even heavier load the one who strikes the blow.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    254
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    90
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.4

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.27
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
Theodore Roosevelt
Taken as a whole we must all go up or down together. Yet, while not merely admitting, but insisting upon this, it is also true that where there is no governmental restraint or supervision some of the exceptional men use their energies not in ways that are for the common good, but in ways which tell against this common good.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.7
  • Coleman Liau
    9.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    260
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    90
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.43

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
Theodore Roosevelt
The fortunes amassed through corporate organization are now so large, and vest such power in those that wield them, as to make it a matter of necessity to give to the sovereign -- that is, to the Government, which represents the people as a whole -- some effective power of supervision over their corporate use.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    248
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.49
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • Government
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
In order to insure a healthy social and industrial life, every big corporation should be held responsible by, and be accountable to, some sovereign strong enough to control its conduct. I am in no sense hostile to corporations. This is an age of combination, and any effort to prevent all combination will be not only useless, but in the end vicious, because of the contempt for law which the failure to enforce law inevitably produces.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    353
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    121
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.86
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Topics

  • Finance/Insurance
  • Law & Government/Legal
Theodore Roosevelt
We should, moreover, recognize in cordial and ample fashion the immense good effected by corporate agencies in a country such as ours, and the wealth of intellect, energy, and fidelity devoted to their service, and therefore normally to the service of the public, by their officers and directors. The corporation has come to stay, just as the trade union has come to stay.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    300
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    63
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    63
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02
Theodore Roosevelt
Each can do and has done great good. Each should be favored so long as it does good. But each should be sharply checked where it acts against law and justice. So long as the finances of the Nation are kept upon an honest basis no other question of internal economy with which the Congress has the power to deal begins to approach in importance the matter of endeavoring to secure proper industrial conditions under which the individuals -- and especially the great corporations -- doing an interstate business are to act.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.4
  • Gunning Fog
    13.9
  • Coleman Liau
    11.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    422
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.98
  • AFINN
    22.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
The makers of our National Constitution provided especially that the regulation of interstate commerce should come within the sphere of the General Government. The arguments in favor of their taking this stand were even then overwhelming. But they are far stronger today, in view of the enormous development of great business agencies, usually corporate in form.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    302
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    104
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.89
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • today
    [Date]
  • National Constitution
    [Law]
  • the General Government
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
Experience has shown conclusively that it is useless to try to get any adequate regulation and supervision of these great corporations by State action. Such regulation and supervision can only be effectively exercised by a sovereign whose jurisdiction is coextensive with the field of work of the corporations -- that is, by the National Government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    290
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    105
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.85

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.73
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.07

    Entities

  • the National Government
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
I believe that this regulation and supervision can be obtained by the enactment of law by the Congress. If this proves impossible, it will certainly be necessary ultimately to confer in fullest form such power upon the National Government by a proper amendment of the Constitution. It would obviously be unwise to endeavor to secure such an amendment until it is certain that the result cannot be obtained under the Constitution as it now is.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    364
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    129
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.71
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • Constitution
    [Law]
  • the Constitution
    [Law]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the National Government
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
The laws of the Congress and of the several States hitherto, as passed upon by the courts, have resulted more often in showing that the States have no power in the matter than that the National Government has power; so that there at present exists a very unfortunate condition of things, under which these great corporations doing an interstate business occupy the position of subjects without a sovereign, neither any State Government nor the National Government having effective control over them.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    413
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    81
  • Syllables
    144
  • Words Per Sentence
    81
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.42
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • State Government
    [Organization]
  • the National Government
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
Our steady aim should be by legislation, cautiously and carefully undertaken, but resolutely persevered in, to assert the sovereignty of the National Government by affirmative action. This is only in form an innovation. In substance it is merely a restoration; for from the earliest time such regulation of industrial activities has been recognized in the action of the lawmaking bodies;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    321
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.92

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • the National Government
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
And all that I propose is to meet the changed conditions in such manner as will prevent the Commonwealth abdicating the power it has always possessed not only in this country, but also in England before and since this country became a separate Nation.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    206
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    44
  • Syllables
    69
  • Words Per Sentence
    44
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.01
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Arts & Entertainment
  • People & Society/Family & Relationships

    Entities

  • England
    [Country, City, State]
  • Commonwealth
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
It has been a misfortune that the National laws on this subject have hitherto been of a negative or prohibitive rather than an affirmative kind, and still more that they have in part sought to prohibit what could not be effectively prohibited, and have in part in their prohibitions confounded what should be allowed and what should not be allowed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    286
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.40
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
Theodore Roosevelt
It is generally useless to try to prohibit all restraint on competition, whether this restraint be reasonable or unreasonable; and where it is not useless it is generally hurtful. Events have shown that it is not possible adequately to secure the enforcement of any law of this kind by incessant appeal to the courts.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    260
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.37
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
Theodore Roosevelt
The Department of Justice has for the last four years devoted more attention to the enforcement of the anti-trust legislation than to anything else. Much has been accomplished, particularly marked has been the moral effect of the prosecutions; but it is increasingly evident that there will be a very insufficient beneficial result in the way of economic change.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    300
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • the last four years
    [Date]
  • The Department of Justice
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
The successful prosecution of one device to evade the law immediately develops another device to accomplish the same purpose. What is needed is not sweeping prohibition of every arrangement, good or bad, which may tend to restrict competition, but such adequate supervision and regulation as will prevent any restriction of competition from being to the detriment of the public -- as well as such supervision and regulation as will prevent other abuses in no way connected with restriction of competition.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    419
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    79
  • Syllables
    153
  • Words Per Sentence
    79
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.86

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.81
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
Of these abuses, perhaps the chief, although by no means the only one, is overcapitalization -- generally itself the result of dishonest promotion -- because of the myriad evils it brings in its train; for such overcapitalization often means an inflation that invites business panic; it always conceals the true relation of the profit earned to the capital actually invested, and it creates a burden of interest payments which is a fertile cause of improper reduction in or limitation of wages;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    403
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    79
  • Syllables
    144
  • Words Per Sentence
    79
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.90
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Theodore Roosevelt
It damages the small investor, discourages thrift, and encourages gambling and speculation; while perhaps worst of all is the trickiness and dishonesty which it implies -- for harm to morals is worse than any possible harm to material interests, and the debauchery of politics and business by great dishonest corporations is far worse than any actual material evil they do the public.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    316
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.98
  • AFINN
    -15.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial
  • Computers & Electronics
Theodore Roosevelt
Until the National Government obtains, in some manner which the wisdom of the Congress may suggest, proper control over the big corporations engaged in interstate commerce -- that is, over the great majority of the big corporations -- it will be impossible to deal adequately with these evils. I am well aware of the difficulties of the legislation that I am suggesting, and of the need of temperate and cautious action in securing it.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    352
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    123
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.81
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the National Government
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
I should emphatically protest against improperly radical or hasty action. The first thing to do is to deal with the great corporations engaged in the business of interstate transportation. As I said in my message of December 6 last, the immediate and most pressing need, so far as legislation is concerned, is the enactment into law of some scheme to secure to the agents of the Government such supervision and regulation of the rates charged by the railroads of the country engaged in interstate traffic as shall summarily and effectively prevent the imposition of unjust or unreasonable rates.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    491
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    98
  • Syllables
    171
  • Words Per Sentence
    98
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.68

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • News/Politics
  • People & Society/Social Issues & Advocacy

    Entities

  • December 6 last
    [Date]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
It must include putting a complete stop to rebates in every shape and form. This power to regulate rates, like all similar powers over the business world, should be exercised with moderation, caution, and self-restraint; but it should exist, so that it can be effectively exercised when the need arises. The first consideration to be kept in mind is that the power should be affirmative and should be given to some administrative body created by the Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    373
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.76
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
If given to the present Interstate Commerce Commission, or to a reorganized Interstate Commerce Commission, such commission should be made unequivocally administrative. I do not believe in the Government interfering with private business more than is necessary. I do not believe in the Government undertaking any work which can with propriety be left in private hands.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    13.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    308
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.91

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial
  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Interstate Commerce Commission
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
But neither do I believe in the Government flinching from overseeing any work when it becomes evident that abuses are sure to obtain therein unless there is governmental supervision. It is not my province to indicate the exact terms of the law which should be enacted; but I call the attention of the Congress to certain existing conditions with which it is desirable to deal, In my judgment the most important provision which such law should contain is that conferring upon some competent administrative body the power to decide, upon the case being brought before it, whether a given rate prescribed by a railroad is reasonable and just, and if it is found to be unreasonable and unjust, then, after full investigation of the complaint, to prescribe the limit of rate beyond which it shall not be lawful to go -- the maximum reasonable rate, as it is commonly called -- this decision to go into effect within a reasonable time and to obtain from thence onward, subject to review by the courts.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    807
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    171
  • Syllables
    274
  • Words Per Sentence
    171
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
It sometimes happens at present not that a rate is too high but that a favored shipper is given too low a rate. In such case the commission would have the right to fix this already established minimum rate as the maximum; and it would need only one or two such decisions by the commission to cure railroad companies of the practice of giving improper minimum rates.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    296
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    104
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.63
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • only one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
I call your attention to the fact that my proposal is not to give the commission power to initiate or originate rates generally, but to regulate a rate already fixed or originated by the roads, upon complaint and after investigation. A heavy penalty should be exacted from any corporation which fails to respect an order of the commission.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    278
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    104
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.79

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.75
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Theodore Roosevelt
I regard this power to establish a maximum rate as being essential to any scheme of real reform in the matter of railway regulation. The first necessity is to secure it; and unless it is granted to the commission there is little use in touching the subject at all. Illegal transactions often occur under the forms of law.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.3
  • Gunning Fog
    13.3
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    260
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.03
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
It has often occurred that a shipper has been told by a traffic officer to buy a large quantity of some commodity and then after it has been bought an open reduction is made in the rate to take effect immediately, the arrangement resulting to the profit of one shipper and the one railroad and to the damage of all their competitors;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    270
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    99
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.08
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Transportation & Logistics

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
For it must not be forgotten that the big shippers are at least as much to blame as any railroad in the matter of rebates.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.3
  • Gunning Fog
    11.6
  • Coleman Liau
    7.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    9.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.5
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.5
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    97
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    25
  • Syllables
    32
  • Words Per Sentence
    25
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.28

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.16
  • AFINN
    -1.00

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Transportation & Logistics
Theodore Roosevelt
The law should make it clear so that nobody can fail to understand that any kind of commission paid on freight shipments, whether in this form or in the form of fictitious damages, or of a concession, a free pass, reduced passenger rate, or payment of brokerage, is illegal. It is worth while considering whether it would not be wise to confer on the Government the right of civil action against the beneficiary of a rebate for at least twice the value of the rebate;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    375
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    85
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    85
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.07
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
Theodore Roosevelt
This would help stop what is really blackmail.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    3.8
  • Gunning Fog
    8.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    4.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    2.4
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    2.4
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    38
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    8
  • Syllables
    11
  • Words Per Sentence
    8
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.38

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.13
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.11
Theodore Roosevelt
Elevator allowances should be stopped, for they have now grown to such an extent that they are demoralizing and are used as rebates. The best possible regulation of rates would, of course, be that regulation secured by an honest agreement among the railroads themselves to carry out the law. Such a general agreement would, for instance, at once put a stop to the efforts of any one big shipper or big railroad to discriminate against or secure advantages over some rival;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    384
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    81
  • Syllables
    137
  • Words Per Sentence
    81
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Finance/Accounting & Auditing/Tax Preparation & Planning

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
And such agreement would make the railroads themselves agents for enforcing the law.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.6
  • Gunning Fog
    11.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    10.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    2.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    2.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    71
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    13
  • Syllables
    22
  • Words Per Sentence
    13
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.49
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
Theodore Roosevelt
The power vested in the Government to put a stop to agreements to the detriment of the public should, in my judgment, be accompanied by power to permit, under specified conditions and careful supervision, agreements clearly in the interest of the public. But, in my judgment, the necessity for giving this further power is by no means as great as the necessity for giving the commission or administrative body the other powers I have enumerated above;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    368
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    76
  • Syllables
    129
  • Words Per Sentence
    76
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • Government
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
And it may well be inadvisable to attempt to vest this particular power in the commission or other administrative body until it already possesses and is exercising what I regard as by far the most important of all the powers I recommend -- as indeed the vitally important power -- that to fix a given maximum rate, which rate, after the lapse of a reasonable time, goes into full effect, subject to review by the courts.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    336
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    123
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03
Theodore Roosevelt
All private-car lines, industrial roads, refrigerator charges, and the like should be expressly put under the supervision of the Interstate Commerce Commission or some similar body so far as rates, and agreements practically affecting rates, are concerned. The private car owners and the owners of industrial railroads are entitled to a fair and reasonable compensation on their investment, but neither private cars nor industrial railroads nor spur tracks should be utilized as devices for securing preferential rates.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    434
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    147
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.71
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Transportation & Logistics

    Entities

  • the Interstate Commerce Commission
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
A rebate in icing charges, or in mileage, or in a division of the rate for refrigerating charges is just as pernicious as a rebate in any other way. No lower rate should apply on goods imported than actually obtains on domestic goods from the American seaboard to destination except in cases where water competition is the controlling influence.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    283
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.32
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Theodore Roosevelt
There should be publicity of the accounts of common carriers; no common carrier engaged in interstate business should keep any books or memoranda other than those reported pursuant to law or regulation, and these books or memoranda should be open to the inspection of the Government. Only in this way can violations or evasions of the law be surely detected.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    295
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03
Theodore Roosevelt
A system of examination of railroad accounts should be provided similar to that now conducted into the National banks by the bank examiners; a few first-class railroad accountants, if they had proper direction and proper authority to inspect books and papers, could accomplish much in preventing willful violations of the law.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    271
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    52
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    52
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.10
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Transportation & Logistics/Rail Transport

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
It would not be necessary for them to examine into the accounts of any railroad unless for good reasons they were directed to do so by the Interstate Commerce Commission. It is greatly to be desired that some way might be found by which an agreement as to transportation within a State intended to operate as a fraud upon the Federal interstate commerce laws could be brought under the jurisdiction of the Federal authorities.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    351
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.57
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Transportation & Logistics

    Entities

  • Federal
    [Organization]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the Interstate Commerce Commission
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
At present it occurs that large shipments of interstate traffic are controlled by concessions on purely State business, which of course amounts to an evasion of the law. The commission should have power to enforce fair treatment by the great trunk lines of lateral and branch lines. I urge upon the Congress the need of providing for expeditious action by the Interstate Commerce Commission in all these matters, whether in regulating rates for transportation or for storing or for handling property or commodities in transit.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.5
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    437
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    85
  • Syllables
    146
  • Words Per Sentence
    85
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.76
  • AFINN
    6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Transportation & Logistics

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • State
    [Organization]
  • the Interstate Commerce Commission
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
The history of the cases litigated under the present commerce act shows that its efficacy has been to a great degree destroyed by the weapon of delay, almost the most formidable weapon in the hands of those whose purpose it is to violate the law. Let me most earnestly say that these recommendations are not made in any spirit of hostility to the railroads.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.8
  • Coleman Liau
    11.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    291
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.88
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06