William Howard Taft: State of the Union Written Message - December 5, 1911

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    116,325
  • Sentences
    726
  • Words
    23,984
  • Syllables
    39,341
  • Words Per Sentence
    23,984
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
  • Law & Government/Government
William Howard Taft
Part 1: On the Anti-Trust Statute

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    0.6
  • Gunning Fog
    2.8
  • Coleman Liau
    5.2
  • SMOG
    3.3

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    25
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    7
  • Syllables
    7
  • Words Per Sentence
    7
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.14

    Entities

  • 1
    [Cardinal Number]
William Howard Taft
To the Senate and House of Representatives: This message is the first of several which I shall send to Congress during the interval between the opening of its regular session and its adjournment for the Christmas holidays. The amount of information to be communicated as to the operations of the Government, the number of important subjects calling for comment by the Executive, and the transmission to Congress of exhaustive reports of special commissions, make it impossible to include in one message of a reasonable length a discussion of the topics that ought to be brought to the attention of the National Legislature at its first regular session.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    540
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    107
  • Syllables
    179
  • Words Per Sentence
    107
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.75

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.71
  • AFINN
    2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.06
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government

    Entities

  • the Christmas holidays
    [Date]
  • first
    [Ordinal Number]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
  • Executive
    [Organization]
  • Government
    [Organization]
  • House of Representatives
    [Organization]
  • Senate
    [Organization]
  • the National Legislature
    [Organization]
Header
THE ANTI-TRUST LAW-THE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    5.2
  • Gunning Fog
    3.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    5.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    2.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    2.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    39
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    8
  • Syllables
    12
  • Words Per Sentence
    8
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    11.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • SUPREME COURT
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
In May last the Supreme Court handed down decisions in the suits in equity brought by the United States to enjoin the further maintenance of the Standard Oil Trust and of the American Tobacco Trust, and to secure their dissolution. The decisions are epoch-making and serve to advise the business world authoritatively of the scope and operation of the anti-trust act of 1890. The decisions do not depart in any substantial way from the previous decisions of the court in construing and applying this important statute, but they clarify those decisions by further defining the already admitted exceptions to the literal construction of the act.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    528
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    107
  • Syllables
    176
  • Words Per Sentence
    107
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.97
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.12
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • 1890
    [Date]
  • May
    [Date]
  • the American Tobacco Trust
    [Organization]
  • the Standard Oil Trust
    [Organization]
  • the Supreme Court
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
By the decrees, they furnish a useful precedent as to the proper method of dealing with the capital and property of illegal trusts. These decisions suggest the need and wisdom of additional or supplemental legislation to make it easier for the entire business community to square with the rule of action and legality thus finally established and to preserve the benefit, freedom, and spur of reasonable competition without loss of real efficiency or progress.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    381
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    135
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.8

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.76
  • AFINN
    -15.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08
Header
NO CHANGE IN THE RULE OF DECISION-MERELY IN ITS FORM OF EXPRESSION.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    6.7
  • Gunning Fog
    5.2
  • Coleman Liau
    8.6
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    4.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.3
  • Sprache
    2.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.3
  • Sprache
    2.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    54
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    13
  • Syllables
    19
  • Words Per Sentence
    13
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.46

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.65
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05
William Howard Taft
The statute in its first section declares to be illegal "every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States or with foreign nations," and in the second, declares guilty of a misdemeanor "every person who shall monopolize or attempt to monopolize or combine or conspire with any other person to monopolize any part of the trade or commerce of the several States or with foreign nations." In two early cases, where the statute was invoked to enjoin a transportation rate agreement between interstate railroad companies, it was held that it was no defense to show that the agreement as to rates complained of was reasonable at common law, because it was said that the statute was directed against all contracts and combinations in restraint of trade whether reasonable at common law or not.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    730
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    150
  • Syllables
    249
  • Words Per Sentence
    150
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.62

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • second
    [Ordinal Number]
William Howard Taft
It was plain from the record, however, that the contracts complained of in those cases would not have been deemed reasonable at common law. In subsequent cases the court said that the statute should be given a reasonable construction and refused to include within its inhibition, certain contractual restraints of trade which it denominated as incidental or as indirect.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    307
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    59
  • Syllables
    106
  • Words Per Sentence
    59
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.27
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.05
William Howard Taft
These cases of restraint of trade that the court excepted from the operation of the statute were instances which, at common law, would have been called reasonable. In the Standard Oil and Tobacco cases, therefore, the court merely adopted the tests of the common law, and in defining exceptions to the literal application of the statute, only substituted for the test of being incidental or indirect, that of being reasonable, and this, without varying in the slightest the actual scope and effect of the statute.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    418
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    85
  • Syllables
    142
  • Words Per Sentence
    85
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.82
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • the Standard Oil and Tobacco
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
In other words, all the cases under the statute which have now been decided would have been decided the same way if the court had originally accepted in its construction the rule at common law. It has been said that the court, by introducing into the construction of the statute common-law distinctions, has emasculated it.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.6
  • Coleman Liau
    11.9
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    4.9

    Statistics

  • Characters
    263
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    56
  • Syllables
    92
  • Words Per Sentence
    56
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.86
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
William Howard Taft
This is obviously untrue. By its judgment every contract and combination in restraint of interstate trade made with the purpose or necessary effect of controlling prices by stifling competition, or of establishing in whole or in part a monopoly of such trade, is condemned by the statute. The most extreme critics can not instance a case that ought to be condemned under the statute which is not brought within its terms as thus construed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    361
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    74
  • Syllables
    122
  • Words Per Sentence
    74
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05
William Howard Taft
The suggestion is also made that the Supreme Court by its decision in the last two cases has committed to the court the undefined and unlimited discretion to determine whether a case of restraint of trade is within the terms of the statute. This is wholly untrue. A reasonable restraint of trade at common law is well understood and is clearly defined.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.6
  • Gunning Fog
    14.1
  • Coleman Liau
    11.5
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    10.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    288
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    62
  • Syllables
    98
  • Words Per Sentence
    62
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.92
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government/Courts & Judiciary

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the Supreme Court
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
It does not rest in the discretion of the court. It must be limited to accomplish the purpose of a lawful main contract to which, in order that it shall be enforceable at all, it must be incidental. If it exceed the needs of that contract, it is void. The test of reasonableness was never applied by the court at common law to contracts or combinations or conspiracies in restraint of trade whose purpose was or whose necessary effect would be to stifle competition, to control prices, or establish monopolies.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.4
  • Gunning Fog
    14.3
  • Coleman Liau
    11.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    412
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    90
  • Syllables
    140
  • Words Per Sentence
    90
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.54

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.33
  • Harvard IV
    0.10
William Howard Taft
The courts never assumed power to say that such contracts or combinations or conspiracies might be lawful if the parties to them were only moderate in the use of the power thus secured and did not exact from the public too great and exorbitant prices. It is true that many theorists, and others engaged in business violating the statute, have hoped that some such line could be drawn by courts;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.4
  • Coleman Liau
    11.2
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    321
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    70
  • Syllables
    110
  • Words Per Sentence
    70
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.47

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.18
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
William Howard Taft
But no court of authority has ever attempted it.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.6
  • Gunning Fog
    12.5
  • Coleman Liau
    9.7
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    3.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.0
  • Sprache
    2.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    39
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    15
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.36
  • Harvard IV
    0.01
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03
William Howard Taft
Certainly there is nothing in the decisions of the latest two cases from which such a dangerous theory of judicial discretion in enforcing this statute can derive the slightest sanction.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    156
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    30
  • Syllables
    52
  • Words Per Sentence
    30
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.40
  • AFINN
    -10.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Topics

  • Law & Government

    Entities

  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
Header
FORCE AND EFFECTIVENESS OF STATUTE A MATTER OF GROWTH.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    6.3
  • Gunning Fog
    3.6
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    6.6

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    2.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.5
  • Sprache
    2.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    45
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    9
  • Syllables
    15
  • Words Per Sentence
    9
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.56
  • AFINN
    4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
William Howard Taft
We have been twenty-one years making this statute effective for the purposes for which it was enacted. The Knight case was discouraging and seemed to remit to the States the whole available power to attack and suppress the evils of the trusts. Slowly, however, the error of that judgment was corrected, and only in the last three or four years has the heavy hand of the law been laid upon the great illegal combinations that have exercised such an absolute dominion over many of our industries.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    17.6
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    402
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    87
  • Syllables
    136
  • Words Per Sentence
    87
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.53

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.30
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.07

    Entities

  • States
    [Country, City, State]
  • the last three or four years
    [Date]
  • twenty-one years
    [Date]
  • Knight
    [Person]
William Howard Taft
Criminal prosecutions have been brought and a number are pending, but juries have felt averse to convicting for jail sentences, and judges have been most reluctant to impose such sentences on men of respectable standing in society whose offense has been regarded as merely statutory. Still, as the offense becomes better understood and the committing of it partakes more of studied and deliberate defiance of the law, we can be confident that juries will convict individuals and that jail sentences will be imposed.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    427
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    83
  • Syllables
    151
  • Words Per Sentence
    83
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.32
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.09

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
Header
THE REMEDY IN EQUITY BY DISSOLUTION.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    2.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    5.1

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    1.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.2
  • Sprache
    1.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    30
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    6
  • Syllables
    12
  • Words Per Sentence
    6
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.33

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.53
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
William Howard Taft
In the Standard Oil case the Supreme and Circuit Courts found the combination to be a monopoly of the interstate business of refining, transporting, and marketing petroleum and its products, effected and maintained through thirty-seven different corporations, the stock of which was held by a New Jersey company.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    259
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    49
  • Syllables
    84
  • Words Per Sentence
    49
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.69

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.59
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • thirty-seven
    [Cardinal Number]
  • New Jersey
    [Country, City, State]
  • the Supreme and Circuit Courts
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
It in effect commanded the dissolution of this combination, directed the transfer and pro rata distribution by the New Jersey company of the stock held by it in the thirty-seven corporations to and among its stockholders; and the corporations and individual defendants were enjoined from conspiring or combining to restore such monopoly;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.6
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    282
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    53
  • Syllables
    97
  • Words Per Sentence
    53
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.85

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.79
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • thirty-seven
    [Cardinal Number]
  • New Jersey
    [Country, City, State]
William Howard Taft
And all agreements between the subsidiary corporations tending to produce or bring about further violations of the act were enjoined.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    3.7

    Statistics

  • Characters
    113
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    20
  • Syllables
    37
  • Words Per Sentence
    20
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.85

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.40
  • Harvard IV
    0.17
William Howard Taft
In the Tobacco case, the court found that the individual defendants, twenty-nine in number, had been engaged in a successful effort to acquire complete dominion over the manufacture, sale, and distribution of tobacco in this country and abroad, and that this had been done by combinations made with a purpose and effect to stifle competition, control prices, and establish a monopoly, not only in the manufacture of tobacco, but also of tin-foil and licorice used in its manufacture and of its products of cigars, cigarettes, and snuffs.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    436
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    89
  • Syllables
    155
  • Words Per Sentence
    89
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.37
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09

    Topics

  • Sensitive Subjects
  • Shopping/Tobacco Products

    Entities

  • twenty-nine
    [Cardinal Number]
  • Tobacco
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
The ' tobacco suit presented a far more complicated and difficult case than the Standard Oil suit for a decree which would effectuate the will of the court and end the violation of the statute. There was here no single holding company as in the case of the Standard Oil Trust. The main company was the American Tobacco Company, a manufacturing, selling, and holding company.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    11.7
  • Gunning Fog
    14.8
  • Coleman Liau
    11.6
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    11.4

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.7
  • Sprache
    4.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    303
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    65
  • Syllables
    108
  • Words Per Sentence
    65
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.11
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Shopping

    Entities

  • 27
    [Cardinal Number]
  • the American Tobacco Company
    [Organization]
  • the Standard Oil Trust
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
The plan adopted to destroy the combination and restore competition involved the redivision of the capital and plants of the whole trust between some of the companies constituting the trust and new companies organized for the purposes of the decree and made parties to it, and numbering, new and old, fourteen.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    256
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    51
  • Syllables
    89
  • Words Per Sentence
    51
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.65

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.67
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Topics

  • Arts & Entertainment

    Entities

  • fourteen
    [Date]
Header
SITUATION AFTER READJUSTMENT.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    1.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    26
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    3
  • Syllables
    9
  • Words Per Sentence
    3
  • Syllables Per Word
    3

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.48
  • AFINN
    -6.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
William Howard Taft
The American Tobacco Company (old), readjusted capital, $92, 000,000; the Liggett & Meyers Tobacco Company (new), capital, $67,000,000; the P. Lorillard Company (new), capital, $47,000,000; and the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company (old), capital, $7,525,000, are chiefly engaged in the manufacture and sale of chewing and smoking tobacco and cigars.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    8.0
  • Gunning Fog
    11.3
  • Coleman Liau
    8.1
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    5.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    3.6

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.5
  • Sprache
    3.6

    Statistics

  • Characters
    236
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    84
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.52

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.68
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • 000,000
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 47,000,000
    [Money]
  • 67,000,000
    [Money]
  • 7,525,000
    [Money]
  • 92
    [Money]
  • capital
    [Organization]
  • Liggett &
    [Organization]
  • Meyers Tobacco Company
    [Organization]
  • The American Tobacco Company
    [Organization]
  • the P. Lorillard Company
    [Organization]
  • the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
The former one tinfoil company is divided into two, one of $825,000 capital and the other of $400,000. The one snuff company is divided into three companies, one with a capital Of $15,000,000, another with a capital of $8,000,000, and a third with a capital of $8,000,000. The licorice companies are two one with a capital Of $5,758,300 and another with a capital of $200,000. There is, also, the British-American Tobacco Company, a British corporation, doing business abroad with a capital Of $26,000,000, the Porto Rican Tobacco Company, with a capital of $1,800,000, and the corporation of United Cigar Stores, with a capital of $9,000,000. Under this arrangement, each of the different kinds of business will be distributed between two or more companies with a division of the prominent brands in the same tobacco products, so as to make competition not only possible but necessary.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    6.8
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.1
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    626
  • Sentences
    5
  • Words
    163
  • Syllables
    238
  • Words Per Sentence
    163
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.42

    Sentiment

  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.05

    Entities

  • between two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • three
    [Cardinal Number]
  • two
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 1,800,000
    [Money]
  • 15,000,000
    [Money]
  • 200,000
    [Money]
  • 26,000,000
    [Money]
  • 400,000
    [Money]
  • 5,758,300
    [Money]
  • 8,000,000
    [Money]
  • 825,000
    [Money]
  • 9,000,000
    [Money]
  • British
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • third
    [Ordinal Number]
  • the British-American Tobacco Company
    [Organization]
  • the Porto Rican Tobacco Company
    [Organization]
  • United Cigar Stores
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
Thus the smoking-tobacco business of the country is divided so that the present independent companies have 21-39 per cent, while the American Tobacco Company will have 33-08 per cent, the Liggett & Meyers 20.05 per cent, the Lorillard Company 22.82 per cent, and the Reynolds Company 2.66 per cent. The stock of the other thirteen companies, both preferred and common, has been taken from the defendant American Tobacco Company and has been distributed among its stockholders.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    373
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    80
  • Syllables
    127
  • Words Per Sentence
    80
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.78
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.13
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • 21
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 33
    [Cardinal Number]
  • thirteen
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 20.05 per cent
    [Money]
  • 22.82 per cent
    [Money]
  • American Tobacco Company
    [Organization]
  • Liggett &
    [Organization]
  • Lorillard Company
    [Organization]
  • the American Tobacco Company
    [Organization]
  • the Reynolds Company 2.66
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
All covenants restricting competition have been declared null and further performance of them has been enjoined. The preferred stock of the different companies has now been given voting power which was denied it under the old organization. The ratio of the preferred stock to the common was as 78 to 40. This constitutes a very decided change in the character of the ownership and control of each company.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.8
  • Gunning Fog
    14.4
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    9.9

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.5

    Statistics

  • Characters
    330
  • Sentences
    4
  • Words
    68
  • Syllables
    112
  • Words Per Sentence
    68
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.59

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.08
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Finance

    Entities

  • 78 to 40
    [Cardinal Number]
William Howard Taft
In the original suit there were twenty-nine defendants who were charged with being the conspirators through whom the illegal combination acquired and exercised its unlawful dominion. Under the decree these defendants. will hold amounts of stock in the various distributee companies ranging from 41 per cent as a maximum to 28.5 per cent as a minimum, except in the case of one small company, the Porto Rican Tobacco Company, in which they will hold 45 per cent.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    18.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    370
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    78
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    78
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.6

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.62
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
  • twenty-nine
    [Cardinal Number]
  • 28.5 per cent
    [Money]
  • 41 per cent
    [Money]
  • 45 per cent
    [Money]
  • the Porto Rican Tobacco Company
    [Organization]
William Howard Taft
The twenty-nine individual defendants are enjoined for three years from buying any stock except from each other, and the group is thus prevented from extending its control during that period. All parties to the suit, and the new companies who are made parties are enjoined perpetually from in any way effecting any combination between any of the companies in violation of the statute by way of resumption of the old trust.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    347
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    72
  • Syllables
    115
  • Words Per Sentence
    72
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.56
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.11

    Entities

  • twenty-nine
    [Cardinal Number]
  • three years
    [Date]
William Howard Taft
Each of the fourteen companies is enjoined from acquiring stock in any of the others. All these companies are enjoined from having common directors or officers, or common buying or selling agents, or common offices, or lending money to each other.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    14.1
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.3
  • Sprache
    4.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    202
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    41
  • Syllables
    70
  • Words Per Sentence
    41
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.87
  • AFINN
    5.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01

    Entities

  • fourteen
    [Cardinal Number]
Header
SIZE OF NEW COMPANIES.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    3.7
  • Gunning Fog
    1.6
  • Coleman Liau
    10.6
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    1.8

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    0.2
  • Sprache
    1.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    18
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    4
  • Syllables
    7
  • Words Per Sentence
    4
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.5

    Sentiment

  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04
William Howard Taft
Objection was made by certain independent tobacco companies that this settlement was unjust because it left companies with very large capital in active business, and that the settlement that would be effective to put all on an equality would be a division of the capital and plant of the trust into small fractions in amount more nearly equal to that of each of the independent companies.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    321
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    66
  • Syllables
    111
  • Words Per Sentence
    66
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.67

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.85
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
William Howard Taft
This contention results from a misunderstanding of the anti-trust law and its purpose. It is not intended thereby to prevent the accumulation of large capital in business enterprises in which such a combination can secure reduced cost of production, sale, and distribution. It is directed against such an aggregation of capital only when its purpose is that of stifling competition, enhancing or controlling prices, and establishing a monopoly.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.9
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    369
  • Sentences
    3
  • Words
    69
  • Syllables
    130
  • Words Per Sentence
    69
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.87

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.59
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.03

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal
William Howard Taft
If we shall have by the decree defeated these purposes and restored competition between the large units into which the capital and plant have been divided, we shall have accomplished the useful purpose of the statute.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    180
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    36
  • Syllables
    63
  • Words Per Sentence
    36
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.64

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.28
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.06
Header
CONFISCATION NOT THE PURPOSE OF THE STATUTE.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    7.4
  • Gunning Fog
    2.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    7.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.1
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    37
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    7
  • Syllables
    13
  • Words Per Sentence
    7
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.71

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.07
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02
William Howard Taft
It is not the purpose of the statute to confiscate the property and capital of the offending trusts. Methods of punishment by fine or imprisonment of the individual offenders, by fine of the corporation or by forfeiture of its goods in transportation, are provided, but the proceeding in equity is a specific remedy to stop the operation of the trust by injunction and prevent the future use of the plant and capital in violation of the statute.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.8
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    364
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    77
  • Syllables
    128
  • Words Per Sentence
    77
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.7

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.48
  • AFINN
    -4.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08
Header
EFFECTIVENESS OF DECREE.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    1.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.2

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.2

    Statistics

  • Characters
    21
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    3
  • Syllables
    8
  • Words Per Sentence
    3
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.33

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.82
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
William Howard Taft
I venture to say that not in the history of American law has a decree more effective for such a purpose been entered by a court than that against the Tobacco Trust. As Circuit judge Noyes said in his judgment approving the decree: "The extent to which it has been necessary to tear apart this combination and force it into new forms with the attendant burdens ought to demonstrate that the Federal anti-trust statute is a drastic statute which accomplishes effective results;

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    11.7
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    7.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    393
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    84
  • Syllables
    135
  • Words Per Sentence
    84
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.55

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.29
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Legal

    Entities

  • American
    [Nationality, Political or Religious Group]
  • Circuit
    [Organization]
  • the Tobacco Trust
    [Organization]
  • Noyes
    [Person]
William Howard Taft
Which so long as it stands on the statute books must be obeyed, and which can not be disobeyed without incurring far-reaching penalties.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    10.5
  • Gunning Fog
    14.6
  • Coleman Liau
    11.4
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.1
  • Sprache
    4.1

    Statistics

  • Characters
    111
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    24
  • Syllables
    36
  • Words Per Sentence
    24
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.42

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.80
  • AFINN
    10.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.08
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.01
William Howard Taft
And, on the other hand, the successful reconstruction of this organization should teach that the effect of enforcing this statute is not to destroy, but to reconstruct; not to demolish, but to re-create in accordance with the conditions which the Congress has declared shall exist among the people of the United States."

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    16.7
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.3
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    265
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    54
  • Syllables
    84
  • Words Per Sentence
    54
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.56

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.23
  • AFINN
    3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.01

    Entities

  • the United States
    [Country, City, State]
  • Congress
    [Organization]
Header
COMMON STOCK OWNERSHIP.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    9.2
  • Gunning Fog
    1.2
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    9.0
  • ARI
    11.5

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.3

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    10.0
  • Sprache
    1.3

    Statistics

  • Characters
    20
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    3
  • Syllables
    6
  • Words Per Sentence
    3
  • Syllables Per Word
    2

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.77
  • AFINN
    -1.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.03
William Howard Taft
It has been assumed that the present pro rata and common ownership in all these companies by former stockholders of the trust would insure a continuance of the same old single control of all the companies into which the trust has by decree been disintegrated. This is erroneous and is based upon the assumed inefficacy and innocuousness of judicial injunctions.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.5
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    300
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    60
  • Syllables
    105
  • Words Per Sentence
    60
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.72

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.94
  • AFINN
    -11.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.03
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04

    Topics

  • Law & Government/Government
William Howard Taft
The companies are enjoined from cooperation or combination; they have different managers, directors, purchasing and sales agents. If all or many of the numerous stockholders, reaching into the thousands, attempt to secure concerted action of the companies with a view to the control of the market, their number is so large that such an attempt could not well be concealed, and its prime movers and all its participants would be at once subject to contempt proceedings and imprisonment of a summary character.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    6.7
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    418
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    82
  • Syllables
    141
  • Words Per Sentence
    82
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.66

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.02
  • AFINN
    -3.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.05
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.02

    Topics

  • Business & Industrial

    Entities

  • thousands
    [Cardinal Number]
William Howard Taft
The immediate result of the present situation will necessarily be activity by all the companies under different managers, and then competition must follow, or there will be activity by one company and stagnation by another. Only a short time will inevitably lead to a change in ownership of the stock, as all opportunity for continued cooperation must disappear.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    5.2
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    300
  • Sentences
    2
  • Words
    58
  • Syllables
    107
  • Words Per Sentence
    58
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.91

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.02
  • AFINN
    -2.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.04
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.08

    Entities

  • one
    [Cardinal Number]
William Howard Taft
Those critics who speak of this dis integration in the trust as a mere change of garments have not given consideration to the inevitable working of the decree and understand little the personal danger of attempting to evade or set at naught the solemn injunction of a court whose object is made plain by the decree and whose inhibitions are set forth with a detail and comprehensiveness

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    19.0
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    12.0
  • ARI
    12.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    8.0
  • Sprache
    5.0

    Statistics

  • Characters
    320
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    67
  • Syllables
    108
  • Words Per Sentence
    67
  • Syllables Per Word
    1.57

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    0.83
  • AFINN
    7.00
  • Harvard IV
    0.09
  • Loughran-McDonald
    0.03
Header
VOLUNTARY REORGANIZATIONS OF OTHER TRUSTS AT HAND.

    Grade Level Score

  • Flesch Kincaid
    12.0
  • Gunning Fog
    2.8
  • Coleman Liau
    12.0
  • SMOG
    11.3
  • ARI
    11.0

    Readability Score

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Difficult Words

  • Dale Chall
    4.9
  • Sprache
    1.8

    Statistics

  • Characters
    43
  • Sentences
    1
  • Words
    7
  • Syllables
    16
  • Words Per Sentence
    7
  • Syllables Per Word
    2.29

    Sentiment

  • VADER
    -0.84
  • AFINN
    -8.00
  • Harvard IV
    -0.02
  • Loughran-McDonald
    -0.04