Theodore Roosevelt: State of the Union Written Message - December 3, 1906

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    112,046
  • Sentences
    675
  • Words
    23,743
  • Syllables
    37,795
  • Words Per Sentence
    23,743
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • Law & Government/Legal
Theodore Roosevelt
To the Senate and House of Representatives:

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.4
  • Gunning Fog
    2.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    6.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    36
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    7
  • Syllables
    13
  • Words Per Sentence
    7
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Entities

  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
As a nation we still continue to enjoy a literally unprecedented prosperity; and it is probable that only reckless speculation and disregard of legitimate business methods on the part of the business world can materially mar this prosperity. No Congress in our time has done more good work of importance than the present Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.9
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    274
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    100
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.76

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.44
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.02

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
There were several matters left unfinished at your last session, however, which I most earnestly hope you will complete before your adjournment. I again recommend a law prohibiting all corporations from contributing to the campaign expenses of any party. Such a bill has already past one House of Congress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.2
  • Gunning Fog
    16.3
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    3.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    253
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • House of Congress
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
Let individuals contribute as they desire; but let us prohibit in effective fashion all corporations from making contributions for any political purpose, directly or indirectly. Another bill which has just past one House of the Congress and which it is urgently necessary should be enacted into law is that conferring upon the Government the right of appeal in criminal cases on questions of law.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    329
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    64
  • Syllables
    117
  • Words Per Sentence
    64
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.81

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.10
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • House
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
This right exists in many of the States; it exists in the District of Columbia by act of the Congress. It is of course not proposed that in any case a verdict for the defendant on the merits should be set aside. Recently in one district where the Government had indicted certain persons for conspiracy in connection with rebates, the court sustained the defendant's demurrer;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.2
  • Gunning Fog
    13.6
  • Coleman Liau
    11.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    305
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.25
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the District of Columbia
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • defendant's
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
While in another jurisdiction an indictment for conspiracy to obtain rebates has been sustained by the court, convictions obtained under it, and two defendants sentenced to imprisonment.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    157
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    27
  • Syllables
    53
  • Words Per Sentence
    27
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.89

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.54
  • AFINN
    -7.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.18

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
The two cases referred to may not be in real conflict with each other, but it is unfortunate that there should even be an apparent conflict. At present there is no way by which the Government can cause such a conflict, when it occurs, to be solved by an appeal to a higher court; and the wheels of justice are blocked without any real decision of the question.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.4
  • Coleman Liau
    9.1
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    287
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.4

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.83
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
I can not too strongly urge the passage of the bill in question. A failure to pass it will result in seriously hampering the Government in its effort to obtain justice, especially against wealthy individuals or corporations who do wrong; and may also prevent the Government from obtaining justice for wage-workers who are not themselves able effectively to contest a case where the judgment of an inferior court has been against them.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    358
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.52
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.09
Theodore Roosevelt
I have specifically in view a recent decision by a district judge leaving railway employees without remedy for violation of a certain so-called labor statute. It seems an absurdity to permit a single district judge, against what may be the judgment of the immense majority of his colleagues on the bench, to declare a law solemnly enacted by the Congress to be "unconstitutional," and then to deny to the Government the right to have the Supreme Court definitely decide the question.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    403
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • the Supreme Court
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
It is well to recollect that the real efficiency of the law often depends not upon the passage of acts as to which there is great public excitement, but upon the passage of acts of this nature as to which there is not much public excitement, because there is little public understanding of their importance, while the interested parties are keenly alive to the desirability of defeating them.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    321
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.94
  • AFINN
    14.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05
Theodore Roosevelt
The importance of enacting into law the particular bill in question is further increased by the fact that the Government has now definitely begun a policy of resorting to the criminal law in those trust and interstate commerce cases where such a course offers a reasonable chance of success. At first, as was proper, every effort was made to enforce these laws by civil proceedings;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    314
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
But it has become increasingly evident that the action of the Government in finally deciding, in certain cases, to undertake criminal proceedings was justifiable; and tho there have been some conspicuous failures in these cases, we have had many successes, which have undoubtedly had a deterrent effect upon evil-doers, whether the penalty inflicted was in the shape of fine or imprisonment -- and penalties of both kinds have already been inflicted by the courts.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    381
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    134
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.74

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.59
  • AFINN
    -15.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
Theodore Roosevelt
Of course, where the judge can see his way to inflict the penalty of imprisonment the deterrent effect of the punishment on other offenders is increased; but sufficiently heavy fines accomplish much. Judge Holt, of the New York district court, in a recent decision admirably stated the need for treating with just severity offenders of this kind.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    284
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    95
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • New York
    [Country, City, State]
  • Holt
    [Person]
Theodore Roosevelt
His opinion runs in part as follows: 'The Government's evidence to establish the defendant's guilt was clear, conclusive, and undisputed. The case was a flagrant one. The transactions which took place under this illegal contract were very large; the amounts of rebates returned were considerable; and the amount of the rebate itself was large, amounting to more than one-fifth of the entire tariff charge for the transportation of merchandise from this city to Detroit.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    383
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    75
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    75
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.58
  • AFINN
    -5.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • more than one-fifth
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Detroit
    [Country, City, State]
  • defendant's
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
It is not too much to say, in my opinion, that if this business was carried on for a considerable time on that basis -- that is, if this discrimination in favor of this particular shipper was made with an 18 instead of a 23 cent rate and the tariff rate was maintained as against their competitors -- the result might be and not improbably would be that their competitors would be driven out of business.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    317
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.43

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.40
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04

    Entities

  • 18
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 23 cent
    [Money]
Theodore Roosevelt
This crime is one which in its nature is deliberate and premeditated. I think over a fortnight elapsed between the date of Palmer's letter requesting the reduced rate and the answer of the railroad company deciding to grant it, and then for months afterwards this business was carried on and these claims for rebates submitted month after month and checks in payment of them drawn month after month.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    328
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.25
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Public Safety

    Entities

  • month
    [Date]
  • months
    [Date]
  • Palmer's
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
Such a violation of the law, in my opinion, in its essential nature, is a very much more heinous act than the ordinary common, vulgar crimes which come before criminal courts constantly for punishment and which arise from sudden passion or temptation. This crime in this case was committed by men of education and of large business experience, whose standing in the community was such that they might have been expected to set an example of obedience to law upon the maintenance of which alone in this country the security of their property depends.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    449
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    94
  • Syllables
    159
  • Words Per Sentence
    94
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.86
  • AFINN
    -11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
Theodore Roosevelt
It was committed on behalf of a great railroad corporation, which, like other railroad corporations, has received gratuitously from the State large and valuable privileges for the public's convenience and its own, which performs quasi public functions and which is charged with the highest obligation in the transaction of its business to treat the citizens of this country alike, and not to carry on its business with unjust discriminations between different citizens or different classes of citizens.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    419
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    139
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.90
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial/Transportation & Logistics/Rail Transport
  • Travel/Bus & Rail

    Entities

  • State
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
This crime in its nature is one usually done with secrecy, and proof of which it is very difficult to obtain. The interstate commerce act was past in 1887, nearly twenty years ago. Ever since that time complaints of the granting of rebates by railroads have been common, urgent, and insistent, and altho the Congress has repeatedly past legislation endeavoring to put a stop to this evil, the difficulty of obtaining proof upon which to bring prosecution in these cases is so great that this is the first case that has ever been brought in this court, and, as I am formed, this case and one recently brought in Philadelphia are the only cases that have ever been brought in the eastern part of this country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    566
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    126
  • Syllables
    188
  • Words Per Sentence
    126
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.48

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.90
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Public Safety

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Philadelphia
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1887
    [Date]
  • nearly twenty years ago
    [Date]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Theodore Roosevelt
In fact, but few cases of this kind have ever been brought in this country, East or West. Now, under these circumstances, I am forced to the conclusion, in a case in which the proof is so clear and the facts are so flagrant, it is the duty of the court to fix a penalty which shall in some degree be commensurate with the gravity of the offense.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.1
  • Coleman Liau
    7.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    270
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    91
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.32

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.14
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • East
    [Location]
  • West
    [Location]
Theodore Roosevelt
As between the two defendants, in my opinion, the principal penalty should be imposed on the corporation. The traffic manager in this case, presumably, acted without any advantage to himself and without any interest in the transaction, either by the direct authority or in accordance with what he understood to be the policy or the wishes of his employer. "The sentence of this court in this case is, that the defendant Pomeroy, for each of the six offenses upon which he has been convicted, be fined the sum of $1,000, making six fines, amounting in all to the sum of $6,000; and the defendant, The New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Company, for each of the six crimes of which it has been convicted, be fined the sum of $18,000, making six fines amounting in the aggregate to the sum of $108,000, and judgment to that effect will be entered in this case." In connection with this matter, I would like to call attention to the very unsatisfactory state of our criminal law, resulting in large part from the habit of setting aside the judgments of inferior courts on technicalities absolutely unconnected with the merits of the case, and where there is no attempt to show that there has been any failure of substantial justice.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    977
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    222
  • Syllables
    335
  • Words Per Sentence
    222
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.84
  • AFINN
    -15.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • six
    [Cardinal Number]
  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 1,000
    [Money]
  • 108,000
    [Money]
  • 18,000
    [Money]
  • 6,000
    [Money]
  • Hudson River Railroad Company
    [Organization]
  • the direct authority
    [Organization]
  • The New York Central
    [Organization]
  • Pomeroy
    [Person]
Theodore Roosevelt
It would be well to enact a law providing something to the effect that: No judgment shall be set aside or new trial granted in any cause, civil or criminal, on the ground of misdirection of the jury or the improper admission or rejection of evidence, or for error as to any matter of pleading or procedure unless, in the opinion of the court to which the application is made, after an examination of the entire cause, it shall affirmatively appear that the error complained of has resulted in a miscarriage of justice.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    418
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    93
  • Syllables
    145
  • Words Per Sentence
    93
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.86
  • AFINN
    -10.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07
Theodore Roosevelt
In my last message I suggested the enactment of a law in connection with the issuance of injunctions, attention having been sharply drawn to the matter by the demand that the right of applying injunctions in labor cases should be wholly abolished. It is at least doubtful whether a law abolishing altogether the use of injunctions in such cases would stand the test of the courts;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    312
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    102
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.61

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.42
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.10

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
Theodore Roosevelt
In which case of course the legislation would be ineffective.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.2
  • Gunning Fog
    12.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    7.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    3.7
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    3.7
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    51
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    10
  • Syllables
    17
  • Words Per Sentence
    10
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.13
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.09
Theodore Roosevelt
Moreover, I believe it would be wrong altogether to prohibit the use of injunctions. It is criminal to permit sympathy for criminals to weaken our hands in upholding the law; and if men seek to destroy life or property by mob violence there should be no impairment of the power of the courts to deal with them in the most summary and effective way possible.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    289
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    101
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.95
  • AFINN
    -14.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.09

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
Theodore Roosevelt
But so far as possible the abuse of the power should be provided against by some such law as I advocated last year. In this matter of injunctions there is lodged in the hands of the judiciary a necessary power which is nevertheless subject to the possibility of grave abuse. It is a power that should be exercised with extreme care and should be subject to the jealous scrutiny of all men, and condemnation should be meted out as much to the judge who fails to use it boldly when necessary as to the judge who uses it wantonly or oppressively.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    439
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    101
  • Syllables
    151
  • Words Per Sentence
    101
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.97
  • AFINN
    -9.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • last year
    [Date]
Theodore Roosevelt
Of course a judge strong enough to be fit for his office will enjoin any resort to violence or intimidation, especially by conspiracy, no matter what his opinion may be of the rights of the original quarrel. There must be no hesitation in dealing with disorder. But there must likewise be no such abuse of the injunctive power as is implied in forbidding laboring men to strive for their own betterment in peaceful and lawful ways;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    351
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    76
  • Syllables
    126
  • Words Per Sentence
    76
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.16
  • AFINN
    -12.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07
Theodore Roosevelt
Nor must the injunction be used merely to aid some big corporation in carrying out schemes for its own aggrandizement.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.5
  • Gunning Fog
    14.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    3.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    98
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    20
  • Syllables
    32
  • Words Per Sentence
    20
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05
Theodore Roosevelt
It must be remembered that a preliminary injunction in a labor case, if granted without adequate proof (even when authority can be found to support the conclusions of law on which it is founded), may often settle the dispute between the parties; and therefore if improperly granted may do irreparable wrong.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    251
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    88
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.30
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
Theodore Roosevelt
Yet there are many judges who assume a matter-of-course granting of a preliminary injunction to be the ordinary and proper judicial disposition of such cases; and there have undoubtedly been flagrant wrongs committed by judges in connection with labor disputes even within the last few years, altho I think much less often than in former years.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    284
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    96
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.32
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • former years
    [Date]
  • the last few years
    [Date]
Theodore Roosevelt
Such judges by their unwise action immensely strengthen the hands of those who are striving entirely to do away with the power of injunction; and therefore such careless use of the injunctive process tends to threaten its very existence, for if the American people ever become convinced that this process is habitually abused, whether in matters affecting labor or in matters affecting corporations, it will be well-nigh impossible to prevent its abolition.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    9.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    9.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    380
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    73
  • Syllables
    133
  • Words Per Sentence
    73
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.77

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.48
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Topics

  • People & Society

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Theodore Roosevelt
It may be the highest duty of a judge at any given moment to disregard, not merely the wishes of individuals of great political or financial power, but the overwhelming tide of public sentiment; and the judge who does thus disregard public sentiment when it is wrong, who brushes aside the plea of any special interest when the pleading is not rounded on righteousness, performs the highest service to the country.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    338
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    71
  • Syllables
    118
  • Words Per Sentence
    71
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.37
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03
Theodore Roosevelt
Such a judge is deserving of all honor; and all honor can not be paid to this wise and fearless judge if we permit the growth of an absurd convention which would forbid any criticism of the judge of another type, who shows himself timid in the presence of arrogant disorder, or who on insufficient grounds grants an injunction that does grave injustice, or who in his capacity as a construer, and therefore in part a maker, of the law, in flagrant fashion thwarts the cause of decent government.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    399
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    89
  • Syllables
    131
  • Words Per Sentence
    89
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.33
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government
Theodore Roosevelt
The judge has a power over which no review can be exercised; he himself sits in review upon the acts of both the executive and legislative branches of the Government; save in the most extraordinary cases he is amenable only at the bar of public opinion; and it is unwise to maintain that public opinion in reference to a man with such power shall neither be exprest nor led.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    302
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.58

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.25
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • exprest
    [Person]
Theodore Roosevelt
The best judges have ever been foremost to disclaim any immunity from criticism. This has been true since the days of the great English Lord Chancellor Parker, who said: "Let all people be at liberty to know what I found my judgment upon; that, so when I have given it in any cause, others may be at liberty to judge of me." The proprieties of the case were set forth with singular clearness and good temper by Judge W. H. Taft, when a United States circuit judge, eleven years ago, in 1895: "The opportunity freely and publicly to criticize judicial action is of vastly more importance to the body politic than the immunity of courts and judges from unjust aspersions and attack.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.8
  • Coleman Liau
    10.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    550
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    125
  • Syllables
    188
  • Words Per Sentence
    125
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.51

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
  • News

    Entities

  • United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1895
    [Date]
  • eleven years ago
    [Date]
  • the days
    [Date]
  • English
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Parker
    [Person]
  • W. H. Taft
    [Person]
Theodore Roosevelt
Nothing tends more to render judges careful in their decisions and anxiously solicitous to do exact justice than the consciousness that every act of theirs is to be subjected to the intelligent scrutiny and candid criticism of their fellow-men. Such criticism is beneficial in proportion as it is fair, dispassionate, discriminating, and based on a knowledge of sound legal principles.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    320
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    109
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.84

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.72
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • People & Society
Theodore Roosevelt
The comments made by learned text writers and by the acute editors of the various law reviews upon judicial decisions are therefore highly useful. Such critics constitute more or less impartial tribunals of professional opinion before which each judgment is made to stand or fall on its merits, and thus exert a strong influence to secure uniformity of decision.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    301
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
Theodore Roosevelt
But non-professional criticism also is by no means without its uses, even if accompanied, as it often is, by a direct attack upon the judicial fairness and motives of the occupants of the bench; for if the law is but the essence of common sense, the protest of many average men may evidence a defect in a judicial conclusion, tho based on the nicest legal reasoning and profoundest learning.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    10.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    315
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.88
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03
Theodore Roosevelt
The two important elements of moral character in a judge are an earnest desire to reach a just conclusion and courage to enforce it. In so far as fear of public comment does not affect the courage of a judge, but only spurs him on to search his conscience and to reach the result which approves itself to his inmost heart such comment serves a useful purpose.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    15.2
  • Coleman Liau
    9.7
  • SMOG
    10.3
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    290
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.37

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    13.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • People & Society
  • Reference

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
There are few men, whether they are judges for life or for a shorter term, who do not prefer to earn and hold the respect of all, and who can not be reached and made to pause and deliberate by hostile public criticism. In the case of judges having a life tenure, indeed their very independence makes the right freely to comment on their decisions of greater importance, because it is the only practical and available instrument in the hands of a free people to keep such judges alive to the reasonable demands of those they serve. "On the other hand, the danger of destroying the proper influence of judicial decisions by creating unfounded prejudices against the courts justifies and requires that unjust attacks shall be met and answered.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    606
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    130
  • Syllables
    207
  • Words Per Sentence
    130
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.13
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Theodore Roosevelt
Courts must ultimately rest their defense upon the inherent strength of the opinions they deliver as the ground for their conclusions and must trust to the calm and deliberate judgment of all the people as their best vindication." There is one consideration which should be taken into account by the good people who carry a sound proposition to an excess in objecting to any criticism of a judge's decision.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    339
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.63

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.93
  • AFINN
    9.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government/Courts & Judiciary

    Entities

  • judge's
    [Country, City, State]
Theodore Roosevelt
The instinct of the American people as a whole is sound in this matter. They will not subscribe to the doctrine that any public servant is to be above all criticism. If the best citizens, those most competent to express their judgment in such matters, and above all those belonging to the great and honorable profession of the bar, so profoundly influential in American life, take the position that there shall be no criticism of a judge under any circumstances, their view will not be accepted by the American people as a whole.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.6
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    429
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    93
  • Syllables
    144
  • Words Per Sentence
    93
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.95
  • AFINN
    8.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
Theodore Roosevelt
In such event the people will turn to, and tend to accept as justifiable, the intemperate and improper criticism uttered by unworthy agitators. Surely it is a misfortune to leave to such critics a function, right, in itself, which they are certain to abuse. Just and temperate criticism, when necessary, is a safeguard against the acceptance by the people as a whole of that intemperate antagonism towards the judiciary which must be combated by every right-thinking man, and which, if it became widespread among the people at large, would constitute a dire menace to the Republic.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    472
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    97
  • Syllables
    166
  • Words Per Sentence
    97
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.73

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.94
  • AFINN
    -18.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Theodore Roosevelt
In connection with the delays of the law, I call your attention and the attention of the Nation to the prevalence of crime among us, and above all to the epidemic of lynching and mob violence that springs up, now in one part of our country, now in another. Each section, North, South, East, or West, has its own faults;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.7
  • Coleman Liau
    8.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    249
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    82
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.37

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.89
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06

    Topics

  • Sensitive Subjects

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • North, South
    [Country, City, State]
  • East
    [Location]
  • West
    [Location]
Theodore Roosevelt
No section can with wisdom spend its time jeering at the faults of another section; it should be busy trying to amend its own shortcomings.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.7
  • Gunning Fog
    13.2
  • Coleman Liau
    10.8
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    113
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    25
  • Syllables
    36
  • Words Per Sentence
    25
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.4

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.23
  • Harvard IV
    -0.14
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04
Theodore Roosevelt
To deal with the crime of corruption It is necessary to have an awakened public conscience, and to supplement this by whatever legislation will add speed and certainty in the execution of the law. When we deal with lynching even mote is necessary. A great many white men are lynched, but the crime is peculiarly frequent in respect to black men.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.7
  • Gunning Fog
    15.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    280
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    61
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    61
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.10
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government
Theodore Roosevelt
The greatest existing cause of lynching is the perpetration, especially by black men, of the hideous crime of rape -- the most abominable in all the category of crimes, even worse than murder. Mobs frequently avenge the commission of this crime by themselves torturing to death the man committing it; thus avenging in bestial fashion a bestial deed, and reducing themselves to a level with the criminal.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    328
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    113
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.98
  • AFINN
    -30.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Topics

  • Sensitive Subjects
Theodore Roosevelt
Lawlessness grows by what it feeds upon; and when mobs begin to lynch for rape they speedily extend the sphere of their operations and lynch for many other kinds of crimes, so that two-thirds of the lynchings are not for rape at all; while a considerable proportion of the individuals lynched are innocent of all crime.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    259
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    57
  • Syllables
    85
  • Words Per Sentence
    57
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.44

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.33
  • AFINN
    -13.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Entities

  • two-thirds
    [Cardinal Number]
Theodore Roosevelt
Governor Candler, of Georgia, stated on one occasion some years ago: "I can say of a verity that I have, within the last month, saved the lives of half a dozen innocent Negroes who were pursued by the mob, and brought them to trial in a court of law in which they were acquitted." As Bishop Galloway, of Mississippi, has finely said: "When the rule of a mob obtains, that which distinguishes a high civilization is surrendered.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    9.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    348
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    121
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.49

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.74
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • half a dozen
    [Cardinal Number]
  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Georgia
    [Country, City, State]
  • Mississippi
    [Country, City, State]
  • some years ago
    [Date]
  • the last month
    [Date]
  • Bishop Galloway
    [Person]
  • Candler
    [Person]
Theodore Roosevelt
The mob which lynches a negro charged with rape will in a little while lynch a white man suspected of crime. Every Christian patriot in America needs to lift up his voice in loud and eternal protest against the mob spirit that is threatening the integrity of this Republic." Governor Jelks, of Alabama, has recently spoken as follows: "The lynching of any person for whatever crime is inexcusable anywhere -- it is a defiance of orderly government;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.4
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    370
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.95
  • AFINN
    -18.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Sensitive Subjects

    Entities

  • Alabama
    [Country, City, State]
  • America
    [Country, City, State]
  • Christian
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Jelks
    [Person]